Effects of drugs used by parents on infants or new born babies Drug abuse is one of the major social problems in all parts of the world, especially in western countries. It has lot of moral, social and ethical dimensions…
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It should be noted that a drug abuser is staying in a society and his activities may have many influences upon his family members, especially upon infants or new born babies. In other words, drug abuse by the parents during pregnancy and after the birth of the child may have detrimental effects on the development of the infants. Plenty of new born babies all over the world are suffering from autism like physical and psychological diseases as a result of the drug abuse of their mothers during pregnancy. Some mothers have the illusion that drug abuse after the birth of the babies may not cause any damages to their children. Harmful ingredients of the drugs used by the mothers may enter the body of the infants at the time of breast feeding. In short drug abuse both during pregnancy and after the birth of the babies may cause huge problems to the infants. This paper analyses the effects of drug use by parents on the development of infants. Findings of previous researchers Defective development of self esteem is one of the major psychological problems developed among infants as a result of drug abuse by their parents. Rapid development of self esteem is taking place during childhood, which is necessary for the child to meet future life challenges. It should be noted that parents with drug abuse habit may not show much care and love towards their children. Avoidance by the parents may create lot of psychological problems in the minds of the children. Children during their developmental stages need both fatherly and motherly love, care and protection. Fatherly love cannot be substituted by motherly love or motherly love cannot be substituted by fatherly love. ...
Both are complementing each other in the development of a child. Menon et al. (2007) conducted a pilot study to know the effects of avoidance by parents upon children and concluded the following things. High self-esteem may cause avoidant children to behave in ways that elicit real, not imaginary, increased negative treatment by the mother, and the fact that avoidant children with high self-esteem view their mother as monitoring them less and less over time may reflect more successful avoidance of their mother by these children. High self-esteem may also cause avoidant children to perceive and remember maternal behaviors that are consistent with their sense that their mother may not love them or is poised to fight them. It is also possible that avoidant children with high self-esteem are becoming more accurate over time in their perception of a mother who has been rejecting or disengaged all along (Menon et al., 2007, p.1635). Mother’s love is the most important necessity for the development of a child even though father’s love also plays a vital role in doing so. Nothing can be substituted for mother’s love as far as the thinking patters of a child is concerned. The neglect or avoidance of the mother may affect the child more than anything else in this world. Many studies have proved that the children who are facing avoidance from the mothers may become antisocial elements in future. Such children may develop a vengeance towards the society which denied them the luxury of mother’s love. Such thoughts will haunt them throughout their lives and they may develop a tendency to develop aggressive behaviors in future. Friguls, et al. (20100 pointed out that “both licit and illicit drugs consumed by the breast feeding woman pass into the milk
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