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Russians as Collectively and Symbolically the Elite of the Soviet System - Research Paper Example

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This paper considers linguistic, ideological, historical and political dimensions of this question in turn and finally determines how far the Russians during the Soviet years were rulers of that system and how far they were victims. In the literature concerning modern Russian history…
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Download file to see previous pages The linguistic theories do not bring much clarity to this debate, but there were some clearer factors at work on other fronts. One of Hosking’s main arguments revolves around the ideological heritage of Russia. He notes that Russia borrowed many ideas from the West because there was no single unifying indigenous belief system with which to foster national unity but that also “As part of its self-demarcation against the West, Russia actually generated two messianic ideas, one associated with Orthodoxy, the other with socialism.” (Hosking, 2006, p. 8). These two “messianic” ideologies clashed, and also only partially matched the community spirit of the Russian people which, Hosking argues, led to ongoing turbulence in the twentieth century. Stability was reached in what Hosking terms “neo-Russian imperialism” (Hosking, 206, p. 235) which revived many of the old thought patterns of the Tsarist period. It appears that communism did not eradicate these old anti-revolutionary tendencies, it merely buried them in a shallow grave, to re-emerge and haunt the struggling mature Soviet Union. Ambiguities in the position of Russia can be traced back to the early days of the revolution, when there was suspicion of intellectuals, aristocrats and any persons or groups closely identified with the Tsars was at its absolute height. The whole Russian ethnic people could be interpreted as coming into this category, and this explains why in the setting up of Communist Soviet systems, the Russians were treated differently, and arguably more harshly than any other ethnic group. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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