The use of psychotropic medication still has a place in the treatment of challenging behaviour in adults with intellectual disability. Critically discuss this statement with reference to the literature. Introduction Intellectual disabilities, otherwise known as mental retardation or learning disability is a lifelong problem same as other mental disorders specified in the international systems of classification…
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Even with such evidence, intellectual disabilities and similar issues are a vague aspect of mental health. In most countries, there are limited provisions and trainings on the management of intellectual disabilities. The WHO has established the unmet care issues on individuals with intellectual disability (WHO, 2007). Within the realm of intellectual disability, the assessment and management of problematic behaviours are significant. Most individuals suffering from intellectual disabilities are also suffering from problematic or challenging behaviours (Deb, et.al., 2009). Reports indicate that about 20-45% of individuals with intellectual disabilities are also receiving psychotropic medications and 14-30% are being given psychotropic meds to manage challenging behaviour like aggression and self-injurious behaviours (Clark, et.al., 1990). Some of these psychotropic meds include antipsychotics, antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs, psychostimulants, and opioid antagonists. Most of the drugs administered to patients with intellectual disabilities manifesting challenging behaviour are antipsychotics (Speat, et.al., 1997). ...
Others argue that giving the drugs does not solve the problem or challenging behaviour; when the drugs would wear off, the challenging behaviour would again manifest. This study now seeks to evaluate the use of psychotropic medication and the fact that it still has a place in the treatment of challenging behaviour among adults with intellectual disability. Various studies shall also be discussed in order to support the use of psychotropic drugs in managing challenging behaviour among patients with intellectual disabilities. Body There is still a place for the use of psychotropic medications in the management of patients with intellectual disability and challenging behaviour (Matson, et.al., 2009). The primary goal in the management of patients with intellectual disability must not be actually to treat the behaviour. Finding a cause for challenging behaviours among patients with intellectual disabilities is often difficult and when a cause is established, establishing an intervention must be geared towards reducing the effect of the behaviour on the patient as well as the people around him or her (Antochi, et.al., 2003). There are often different causes for problematic behaviour, including physical and mental health issues. Factors may either be internal or external and may both impact on the manifestation of problematic behaviours. The study by Sokolovski (2012) points out how psychotropic medications have presented with improved outcomes, especially in terms of anti-problem behaviours and the use of psychotropic drugs. This study points out that the use of psychotropic behaviours among adults with intellectual disabilities manifesting challenging behaviour is common and prevalent; however such use is not related to improved outcomes or results in patients
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