StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...

Post-Soviet Russia - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
From the October revaluation 1917 Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) established and struggled for classless society with Marxist ideology. Being a superpower USSR played a balanced role in words politics as a threat for USA. The global politics was defined by extreme competition between two superpowers from 1945 to 1991…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER91.1% of users find it useful
Post-Soviet Russia
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Post-Soviet Russia"

Download file to see previous pages The primordial president of the Russian Federation was Boris Yeltsin, a former member of the old Soviet Politburo who declared the moribund of the old Soviet-style regime. The reforms that he advocated pointed the country in the direction of democracy and a free-market economy. A small vested group and advisers took control from the debilitated president, and they ran the country as an oligarchy, granting themselves favors and inviting economic and political corruption. However, in spite of this development, a new constitution was put into place in 1993. The regular competitive elections have taken place since then. A new President, Vladimir Putin, was elected in 2000. Many observers believe that the influence of the oligarchy has declined since then. Modern Russia is a very changeable country. Russia has almost no empirical experience with democracy and a free market.
In terms of administrative hierarchy, the Russian Federation is a constitutional democracy with three branches, executive, legislative, and judicial. In terms of procedure, however, the Russian Federation has a presidential form of government, which concentrates most authority in the president as the head of state. The head of state is Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was elected on June 16, 1996 for a four-year term. There is no vice-president. In the event of the incapability of the president to perform the constitutional mandate, the head of the government, the Premier, succeeds the president. The Premier and Chairman of the Russian Federation Government, Viktor Stepanovich Chernomyrdin was appointed in December 1992 by the president. A First Deputy Premier and First Deputy Chairman of the Government assist the Premier.
Russian politics is pluralistic. There are myriad numbers of political parties in Russia. The democratic and market reform oriented parties include: "Our Home Is Russia", the Yabloko Bloc, Russia's Democratic Choice Party, and Forward Russia. Traditional parties include: Congress of Russian Communities and "Women of Russia". Revisionist parties include: Communist Party of the Russian Federation, Liberal Democratic Party of Russia, the Agrarian Party, Power To the People and the Russian Communist Workers' Party.
During the past five years the Russian government has taken substantial measures in converting to a market economy. The government performed a market reform program in January 1992. In the following three years, the government freed nearly all prices, cut defense spending, eliminated the old centralised distribution system, adopted a convertible currency and completed an ambitious voucher privatisation program in 1994. The government established private financial institutions, and decentralizing foreign trade. Within 1997, the transition to a market economy was nearly complete despite having many problems of irregular regulatory policy. In some areas, there were inadequate regulatory activity leading to monopoly practices and corruption. In other areas, there is excessive state interference in the economy leading to inefficiencies and corruption. It would be disappointment if the post-communist Russia, where the political stakes and human costs are incomparably ...Download file to see next pages Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Post-Soviet Russia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/politics/1513184-post-soviet-russia
(Post-Soviet Russia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words)
https://studentshare.org/politics/1513184-post-soviet-russia.
“Post-Soviet Russia Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/politics/1513184-post-soviet-russia.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Post-Soviet Russia

Post soviet union literature

...? Post Soviet Union Literature Russia has experienced a quick change in the style and form of literatures by the national authors after the decision to promote glasnost or allowing free discussion in both speech and transition of culture was allowed. It is worth noting that even despite lifting the censorship, the book market was highly affected by economic and political chaos leading into several book printing industry falling and eventually reducing the number of printed books. Nevertheless, detective stories and thrillers have turned out to be very successful in the 1990s and a decade later, Boris Akunin’s 19th century sleuth became very popular. Boris Akunin is a prominent Russian author of suspense fiction who is known for Fandorin...
7 Pages (1750 words) Essay

Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany

...Soviet Russia and Nazi Germany Table of contents Introduction. 2. Soviet Russia and the nature of human beings. 3. How was the nature of human beings reflected in Nazi Germany 4. Conclusion. 1. The idea of the leading figures of the Enlightenment that human beings are by nature rational and good (or at least not evil) is rather interesting and controversial. This issue is increasingly important in this age of numerous philosophic and psychological approaches to the nature of human beings and the role of personalities in historical process. Many people believe that people have natural inclination to good deeds, but these people overlook many historical illustrations and facts which uncover a real transformation of human nature under...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Post Soviet Eurasia

... the resentment towards Russia still hopes to have it as a strong and rich neighbor, which is able to keep order in Eurasia. In conclusion, it is necessary to mention that, the process of establishment of statehood on the territory of the Post-Soviet Union, showed that ethnic nationalism greatly outweighs over the civilian elements, which are the foundation of the modern democratic nations. The formation of nations and states on the territory of the South Caucasus is interdependent, difficult and painful process. In this regard, we can not dwell on the problem of the so-called "frozen" conflicts, which became, unfortunately, almost a hallmark of the region. There are thousands of disputes in relation to the geographical borders...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Why Was the Provisional Government Overthrown in Russia

Nicholas II didn’t have the political will, didn’t have the emperor’s charisma and was a short-eyed politician. His surrounding was unqualified men too and neither they nor he had a clear idea about the situation in the country as they lived in the world of luxury. It’s enough to remind that situation in 1917 in Russia was very uneasy: Russia barely survived the revolution of 1905, the working movement inspired by Marxist ideas was growing on the hand with nationalism in Poland, Finland, Ukraine, Baltic provinces and Caucasus. Imperial government policies were very ineffective and in many respects suppressed the dynamic development of the province. The domestic and foreign policy caused the nation’s a...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

International Economic Growth: Japanese Post-War Economic Miracle

The state, which had lost during the war almost 40 % of its wealth, which has haven’t any raw material sources, was completely cut off the exterior raw market. It has been destroyed about 30 % of basic industry equipment. After numerous bombing, Nagasaki and Hiroshima have been almost purely ruinous. The capital of the country, Tokyo, has stayed in ruin. There has been demobilized about 9 million soldiers, moreover, 1.5 million people have entered the country as refugees. Inflation has reached 5000 %. There has been an overall shortage of goods and materials. There has been a great dearth. The value of the yen to the dollar has been constantly falling down that has evidenced that the financial system of the state has been co...
6 Pages (1500 words) Case Study

Western Influence on Hedge Fund Investments in Russia

To "hedge" a bet is to protect against loss by betting a counterbalancing amount against the original bet. Similarly, a "hedge" in the financial world is a transaction that reduces the risk of an investment. So why are high-risk partnerships that use speculative techniques called "hedge" funds?

Hedge Funds are usually designed as partnerships with the general partner typically being the hedge fund’s manager. (Hedco.net, 2006) The general partner usually invests a large part of his wealth and money into the hedge funds. Hedge funds are different from mutual funds with respect to the type of investors and also with regards to the regulations generally imposed on them. The objective of this dissertation is to analyze...
57 Pages (14250 words) Term Paper

English Literature - the Post-War Fiction

And, one of the written forms through which the author will reflect all his/ her ‘events influenced thought process’, is the fiction. So, from early centuries, fictions have been a great medium to imprint one’s life as well as to see and read one’s life. And, Writers from the United Kingdom also wrote events influenced fictions as a variation to plays. And this paper will analyze the event of World Wars and its impact, as an aspect of modernism, and then demonstrate its use in the modernist writing, “The Happy Autumn Fields” written by the Irish born English author, Elizabeth Bowen.

Among an assortment of events of the 20th century, the two World Wars only impacted the people en masse...
12 Pages (3000 words) Term Paper

Post-Cold War: Democratic Peace and Environmental Conflict

The two blocs attempted to prove that their ideologies were better and some of the significant issues they attempted to present their ideas on were liberalism, globalization, ethnic conflict, and democratic peace.

The ideologies of the Western bloc were pro-liberalism as they believed in having a free market or mixed economy and giving due rights to individuals. In contrast, the Eastern bloc fought in favor of a planned economy with everything under the authority of central power. One bloc treated global peace as a result of democracy while the other bloc presented views to suggest that democratic peace is an unattainable concept. These debates and issues became even more heated with the worsening global political situa...
12 Pages (3000 words) Term Paper

Police and Society: Post 9/11

The paper then takes note of a number of initiatives that have attempted to combine local policing with intelligence work. This shift from crime-prevention to counter-terrorism has had a profound effect upon these local law enforcement divisions; lack of proper funding has also undermined these projects, leaving local officers with the ability to prevent terrorists, but either lacking in resources or risking becoming dependant upon intelligence divisions. The paper will then turn to a consideration of two local communities, Dearborn, Michigan, and Las Vegas, Nevada, that have been involved in these initiatives, and considers the impact of counter-terrorism policing upon the wider local law enforcement of the region.

By...
12 Pages (3000 words) Case Study

IAEA's Development on Solving Proliferation of Nuclear Material and Weapons Trafficking In Former USSR & Current Russia

International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has developed various measures to report and control the illicit movement of radioactive materials in the former Soviet Union and present Russia. There has been an unprecedented increase in the smuggling of radioactive materials in the region since 2000.

IAEA maintains the Illicit Trafficking Database (ITDB) in collaboration with 81 nations that voluntarily offer details about unauthorized purchase and sale of radioactive and nuclear materials. Between 1993 and 2004, the ITDB report maintained by IAEA has found 662 incidents of nuclear smuggling. Most of these incidents involved the trafficking of low-grade materials which cannot be used to make weapons. However, there have been...
13 Pages (3250 words) Case Study

Religion and Politics in Russia

Centuries have passed since the times' religious organizations, such as a church or various loges formed on the basis of certain religious views, ruled the Old World. The whole history world history gives bright and endless examples of the fact that through the development of civilization religious beliefs were not only a part of a nation’s culture, but were also a powerful tool of politics which enabled kings and emperors to keep a country in peace, and people appeasable. The earliest historical examples, such as ‘Akhenatens new religion’ (http://www.geocities.com/), which was introduced to the nation in order to unify it around one god, show that religion was always not only to support and enhance the culture o...
10 Pages (2500 words) Coursework

J. Sainsbury Plc supermarket in Russia

J Sainsbury is not expected to distribute cash, pay a dividend to shareholders or share repurchases over the next five years as it expects to expand its activities and invest in all positive net present value (NPV) projects by opening more shops in Moscow and its environs. One of the priorities will be, creating an online database for customer’s interaction, queries, purchases, and free-draw. Consequently, all profits will be re-invested into its expansion program (Opening of new stores, extending its product line) as well as any profitable venture that the company may come across supported by the shareholders.
Based on feasibility studies, the partners, I have targeted the heart of Moscow, to be used as the country hea...
17 Pages (4250 words) Case Study

To What Extent Does Post-Soviet Russia Face an Islamic Threat

...To what extent does Post-Soviet Russia face an “Islamic threat” The fall of the Soviet Union and the subsequent independence of the s in CentralAsia resulted in an active cultural reawakening throughout the region (Bowers, Musayev, & Samson 2006, p.375). Caucasian region with a strong Islamic position was not an exception in this Post-Soviet campaign. Prior to begin analyze the reasons and consequences of the Islamic radicalization in the North Caucasus, it is important to discuss briefly the history of the Chechen state after the fall of the Soviet Union. Historic review In 1991, after the collapse of USSR, there was a first attempt to create a wholly independent Chechen state on the territorial and administrative basis of the former...
8 Pages (2000 words) Term Paper

Understanding Language on a Post-Structuralist Thinking

Besides, the identity of the author is a stable self having a single discernible intent is considered as fictional. However, post-structuralism refutes the notion that a literary text has a single purpose and meaning as well as singular existence. Nonetheless, each reader creates a new and individual meaning, purpose and existence of a given text. Besides the literary theory, this situation is usually generalizable to any particular situation that has the subject perceiving a sign3.
In the post-structuralist approach to the textual analysis, the reader usually replaces the author as the main subject of iniquity. This displacement is commonly known as destabilizing the author, even though it has a significant impact on the tex...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Post-Soviet Russia for FREE!

Contact Us