Nobody downloaded yet

Limitations of Norms Paper - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Limitations of Norms Paper Grade course 9th April, 2012 Norms in Psychological testing Introduction Psychological testing is referred to as psychological assessment because information is given out, and the accuracy of the information is tested and assessed…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.7% of users find it useful
Limitations of Norms Paper
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Limitations of Norms Paper"

Download file to see previous pages The norms used for categorizing test subjects have limitations when interpreting the results. The tests are used to give meaning to the raw data collected. This paper will address the limitations of norming while interpreting results, and reconcile the limitations with interpretation of the scores. Norms should not be seen as the standards of performance, but they act as a base for interpreting test scores. Norm groups vary in size, and it can be as large as 100, 000 people. Types and uses of norms Developmental norms Psychological testing aims at measuring human beings characteristics that pertain to behavior. Developmental norms are used to indicate the progress of a person, along the normal developmental path (Stark and Barnes, 1975). A child of 6 years old, who has an IQ like a 10 years old child, can be referred to as having a mental age of 10. Developmental norms have a significant appeal for purposes which are descriptive, mostly in the individuals’ intensive clinical studies and for specific research purposes. Mental age norms are found in developmental norms, which measures, a person’s progress in relation with others in the group. Mental age norms are used to determine a person’s age depending with the behavior of the individual as compared to the behavior of others in the same category (Anastasi and Urbina, 1997). A child’s raw score is determined first, and then the mean of the raw scores is determined next. The mean raw score achieved by all the children or participants in every year group, and it is within the standardization sample is what gives and constitutes the age norm for the test (Kaplan and Saccuzzo, 2009). Mental age unit cannot be constant with age, but it shrinks with age advancement. Grade norms are part of the developmental norms, and they are used to portray a person’s educational achievements, and they are mainly employed in school settings. They are achieved by computing the students each grade raw score, and the average is the mean grade (McIntire and Miller, 2007). Grade norms content differ from grade to grade, and they are appropriate only in a common place and for common subjects. The grade norms are applied in primary level and not at the level of high school because; many subjects can be studied for only a short time like one to two years. They are subject to misinterpretations when regarded to as performance standards. Ordinal scale is an approach to developmental norms, and it is derived from child psychology research. It involves developmental behavior empirical observation in young children or infants. This leads to the description of typical behavior in successive developmental stages like locomotive, linguistic formation, sensory discrimination, and concept formation (Vakil et al., 2010). Ordinal scales are used in achieving and identifying the stage attained by a child in specific behavior functions. They provide information of the abilities and capabilities of the child. Within- group norms Within – group norms are formed by almost all the standardized tests. The tests evaluate an individual’s performance and evaluated it in terms of almost comparable standardization grouping performance (Gloudemans, 2000). They have accurately and uniformly defined quantitative meanings, and they are successfully employed in many statistical analyses. Percentiles are part of in- group norms, and they are expressed in terms of percentages of individuals who fall below the given raw score in the standardiza ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Limitations of Norms Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Limitations of Norms Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Limitations of Norms Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Limitations of Norms Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Limitations of Norms Paper Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Limitations of Norms Paper


...?Norms My response: Values that a business manager may make use of in making business decisions are not just ethical values, but also there are several other norms and values that are taught in subjects other than Ethics. For example, in subjects like Law, students are taught about “Workers’ Compensation”. “Worker's compensation is basically an insurance program, mandated by law, that protects employees if they become ill or injured while carrying out the duties of a job” (Holetzky, 2011). The employer is obliged to pay the worker his/her normal day salary if the worker can not attend the job because of his fever or other such reasons. However, these norms are different from ethical...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Destroying social norms

...Destroying Social Norms Throughout history even as late as the early 20th century, women have been virtual slaves to the male-dominated world. Very few women were able to discover a life filled with self-expression and self-determination thanks, in large part, to the restrictions placed on them by their legal and social status. Charlotte Perkins Gilman in “The Yellow Wallpaper” wrote specifically about these female problems by providing a glimpse into the strong mind of a woman who finds herself a prisoner to the external dictates of husband, society and invisible legal status. Although she does her best to resist her confinement using various different means, she discovers she is completely incapable of escaping the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


...?The Response to Concerned Citizens With a diplomatic tone, one can explain that in science, questions answered just invite further questions. In thedetermination of disease pathophysiology, as more researchers work on the field, more and more are discovered about the intricacies of mechanism. For example, if exposure to sunlight increases the risk for skin cancer, the next step will be to determine at what levels will they cause harm to the human body? No one can claim to have all the answers for the risk factors involved in the development of the disease. Such will be too long and too extensive to do. As such, mathematical models should be given room for error when it comes to their limitations. Making mathematical models depend...
3 Pages(750 words)Case Study

Group Roles and Norms

...? Group Think: Group Roles and Norms Introduction Assignment One In 1972, Irving Janis, a social psychologist coined the term to define a social phenomena that causes a group to make faulty decisions even in light of alternatives. The main cause underlying this occurrence is the tendency of group members to respond to external pressures that invalidate their mental efficiency, moral judgment, and reality testing. A factor that indirectly causes groupthink in a group is a commonality in cultural background among the members. In my case, it happened whilst I was an undergraduate student at Columbia University located in New York City. When I joined the campus as a freshman in 2005, I hoped to graduate as a lawyer four years later... consuming...
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay

Reaction Paper: The Power of Norms

...Reaction Paper: The Power of Norms Introduction NORMS are common expectations shared by a group of people concerning the ways one should behave in a certain situation. They characterise the social reality of human behaviour and they are the foundation for any interaction. In this respect, they tend to increase an individual’s identity in cases where they have been used as references for self evaluation. On a wider scale, norms serve various purposes. At the societal level, for instance, they have been used in shaping the behaviour of people through the provision of limits in which individuals receive social approval for their behaviours. This is achieved...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Evolution of Gender Norms

...?Evolution of Gender Norms Introduction The role of women and position has been changing as a result of several issues that were solved through liberation. From a humble and oppressed background beginning in the 1800s, women have been faced by serious challenges that could not be solved by the actions of their male counterpart. Despite women active participation in the struggle for the abolition of slavery, they were sidelined, and several rights denied. The right to vote, own property, child custody among others were issues that the movement started by Elizabeth Stanton (Allan & DeLuzio, 2009, p. 23). The first wave of liberation, which has been named feminism led to the allowance of women to vote. The success, however,...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

Values and norms

...Values and Norms Culture definition The term culture has come to have several meanings, the concept of which first started around eighteenth and nineteenth century Europe. The culture of a particular group of people can be defined in terms of values, norms and folkways. Values A value can be defined as an assumption on the basis of which an ethical action is taken. The value can be personal or culture. A set of values that are consistent is called a value system. The various types of values are: ethical/moral, ideological, religious, political, social and aesthetics values. Norms and folkways Norms can be defined as the set of behaviors and cues that are acceptable within a society and group. Generally a group defines the rules... that...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Norms and Security

...Norms and Security: The Case of International Assassination. The scholarly article by Thomas Ward as it covers in detail the diverse aspects and relations that exist between different states in modern day political environment is a masterpiece of political writing. Thomas Ward in this article discusses in detail, the often over-looked and under estimated policy issue of security, especially security of life of national and most importantly, international political figures. Thomas Ward it goes without saying in a very straight forward manner addresses this controversial policy issue and/or option without mincing any words or by giving a partisan stance to the problem at hand. His article is extremely credible and his...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Norms, Biases and Preferences

... and judgmental errors. Preferences, on the other hand, can be referred to as anthropological, sociological and aesthetic concepts that affect cultural patterns concerned with choice and taste. They involve drawing of distinctions between manners and styles. Preferences are about the ability of man to judge, that which is good, beautiful and proper. The premise of this paper is to interconnect these three aspects and outline how they affect society and the study of society. Social psychologists have for years, differed on the conceptual processes, which they assume generate observable social behavior. While some sociologists have expressed the theory that it is generated by norms, also referred to as standards, others have taken... ...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Norms and Roles

...Norms and Roles Norms and Roles We are group of four working on last project of CST program; (Haolin, Asim, Zhan and Me) it is my first time working with all of them. My MBTI style is ESFJ compare with my teammates, all of them have different style, in fact we have kind of switches between extraverted and introverted. I think it’s hard to work with a group who does not know very well. Actually I think I am the person whose personality is between E and I. Asim often decide the things like when should we work together, he is a planner in our group. I am an organizer in the team, when they both finished their parts, they will send to me to organize to make a whole article. Make things together and sort out...
2 Pages(500 words)Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Limitations of Norms Paper for FREE!

Contact Us