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Text of Comparative Politics - Assignment Example

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The author of the "Text of Comparative Politics" paper analyzes 3 English texts, two by Colin Hay and one by Peter Hall have to be compared with the text of Somers and Block. The majority of these articles stress the importance of neoliberalism since the late 1970s in Britain and the United States…
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Download file to see previous pages For their case study, Somers and Block chose to use for their examination was the social and political motivation behind the New Poor Law of 1834 in England and Wales, compared with the United States social security legislation passed during 1996. The main objective of the article by Somers and Block is to argue that these two pieces of legislation were intended to decrease the level of welfare provision in their respective countries. Such a reduction was they argued due to the growing influence of free-market ideology, which regarded all such provision as morally wrong, as well as encouraging people not to work.

For the people that introduced the New Poor Law and the American social security legislation, there was a strong belief that all existent welfare measures were making people totally reliant on benefits rather than working to support themselves. Not only were welfare provisions too generous, they were actually bad for society as a whole as people on benefits became lazy and also had larger families than they could actually afford to support by themselves. The people that would introduce the New Poor Law believed that the existing Poor Laws encouraged people that were not married to have children as well, which at that time many respectable people deemed to be morally and socially unacceptable, not to mention a burden for the local ratepayers. Critics of the old Poor Laws could only see the disadvantages of that system, the expense for the local ratepayers and the perceived unwillingness of the poor to find enough work to sustain their families. The old Poor Law had the advantage of keeping the majority of families together in their existing homes, the Poor Laws promoted social stability, which was what they had always been intended to achieve.3 The passing of the New Poor Laws was a demonstration of the increasing ability of the entrepreneurial classes in gaining substantial influence in political, economic and social policymaking in Britain during the 1830s and beyond. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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