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The European Union comprises of a majority of states in Europe. Starting from a membership of 6 nations it has grown to 27. The 1957 Treaty of Rome was the foundation for the European Union. Since then it has experienced many changes. The EU consists of common project and policies controlled by member nations. World War 2 was a watershed in the history of Europe. There had never been such a tremendous cost in human and economic which hit Europe so hard. There was a desire to avoid the horrors of war like the Holocaust, concentration camps, slave labour and the numerous other atrocities which were perpetrated in the war. There was also a yearning for an end to warfare since the horrors of modern warfare had been exposed in the conflict. The cold war was also developing between the Soviet Union and United States. The threat of annihilation from nuclear weapons remained. Charlemagne and The Holy Roman Empire were both historical examples of attempts to unite Europe. The Arab conquest of Spain, South France and Italy also led to the idea of a united Christendom against the Moors. There were also ideas about the peaceful unification of European following the threat from the Ottoman Turks. The end of the American Revolution also led to calls for a similar United States of Europe. The rise of nationalism and fascism in the 1930s would however destroy any dreams of United Europe.
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The European Union brings together several countries within Europe thus developing a common market necessitated by the use of a single currency. As an economic body, the European Union unifies the European market thus permitting goods and services to flow freely by permitting investors from member states to invest in any country.
Accordingly, the European Union has evolved dramatically in the wake of the collapse of the Soviet Union and has recently undergone multiple stages of expansion. Bulgaria and Romania are the two most recent inductees into this exclusive club and full Bulgarian integration into the European Union has been stymied by a variety of domestic factors.
There is quite an elongated roll of high historical characters, which, in pretty diverse ways, trailed an idea of integrated Europe. These personalities are Charlemagne, Napolen, Charles V, and Metternich. Incidentally, even the infamous and notorious personages as Adolf Hitler, did intend to deliver a wicked thought of one Europe.
Today we all are used to the fact that most European countries are united in the alliance called the European Union ( the EU), however not all of us are familiar with the history of its arrival as well as the reasons that caused it to be established. In my paper I would like to present the history of the establishment of the EU, describing the motives for its creation as well as the outcomes.
"It maintains common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional development" (Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.).
EU has pursued the enlargement policy with an ever-deeper integration while taking in new members. The "growing member ship" is part of the development of European integration (European Commission).
As Herbert Biggs explains, the Treaty of Paris was proposed and passed at a time when Europe, politically and economically weakened by World War II, realized that it would not be able to restore its previous political and economic influence were it not to enter into closer regional economic cooperation and plan for political and economic integration.
The knock-on-effect-changing model will likewise be utilized in this realm. Likewise, literatures on the concept of labor and employment will be used, alongside those pertaining to migration, low pay, and shortage of employees. The labor market dynamics model will be discussed in synergy to these.
The European Union has various activities including the most important of all – a common single market. This market consists of a common agricultural policy, common fisheries policy, customs union and single currency adopted by twelve of the twenty-five member states.
The creation of trading blocs or unions is often a political and legal process that takes into consideration various issues in the two fields for effective functioning.
One of the unions that has been successful in the achievement of set goals and objectives according to its
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