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Economic development - Coursework Example

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However, some countries were not capable of embracing the technological changes and still used the natural resource-based methods. Challenges, such as…
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Economic development
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Economic Development Reading Productivity Growth in World Agriculture The developments in agricultural production started inthe 20th Century with the introduction of modern scientific methods. However, some countries were not capable of embracing the technological changes and still used the natural resource-based methods. Challenges, such as population rise, increased agricultural production demands and growth in incomes. In this regard, agriculture has helped in the economic development of developing and populous countries. For instance, in the ‘60’s, new perspectives incorporated agricultural science and economics in a bid to transform the sector into capital intensive.
Reading 2: The Next Green Revolution
This reading focuses on the economic development in Africa through agricultural activities. This considers the use of proven agricultural techniques in order to increase the yields for food security purposes. The common challenges faced by African farmers entail soil exhaustion, water insufficiency and distorted economics caused undeveloped infrastructures. This implies that the poor soil fertility hinders the growth of some crops. This is because the local farmers engage in over farming and insufficient crop rotation. The existence of poor infrastructures contributes to high production costs because the farmer cannot access fertilizers and other inputs. Similarly, constant water scarcity due to periodic drought spells also affect Africa’s agricultural sector.
Reading 3: Fanisi’s Choice
This reading discusses the population explosion in developing nations, regardless of the favorable conditions. The author explores the population growth rate of Kenya in which it emerges that adults are free to give birth to any number of children. The people do not care about the availability of health care facilities, food or other aspects. The population explosion concept threatens humanity due to scramble for space, resources and economic activities. The Maragoli documentary depicts the struggles of women across the world since they cannot control birth rates. The underlining aspect of the documentary is that, in reality, population increases, but the amenities remain the same.
Reading 4: The Challenge
The focus of this reading is the developmental challenge of political and criminal violence. It tackles the negative influences of the two aspects, such as destruction of property, death, displacement of people and economic stagnation among others. For instance, children brought up in hostile environments suffer from malnourishments and illiteracy. The millennium development goal (MDG) project has been unable to achieve its objectives of uplifting the living standards in the affected areas. However, countries that have contained violence experience developments in various sectors, which are essential for economic recovery.
Reading 5: Poor Economics
The emphasis in this article is the identification of ways to fight global poverty. This concerns the poor economies that do not have self-sustenance mechanisms. The slow entrepreneurial developments and insufficient capital hinder economic growth of the developing countries. The author uses examples of individuals who experience separate challenges of food, facilitates and resource allocation. There is also the aspect of supply and demand wars that affect education, leading to mass illiteracy and lack of creativity.
Reading 6: Global debt and Third World Development
The massive arrears forced upon German by the Allied Powers were a historical contributor of global debt. This is because it led to degradation of people and consequences of criminal activities. It is apparent that the German deficit facilitated global debt crisis through the desperate economic conditions across the developing countries. The nations that relied on German for resources had to suffer from this debt because of the budget deficits that faced their vital economic sectors (Klare 332-55).
Work Cited
Klare, Michael T. World Security: Challenges for a New Century. 2nd ed. New York: St.
Martins, 1994. Print. Read More
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