The present essay concerns the American government institutions. It is stated, the terminology “checks and balances” emerged from the idea that in a democratic constitution, the protection of the civil liberties of every individual in the society must be ensured. …
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This distinction and assignation of political powers is reflected in the political structure of the American government. The division of the government into three branches—the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches—is one way through which American society makes sure that their rights are respected, and the appointed individuals to represent the government will accomplish their responsibilities in accordance to what was mandated by the Constitution.
Checks and balances work within the government in an overlapping and interdependent manner. The judiciary branch is the decision-making body that implements the American Constitution, and is not wholly liable to both executive and legislative branches of the government. It works with the legislative branch to the extent that the Congress proposes and passes bills which then become laws, which will then be utilized and implemented by the Judiciary. The executive branch, headed by the President, governs the American political society, overseeing that the political systems departments and agencies are functioning and servicing the citizenry. It is accountable to both judiciary and legislative branches in that the President and the agencies are responsible in ensuring that no anomalies or irregularities in the political processes happen. Lastly, the legislative branch of the government ensures that the society will benefit most from the government by providing them with laws that take care of the welfare of the citizenry.
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With the separated powers of several ruling individuals, the very idea of American democracy is concretized. The American Constitution states that, “Generally, the legislative branch makes America's laws, the executive branch enforces the laws, and the judicial branch decides cases under the laws.” (The American Constitution cited in Cengage).
The author states that drawing from a rich background of theories from scholars regarding a systematic order of governance, the framers of the US constitution drew up this basic charter conferring sufficient institutional powers to govern. While aware of the power of the masses, the charter had in it inbuilt safeguards.
Apart from the respective roles, the three arms offer checks and balances on each other’s powers and roles and this paper explores how the checks and balances work in the United States’ federal government. Our checks and balances work through distinctive roles of the three arms of the government that regulates each other’s prerogatives.
The forefathers of the Constitution of United States had a keen motive to do away with such imbalances. This is precisely the reason, why they introduced the system of Checks and Balances.
The system of Checks and Balances helps in upholding the Separation of Powers and helps one branch in limiting and checking the powers of the other branches.
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As rooted in the Constitution the separation of powers divides the structure of the American government into three parts: the executive branch, which constitutes the Presidency; the legislative branch, which constitutes the Senate and the House of Representatives; and the
The three arms of the government represent the American people in a variety of ways. National voting subject to the Electoral College elects the executive, through the president. The executive therefore
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The founding fathers were familiar with the state’s theory that the accumulation of power by one individual or State’s body was the ultimate threat to autonomy. They projected that Congress would be the major branch of the State. However, James Madison feared that the Congress would have excess power, and this would compromise the national liberty.
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