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Child abuse - Research Paper Example

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This paper analyzes the different forms of child abuse as well as their occurrence and causes. It also discusses the effects associated with child abuse and recommends some mitigation measurers. Child abuse is a very serious aspect in the society today, with prevalence of the vice constantly increasing. Cases of child abuse occur on a daily basis, while some of the cases are not visible, as they occur in home settings…
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Child abuse
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Download file to see previous pages Child abuse is the physical and mental harm, sexual abuse, deserted treatment or ill-treatment of a child below age 18 by an individual who is in charge for the child’s wellbeing under conditions, which signify threat to the child’s health, and welfare. Child abuse occurs in various forms including physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse as well as neglect. Examples of physical abuse include shaking, kicking, punching stabbing, or biting of a child. Sexual abuse entails assault with genital contact, intrusion or penetration and other forms of sexual activities in which the molester uses children to obtain sexual gratification. This may also include child pornography and sexual exploitation. (English, 1998). The neglect actions includes failure to give basic needs like shelter, clothing, affection, attention, inadequate supervision, abandonment or even food and also delaying or refusing to give health care. Isolating, corrupting, rejecting, terrorizing or ignoring a child entails the emotional abuses (English, 1998).
There were about 3.3 million referrals for suspected maltreatment to child protective service agencies in 2005. From the estimates, the confirmed maltreatments were about 899,000 cases in the United States. The number of victimization was high for children below the age of three with slightly more than half being girls. Approximately 906,000 similar cases occurred in 2004. In both years, neglect was the overall prevalence followed closely by physical abuse. However, these stand for just a fraction of all neglect and abuse cases per year since many cases goes unreported to protective agencies (Herrenkohl et al, 2008). Causes and Risk Factors of Child Abuse There are several causes and risk factors associated with child abuse. Particularly, parental and caregiver attributes are most common for instance poverty, parental unemployment, and drug abuse. In addition, other risk factors include prevalence of mental disorders in parents or caregivers as well as constant criminality in the family. For instance, parents who engage in criminal activities might mistreat their children to conceal their identity. Other factors that might cause child maltreatment include poor health, lower education, and hopelessness in the family (Herrenkohl et al, 2008). Another factor that can contribute to physical abuse is the domestic violence between the child’s parents or caregivers. This is not only likely to affect the child’s psychological health but it is also evident that male batterers are more violent to their children compared to their non-violent counterparts. In addition, several reports deem that mistreatment of children is high among the women who are victims of domestic violence compared to those who are not victims. Moreover, poverty is also a contributing factor to physical violence since there is an increased use of corporal punishment. According to several studies, family stress due to unemployment can cause child abuse. Neglect is also likely when the family cannot offer the basic needs. However, not all poor people mistreat their children (English, 1998). There are several characteristics of maltreating parents or caregivers, including poor impulse control, low self-esteem, depression, aggressiveness and anxiety. In addition, oth ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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