The writer if this essay "The Welfare State in the United Kingdom" aims to outline what is meant by the term 'state welfare' and why it came into being. Furthermore, the author will critically evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of this approach to welfare in the UK…
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The Labour government implemented a comprehensive welfare system in the United Kingdom. This effort was mainly concentrated in the period 1945 to 1951. In the year 1948, the National Health Service or the NHS Act 1946 was enacted. This act was instrumental in introducing a publicly administered health care system in the UK (Weisser & Kishlansky, 2007). Since 1979, the UK government was remarkably reluctant to allocate funds for welfare measures. This resulted in the poor performance of welfare programmes. However, the voluntary organizations came to the rescue and have enabled these programmes to run effectively. Nevertheless, the projected targets could not be reached, which resulted in the improper distribution of resources. As a result, the people belonging to the middle classes could not receive proper welfare and education (Welfare state , 2006). The New Labour government modified welfare to make it compatible with the market forces. This government has been very successful in mustering the work force. It has increased the employment opportunities for women employees. At the same time it has managed to drastically bring down the poverty level. Nevertheless, it has faced major problems, with regard to the private welfare providers. The New Labour has found it quite difficult to either control or motivate these welfare providers. It has also met with mixed success in respect of achieving the market goals, ensuring sufficient income for everyone and providing adequate motivation.
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(The Welfare State in the United Kingdom Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words)
“The Welfare State in the United Kingdom Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1544921-outline-what-is-meant-by-the-term-state-welfare-and-why-it-came-into-being-critically-evaluate-the-strengths-and-weaknesses-of-this-approach-to-welfare.
In particular it considers the inequalities the welfare state sought to redress,but also point out inequalities in more recent years,and the possible reasons behind these.This essay will deal with the British Welfare System and the inequalities it sought to remedy in such areas as education, employment opportunities,justice and health.
When the Romans invaded the land of Britain they implemented the concept of state there. The British rulers were looking forward to the wellbeing of its subjects. Later the concept of welfare state took its root in Britain, after Germany. The welfare state in Britain was begun with the Labour party government of Clement Attlee in 1945.
United Kingdom Reforms
The act is relevant to contracts where ownership of goods transferred or agreed to be transferred has been paid. The queen enacted the 1995 Act after consent from the House of Commons, to fill gaping loopholes in the Sales of Goods Act 1979, which failed to protect buyers in a situation where a supplier was bankrupt.
According to historical documentation of trade unions and the regulation of industrial relations, the late nineteenth century and the early twentieth century saw the legislation of laws that allowed trade unions to exercise full authority in determining the relation between industries and their employees (Smith and Moreton, 2001:121).
To complement these needs, education, healthcare, employment and other related social concerns must be accounted for in order to enhance social welfare. The state or the government plays a fundamental role in controlling all variables that critically account for individual and social welfare.
Particularly, it also addresses the issues of needs affecting the users of the different social services such as poverty, old age, health, disability, as well as family policy. Moreover, social policy is also concerned in the delivery of the welfare that the social services could provide the society.
The main analytical tools are based on the historical-institutionalist approach with an emphasis on both how the state controlled and regulated the voluntary sector through institutional adaptations, and how the voluntary sector opted to react through exit, loyalty and voice in response to state intervention.
"Political system under which the state (rather than the individual or the private sector) has responsibility for the welfare of its citizens, providing a guaranteed minimum standard of life, and insurance against the hazards of poverty, illness, and social deprivation.
The NHS is managed by the United Kingdom, Department of Health and is funded by the tax payer.1 The NHS provides nation wide health care services to include the following:-
The NHS is a continuously evolving organisation and has been adapting to the emerging health environment.
However, unlike any other European Union nations, the United Kingdom is said to be different in such a way that Margaret Thatcher and the Conservative Party after 1979 had left a considerable imprint on the British welfare system. Thatcher and the Conservative Party had made a tremendous impact in the political party in the United Kingdom making it more unique than the other UE nations.
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