StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Turkish Lobby in the European Union - Case Study Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
EU Lobbying Under Spotlight: MEPs Put EU Lobbying Under Spotlight Ahead of Report. (2007). [Online]. European Parliament. Last accessed 26 November 2008 at: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/news/public/focus_page/008-25231-168-06-25-901-20080331FCS25217-16-06-2008-2008/default_p001c001_en.htm 58
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.3% of users find it useful
Turkish Lobby in the European Union
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Turkish Lobby in the European Union"

Download file to see previous pages Such a situation arose because rulers cannot be expected to know all the problems faced by their subjects. Hence, people have used various methods by which their views can be heard and understood by whatever power that governs them. This process developed to a situation where a group of influential persons were able to make a ruler comply to their wishes. This process known to the modern world as lobbying has been going on ever since a structured form of governance has existed. At present, lobbying plays a powerful role in influencing decisions of governments across the world. This process has developed to such an extent that a powerful lobby can influence even the governments of other countries. This paper is an attempt at studying the lobbying process that exists in Turkey with regard to the European Union. Turkey, has been trying to get full membership in the Union for a long time. In fact, the process started way back in September1959 when Turkey applied for an associate membership in what was the European Economic Council (EEC). (EU Turkey Relations 2004). The timeline for the accession process is given here. After four years, in September 1963, the Ankara Agreement came into force where Turkey is to be taken into the Customs Union and also for full membership in the EEC. A financial protocol is also signed during this period. In 1970 an Additional Protocol and a second financial protocol is made and signed. This was in September of that year in Brussels. Both these were regarding the setting up of the Customs Union. Before accession could take place, Turkey invaded Cyprus in 1974 and this created problems for accession since Cyprus was also a part of Europe. A military coup in the country on September 12, 1980 worsened the relationship between the Community and Turkey still further. Even so, the Community agreed to decrease customs duties gradually until it was to be removed totally, on Turkish agricultural products by the year 1987. The membership process came to a standstill until it was revived by the Turkish EEC Association Council in 1986.
On April 14th 1987, turkey applies for full membership in the council instead of an Associate member. It took two years, until December 1989 for the ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Turkish Lobby in the European Union Case Study”, n.d.)
Retrieved de https://studentshare.org/politics/1529245-turkish-lobby-in-the-european-union
(Turkish Lobby in the European Union Case Study)
https://studentshare.org/politics/1529245-turkish-lobby-in-the-european-union.
“Turkish Lobby in the European Union Case Study”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1529245-turkish-lobby-in-the-european-union.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Turkish Lobby in the European Union

European Union

... Why the European Union should stay intact and even expand? Introduction The question if the European Union shouldexpand is very relevant and worth-discussing. For a long time the process of expansion has been considered as positive for European prosperity. Thus, during the last eight years, the European Union has expanded from 15 to 27 states. Given that the process of expansion is properly implemented, it promotes the transformation of many European countries into democratic and prosperous states. However, many people still consider the process of EU further enlargement to be harmful for European welfare. The given paper will prove that European Union still should expand, but it is be necessary to stop this process on time. The European...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

European Union

..., but all acts, decisions, rules and so on, that are enabled by the EU Treaties. This would necessarily include Directives, Regulations and decisions by the ECJ. Moreover, Article 46 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (Consolidation Edition) 2012, confers upon the EU the authority to enact Directives.28Thus, in stating that the Treaties of the EU will have direct effect in the UK without further enactment, the UK also recognizes that the EU can enact Directives and that in doing so, the UK is bound by the treaties itself and this includes the Directive enabling article. Section 2 of the European Communities Act 1972 also indorses all rights arising under the Treaty and this would necessarily include Directives. Thus even...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

European Union

... International business law falls under the ambit of public international law. Basically, “public international aw governs the relations between states. It comprises a body of rules and principles which seek to regulate relations between states,” (Dugard, 1994, p.2). As such, the European Union (EU) falls under public international law since it involves different states. This is clearly outlined by the European Union (2013) when it states that “the European Union is based on the rule of law. This means that every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties that have been approved voluntarily and democratically by all EU member countries.” As such, this part of the paper seeks to outline the development of the EU and how its operations...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper

European union

...? National Laws and Treaties National Laws and Treaties The level of agreements and relationships between the Domestic Court of the Europen and the European court of Justice (ECJ) has brought great conflicts and controversies in the interpretation and administration of the law in relation to the established treaties. United Kingdom is European states, other than this, the economies in European States are closely interlinked thus the legal matters arising are heavily intertwined and largely interlinked. Further, the legal issues involving these states are largely influenced by the EU Treaties and the Conventional Human Rights of Europe1. In addition to this, public law involving the commerce in European Union has fundamental significance:2...
4 Pages (1000 words) Essay

Motivation for Turkish entry to the European Union

...? Political, Economic and Cultural Motivation for Turkish Entry to the European Union Introduction In shaping Europe’s history, the Second World War has played a significant role. Before the Second World War, there were not many ideological distinctions between European countries. Immediately after WWII, Eastern Europe came under the control of the Soviet Union or communist regime whereas Western Europe continued under the democratic regimes. In other words, Soviet Union strengthened its control in Eastern Europe whereas America did the same in Western Europe. As a result of that the tensions of the Cold War between America and Soviet Union were visible in Europe until the cold war ends during the latter parts of twentieth century. Soon...
20 Pages (5000 words) Essay

European Union

...Introduction The monetary and economic revolution embodied in the European Union (EU) entails far more than the elimination of 25 national currencies and the distribution of colourful new banknotes and coins across Europe. Chabot stated that this revolution involves the solidification of a European market of goods and services, major structural changes in countries plagued by fiscal negligence, and the reorganization of monetary policy in some of the world's most advanced industrialized economies (3). Chabot continues that though at a first glance it may seem that a new trans-European currency [and economic policies] would hold little significance outside of banking and tourist circles, the European Union [through its euro currency] has...
13 Pages (3250 words) Essay

European Union

...EUROPEAN UNION The negative outcomes of its various policies and the series of failed attempts of its ambitious economic reform policies, requires the Union to promptly overhaul its infrastructure and revamp its management policies. Some of the reforms undertaken by the European Union such as the Common Agricultural Policy, Competition Policy, Science and Technology Policy, Regional Policy and Social Policy and their resultant outcomes are described briefly in the following sections. The CAP of the European Union has undergone several significant reforms since the beginning of the year 1990 which commenced with the seeking increased reduction on the market price support, and a support for direct payments (1992, and 1999 reforms...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

European Union

...Running head: European Union Introduction The European Union (EU) is an international organization consisting of twenty-five European states. The Maastricht Treaty established this union. The Treaty of Accession 2003, which got into force on May 1, 2004, is the union’s current legal base. It has its headquarters in Brussels. The European Union has various activities including the most important of all – a common single market. This market consists of a common agricultural policy, common fisheries policy, customs union and single currency adopted by twelve of the twenty-five member states. The union also has a range of initiatives to manage the member states’ activities (Ocana, 2003). The member states benefit from both internal...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

European Union

... European Union With globalization process and the economic liberalization, it has become paramount for countries to engage each other in trade partnership and international exchanges programs. The formation of trade unions and other trading blocs has been fueled by the increase in the need for economic integration and economic unions. Globally, countries and continents are engaging in bilateral or multi-lateral trade partnerships for the benefit of its trading partners. The need for the formation of economic and trade unions is prompted by the fact that these countries have different forms of economic and resource endowments thereby creating relative and comparative trade advantages. In this respects, each countries specializes...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

European Union

...European Union Croatia is the 28th member of the EU. Once it joined the EU, it declared its maximum support for the EU goals. In all the new post-socialist EU states, Croatia is the first member country that is post-conflict. Croatia’s neighboring states strive to become EU members even when the union is in crisis (Vukadinovic, 2013). In the EU, the Treaty Functioning of the European Union (TEFU) is like the jewel in EU law’s crown. This is because it gives the national court power to follow up with Court of Justice and request it to make rulings regarding EU legal act. Considerable variations exist in the diverse member states and this is apparent especially in situations concerning their making use of TEFU in their references (Broberg...
1 Pages (250 words) Assignment

European Business Environment

The EU makes legislation that has to be implemented by twenty – seven Member States. Despite the fact that ministers of the United Kingdom actively participate in the discussions stage and in decision making, the fact remains that all the Member States collectively arrive at the final decision.
The European Economic Community was founded by the Treaty of Rome on the 25th of March, 1957. Its preamble states that a major goal or the EEC was to abolish international trade restrictions adopting a suitable commercial policy. However, this was never achieved, because, the purpose of forming the EEC was to empower the Member States against its economic rivals who did not belong to the EEC. An extreme example of such protection...
11 Pages (2750 words) Assignment

A Single European Market

The EC community went a step further and created a common currency called the Euro in 1999. Most member states accepted the Euro, with the most notable exception being the United Kingdom which holds in the Pound currency one of the most valued currencies in the world. The SEM framework inspired greater joint laws in order aspects of administrating a region such as common laws in farming and fishery. The evolution of the European Community attracted greater sums of foreign direct investment into the continent. Europe also changed the way its strategic focus in many industrial sectors in the 21st century to compete in the global economy. This report analyzes the European region by dividing the paper into seven major topics: Single E...
11 Pages (2750 words) Assignment

Napoleon and the Transformation of European States and Societies

Napoleon’s unyielding battle cry required huge recruitment into the army, the radical aspect of the modern state that created the main inconsistencies of the Empire making his rule remain contentious (Brown, 2007).

The period of Napoleon, that is 1801-1805, is marked as the formation of the Grande Armee1 and the allied armies of European empires demonstrating warmongering tendencies. It wa5snt just France and Napoleon but also Great Britain, Russia, Austria, and Prussia that were belligerent empires, as is obvious from the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna in 1814-18152. The new geopolitics and resolutions thus resulted in continued till 1848 when revolutions across the continent ended the Vienna arrangement. The...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

The European Convention For the Protection of Human Rights

Although the European Court of Justice has interpreted the Convention as imposing positive obligations on member states, the text of the Convention itself belies such a claim. Moreover, the supremacy of the provisions contained in the Convention functions to compromise the predictability and consistency of national laws with the result that it places an undue burden on member states. 

The House of Lords together with the House of Commons in its Twenty-sixth Report titled, Joint Committee on Human Rights distinguishes between negative and positive obligations in the context of the European Convention on Human Rights. The joint committee offered the following explanation:

“Most of the ECHR rights are...
14 Pages (3500 words) Term Paper

The Leading Role in the European Literature of Leo Tolstoy

In contrast to other writers of his generation, Tolstoy was connected with noble families of the Russian aristocracy, who had brilliant French pronunciation and manners. At the same time, he was a person full of antagonism. When Leo was nine he became an orphan. Tolstoy’s upbringing was in the hands of Madam Egorsky. Having lost the parents Tolstoy became a rather difficult child. He was a naughty boy with unexpected deeds, thoughts, ideas, but very kind-hearted (Derrick Leon, 1944, p. 54).

In contrast to other writers of his generation, Tolstoy was connected with noble families of the Russian aristocracy, who had brilliant French pronunciation and manners. At the same time, he was a person full of antagonism. Whe...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

The Trade Union Movement in the UK

Before the ERA 1999, union membership and recognition in the UK were characterized by voluntarism, in which employers and employees could bargain over the terms and conditions of employment without any legal interference. With the statutory system ushered in by the new law, voluntary recognition of unions is no longer allowed and it becomes unlawful for British employers to deny recognition to unions under any circumstances. That conveys the impression that ERA created a radical change in British industrial relations. This paper takes the contrary view, however, and proposes that while the new industrial relations law looks revolutionary in principle, there are no fundamental changes in actuality for the change to qualify as &ldqu...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Cultural Value Orientations: German vs. Turkish

When organizational culture is discussed in the context of national culture, it is based on certain assumptions. According to Schein (2004 qt. Browaeys and Price 2008) culture can be defined as:

"...a set of basic assumptions - shared solutions to universal problems of external adaptation (how to survive) and internal integration (how to stay together) - which have evolved over time and are handed down from one generation to the next".

External adaptation here refers to factors or culture which the management can control while internal integration means the relationship which binds them to the group. In this context management styles and approaches are often influenced by the cultural value orientation - that...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study

Benefit of Partnership to Company, Trade Union and Government

The John Lewis model of partnership states that the ultimate purpose of business is the happiness of all its members. Hence, when partners “share the responsibilities of ownership as well as its rewards of profit, knowledge, and power”, it is mutually beneficial to all members of the organization (ILO, 1996). The partnership can be a part of the commitment to pluralism and also a part of the non-union agenda (Bacon & Storey, 2000). The national agreement Partnership 2000 defines workplace partnership as “an active relationship based on recognition of common interest to secure the competitiveness, viability, and prosperity of the enterprise” (Doherty, 2008). The interest in the partnership has arisen due...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

European Union Policy: Turkey

...Running Head: European Union.... Topic: European union policy Order#: 377392 Topic: European union policy Profile of Turkey-history, geography and population: “Area: Approx 780,000 sq km (300,000 sq miles) Population: 71.9m (July 2008 est) Capital city: Ankara People: Majority Turks. Minorities recognised under the Turkish Constitution: Jews, Armenians and Greeks. Other ethnic peoples include Kurds, Circassians and Bosnians. Language: Turkish (official), Kurdish Religion: Muslim Currency: Turkish Lira (TL) Government: Parliamentary republic. Membership of international...
9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

Global Employee Information and Consultation: Replicating the European Model

A significant step to enhancing the employees’ right to information and consultation is the establishment of the European Works Council (EWC). The EWC Directive (94/45/EC) aims to improve cooperation in transnational companies and to allow trade unions to influence, at least indirectly, the decision-making of corporations (Lockwood and Williams). It requires community-scale undertakings and community-scale groups of undertaking to create this mechanism for regular consultation of the workforce. A ‘community-scale undertaking’ is one with at least 1,000 employees within the Member States and at least 150 employees in each of at least two Member States (Lewis and Sargeant).

An EWC is a forum that would a...
9 Pages (2250 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Case Study on topic Turkish Lobby in the European Union for FREE!

Contact Us