Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Go to advanced search...

Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
The decline of the Soviet Union in the early 90s has definitely ushered in a dilemma into the realm of historical understanding. Should the decline of Soviet Union ought to be interpreted as a direct outcome of the military dominance ushered in by the Regan administration or were the reasons for Soviet demise embedded deep into the political, economic and cultural framework of this ex-superpower Understanding the decline of Soviet Union poses some utterly tough challenges to the contemporary historians…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.7% of users find it useful
Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency"

Download file to see previous pages By the late 80s, if the cold war was becoming a major limitation for the Soviet Union, the US administration was also getting cognizant of the constraints being posed by that icy conflict. Thus a thorough understanding of the decline of the Soviet Union during the Gorbachev era raises many hitherto unexpected issues (Dukes, 1993). Therefore the onus for the decline of the Soviet Union both before and after Gorbachev needs to be interpreted in the context of the socio-economic, political and cultural changes that defined the Soviet Union in 1991.
Communism was as much an economic and social doctrine as a political strategy. It is really surprising to note that the Bolsheviks primarily came to power by riding on a band wagon of simple economic promises that is the extension of food, clothing and shelter to the suffering masses (Sviderskii, 1930). Hence the demise of the Soviet Union was as much a failure of the Communist economic model, as a victory of the Western democratic and capitalist ideals.
The Gorbachev era was the culmination of a long history of disastrous economic policies pursued by the successive soviet regimes over the decades. So the decline of the Soviet Union when Gorbachev came to power needs to be understood in the subaltern context of the failure of the Soviet state to provide the basic means of sustenance to the masses. Food definitely constitutes an important aspect of this state failure on the part of the communist regime.
In the late 20s, the Soviet regime went ahead with a positive note in the sense that it supported the idea of allowing for private agriculture and the free market economy pertaining to food grains, while retaining the Communist Party's hold over the basic market frameworks (Sviderskii, 1930). However, the agents of doom were let lose when Stalin decided in favour of the state control over agriculture and the production and the management of food stocks (Gaider, 2007). Stalin chose to do so despite the cautions extended by many of his trusted comrades like Bukharin and Rykov (Gaider, 2007).
The pursuance of this food policy between 1920 and 1950 resulted in a sharp decline in the Soviet agricultural production, despite the fact that it had access to some of the largest farming tracts in the world (Desai, 1986). In fact Nikita Khrushchev wrote a letter delivered to many of his friends, mentioning that, "In the last fifteen years we have not increased the collection of grain. Meanwhile we are experiencing a radical increase of urban population. How can we resolve this problem (Gaider, 2007)"
At some time in the 50s, the Soviet planners alarmed by this scarcity, put their heads together to grapple with this pressing issue and several options were ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Soviet Union During Gorbachev Presidency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words)
“Soviet Union During Gorbachev Presidency Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency

Collaspe of the Soviet Union

...?How and why did the collapse of the Soviet Union change the meaning of the West? The collapse of the Soviet Union represented the largest coupe of the western hemisphere, specifically the United States which had engaged in a “cold war” with this nation for close to 50 years. In understanding how the collapse affected the west it is important to understand what the collapse entailed. Until 1991 there had been two major superpowers battling for supremacy, this occurred in many areas; space travel, economics and the aggregation of various cultures and countries. This was accomplished through direct interference and outside pressure using various propaganda approaches as well as financial and physical methods. The West up to this point had...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Question about Soviet Union

...? Everything you think you know about the collapse of the Soviet Union is wrong The article ‘Everything you think you know about the collapse of the Soviet Union is wrong’ by Leon Aron, deals with the grass root level reason behind the unexpected collapse of communism in Soviet Union. The author concludes the article by pointing out that collapse of the Soviet Union at the beginning of 1990s is related to the intellectual and moral uprising from the side of the mass. Within this context, the policies implemented by Mikhail Gorbachev (Glasnost and Perestroika) accelerated the collapse of the Soviet Union. Thesis statement: In the article ‘Everything you think you know about the collapse of the Soviet Union is wrong’ Leon Aron states...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Post soviet union literature

...? Post Soviet Union Literature Russia has experienced a quick change in the style and form of literatures by the national authors after the decision to promote glasnost or allowing free discussion in both speech and transition of culture was allowed. It is worth noting that even despite lifting the censorship, the book market was highly affected by economic and political chaos leading into several book printing industry falling and eventually reducing the number of printed books. Nevertheless, detective stories and thrillers have turned out to be very successful in the 1990s and a decade later, Boris Akunin’s 19th century sleuth became very popular. Boris Akunin is a prominent Russian author of suspense fiction who is known for Fandorin...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

Soviet Union Involvement in Afghanistan

This was how the relationship between the two countries began which was to leave a long lasting impact on both the countries. This association saw periods of ups and downs. There were times when there were strong links between the two countries and there were also times when nothing significant happened for years (Freedman, 1991).
Afghanistan was a newly born state and at this time it needed assistance and help from its neighbors and this backing was provided to it by the Soviet Union. In the time period from 1919 up to 1929 the relations between the two countries were very friendly and they moved at a swift pace. Technicians and trained personnel flew in from the Soviet Union to build the infrastructure in Afghanistan and al...
9 Pages (2250 words) Essay

Collapse of the Soviet Union

... in the large republic that were faced with the problems of poor housing, drug abuse and alcoholism, pollution, dilapidated factories that were built during the regime of Stalin and corruption in the corridors of power. All these facts were not known to the public before as the official media was clever in concealing these facts from the people. The people started having a negative perspective about on the Soviet Union as they had been previously fed with everything that seemed good about the country and this was a tell-tale sign that the country was heading for the rocks. Though the motive behind Gorbachev’s changes were good as he wanted to revive the economy of the Soviet Union, strengthen its democracy and make the market of the Soviet...
10 Pages (2500 words) Term Paper

Hungary taxation system during and after soviet union

.... This paper discusses about the Hungary taxation system during and after Soviet Union. Also, outlines several changes that were evident in a clear and outright way. In the early 1950s, Hungary, like the other European countries embraced the soviet economic model which was introduced by Stalin. The design constituted of one sided preparations for war and emphasized on industrial self-sufficiency. This led to centralized managed system replacing the market and the market prices. This model was not fit for Hungary as it was a country with a population of 10 million people and had an economic background that was different from the Soviet Unions. The result of this was that the one fourth of the gross national product increase was wasted...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Three Systems of Law within the European Union

The significance of ‘direct effect’ was enunciated in Van Gend en Loos v Nederlandse Administratie der Belastingen CMLR [1963] 105. In this case, the European Court of Justice ruled that ‘The Community constitutes a new legal order of international law for the benefit of which the States have limited their sovereign rights, albeit within limited fields, and the subject of which comprise not only the Member States but also their nationals...It follows from the foregoing conclusions that, according to the spirit, the general scheme and the wording of the Treaty, Art. 12 must be interpreted as producing direct effects and creating individual rights which national courts must protect.’

The doctrine o...
13 Pages (3250 words) Assignment

The Foreign Policy of the European Union

There was a need for the same as well more so because the rulers of the respective nations wanted their own particular identity and this brings us to the question that if they needed such an identity what was the need of having European Union (EU)? They could have easily made a body comprising of two or for that matter three countries and enacted their own policies and gone about it in the long run but bringing all the European nations together to a single platform only means that there was a courteous move behind the very same. There was an understanding that since these nations had so much in common amongst each other, thus there should be an understanding as concerns to their oneness and unity which could only be achieved throu...
12 Pages (3000 words) Term Paper

Putins Foreign Policy Changes during His First Presidential Term

Our world, since its ‘origination’ has been a ‘hotbed’ of activity. Activity in the sense, we humans have been showing activeness both mentally and physically, which have transformed our globe from a primitive one to an advanced one. The activities are normally carried out by humans, organizing or segregating themselves into different countries or nations. It is common knowledge that for a country to reach the top echelons, its leader has to be very capable and strong. That is, a capable and strong leader will only be able to provide a better life and future for his/her country and its citizens. From time immemorial, the success or failure of a country depends on the role, the leader plays. The leader is th...
82 Pages (20500 words) Dissertation

An Analysis of the Differences in Brain Processes of Males and Females during Language Tasks

Such is the case with the development of cognitive functions and language skills. While the brain may have complexities that we simply haven’t even yet scratched the surface of, seemingly every day there are advancements in our knowledge of brain functions.

MRI’s and various cognitive function tests have shown that males and females use different parts of their brains while performing the exact same language tasks; the biological basis for this is due to the organizing effects of testosterone and estrogen. Females have long been known to be slightly ahead of males as far as language skills at younger ages, but this could also be attributed to the fact that overall females develop earlier than males and reach...
7 Pages (1750 words) Case Study

The Trade Union Movement in the UK

Before the ERA 1999, union membership and recognition in the UK were characterized by voluntarism, in which employers and employees could bargain over the terms and conditions of employment without any legal interference. With the statutory system ushered in by the new law, voluntary recognition of unions is no longer allowed and it becomes unlawful for British employers to deny recognition to unions under any circumstances. That conveys the impression that ERA created a radical change in British industrial relations. This paper takes the contrary view, however, and proposes that while the new industrial relations law looks revolutionary in principle, there are no fundamental changes in actuality for the change to qualify as &ldqu...
8 Pages (2000 words) Case Study

Production of Lustre Painted Ceramics During the Fatimid Period

Glazed ceramics represent a very small percentage of the total ceramic production during the medieval Muslim world. The majority of domestic earthenware comprised unglazed storage and transport jars for items such as grain, oil and water, and unglazed bowls, platters and receptacles, which were made for the kitchens, pharmacy or the market shop. However, glazed and painted ceramics were highly sought commodities in urban as well as courtly settings2.

Medieval sources refer to pottery or ceramics as Khazar, fakhkhar, and chadar, and the generic term sini is used particularly for fine glazed ceramics. The term sini is derived from the Arabic word for China – al-Sin – since both potters and consumers of the med...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

Benefit of Partnership to Company, Trade Union and Government

The John Lewis model of partnership states that the ultimate purpose of business is the happiness of all its members. Hence, when partners “share the responsibilities of ownership as well as its rewards of profit, knowledge, and power”, it is mutually beneficial to all members of the organization (ILO, 1996). The partnership can be a part of the commitment to pluralism and also a part of the non-union agenda (Bacon & Storey, 2000). The national agreement Partnership 2000 defines workplace partnership as “an active relationship based on recognition of common interest to secure the competitiveness, viability, and prosperity of the enterprise” (Doherty, 2008). The interest in the partnership has arisen due...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

European Union Policy: Turkey

AD 47-57  St. Paul spreads Christianity and a community at Antioch is established, 638-718 Muslim Arabs besiege Constantinople,1453 The fall of Constantinople - the birth of Istanbul,1854 Crimean war,1914 Turkey allies with Germany in the first world war,1923 Foundation of the modern Republic of Turkey by Mustafa Kemal Ataturk, 1985-90 Full EU membership for Turkey impeded by Cypriot issue and questions over human rights record,1991-93 Suleyman Demirel elected Prime Minister, inflation at 70%,1993-96, Demirel President, Tansu Ciller Prime Minister, Turkey joins EU Customs Union.1997-98 5 attempts at forming coalition governments, Islamic Welfare party disbanded, reforms as Virtue and is the largest single party in parliame...

9 Pages (2250 words) Case Study

Energy Expenditure During Walking and Jogging

Although walking is frequently dismissed as too easy or not difficult enough by fitness experts, the exercise itself bestows just as much benefit to the exerciser as jogging or running, with less of the jarring effects of more intense locomotion. This leads to a dramatically lower dropout rate of participants, meaning staying motivated is simpler on a walking regimen. Jogging, in contrast, requires additional effort without statistically significant improvements in time used in the workout, which leads to questions of whether walking or jogging is the more beneficial activity given the same resources. Based on the evidence that negates claims of an advantage for jogging, and evidence that jogging can lead to damage of body structu...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Minimum Wages during Economic Downturns

The effects of changes in the minimum wage are often tremendous and impact differently to the employers. This paper presents the resulting effects of an increase of minimum wage to employers in the American economy (Papps, Pg. 46).
The main intention of a minimum wage is that of boosting families with low income out of poverty. This concept has however been proved to be wrong because an increase in the wage has not changed the lives of the workers. It has served however to enable them to increase their purchasing power and adjust to their unresolved needs and not to alleviate them from poverty. Unfortunately, apart from all these good intentions, there are several adverse effects that have been associated with the imposition...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Soviet Union during Gorbachev Presidency for FREE!

Contact Us