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Corporal Punishment for Children vs. Other Methods - Research Paper Example

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This research is governed by the following research questions, which will aid in attaining objectives and aim of the research: Should corporal punishment be allowed for children in schools and at home? If not, then what are the alternative methods of punishment?…
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Corporal Punishment for Children vs. Other Methods
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Download file to see previous pages This research will begin with the statement that “corporal punishment” is “physical pain inflicted on the body of a child as a penalty for disapproved behavior.”  However, in a practical sense, corporal punishment is synonymous to any violent way of punching, spanking, hitting, paddling and various other physical ways of carrying out a painful punishment on a child who the parents may regard as obedient. Nevertheless, despite the claims to its benefits and usefulness, and based on the literature reviewed, corporal punishment does not have any long-term benefits and is therefore considered unnecessary for children’s discipline. Moreover, there may be many other ways of disciplining children that are more effective than corporal punishment. The questions stated above are important because, in many parts of the world like Korea and Japan, corporal punishment is still the norm that defines discipline among children both at school and at home, when in fact the teachers and parents in these places may just not realize its negative effects. Nevertheless, without knowing the exact negative effects of corporal punishment, one may not be fully convinced that this ancient method of discipline is negative. Therefore, there is a need to know how negative it is exactly. Moreover, it is not enough to eradicate corporal punishment in the homes and schools. We should also find alternative means of punishment for both home and school settings. Corporal punishment is negative. Firstly, the rumored benefits of corporal punishment are not available in concrete terms. According to the findings of the Society for Adolescent Medicine as reported by Dupper and Dingus, there is no data which shows that corporal punishment can enhance social skills or self-control skills in the long run. Moreover, “the same students are hit over and over again”. Nevertheless, this could be a weak argument because there may be existing developmental studies that have been carefully conducted and may have yielded positive results. However, the claim that “the same students are hit over and over again” would actually defeat any positive results because doing the punishment done multiple times means that it is not effective. Secondly, corporal punishment is known to be the cause of a number of psychological problems in the child. A study by Hyman in 1995 reports that corporal punishment in schools has “damaging physical and psychological outcomes that can affect some children for the remainder of their lives”. Such effects include conduct disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Thirdly, according to Gershoff and Bitensky, corporal punishment does not seem to decrease any instance of defiant and aggressive behavior in the child in the long run. This means that a number of children often revert back to their former negative selves perhaps sometime after they lose the fear of punishment. Moreover, according to McLoyd and Smith, “Spanking was associated with an increase in behavior problems over time” and this is particularly true among African American children. Furthermore, it is also contended that “physical punishment typically evokes anger and emotional distress in the child, which, over time, may diminish positive feelings”. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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