This essay “The US Presidential Electoral System” discusses the United States Electoral College system, which is the method that is used to translate the individual votes for a candidate into votes for the office of the presidency…
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After the election, the delegates cast their electoral vote and the winner is decided. This system was necessitated at the birth of the nation when counting a national popular vote was impractical. In addition, it protected the government offices from being decided by an ill-informed electorate. Though it is generally an adequate reflection of the voters' preference, it has several weaknesses. One weakness in the electoral college, that a popular vote system would rectify, is the unequal distribution of voter power. Under the current system, the number of electoral votes is equal to the number of House members plus two. Since the number of House members is based on population, this gives an advantage to the smaller states (Bennett 3). Voters in the least populated states have more power with their individual votes than the voters in the larger states do. In addition, since the apportionment of electoral votes is based on the census, it is always out of date, sometimes by as much as 10 years (Edwards 2). A popular vote system would alleviate both of these problems and accurately reflect the population on an equal basis. Individual voter power is further hampered when the minority (loser) in the large states are awarded no electoral delegates at all. Leib and Mark state that, "Minority voters in large non-swing states—say Republicans today in California or New York, as well as Democrats in Texas—have the most reason to be upset with the current method of awarding electoral votes" (106). Uneven apportionment, out of date census data, and no minority voice creates an unjust system of voter unfairness.
One of the purposes of an electoral system is to facilitate and encourage voter participation. When voters feel like their vote is of little or no value, they will be discouraged from participating in the process. As an example, Indiana has traditionally voted overwhelmingly for the Republican presidential candidate in the last several elections. Though Democrats make up as much as 40 percent of the vote, their votes have not been counted for years. For all practical purposes, they have no reason to vote for a candidate that can not carry the state. "These disincentives essentially take the form of reducing the perceived benefits of voting for a Presidential candidate by restricting the power of votes to state jurisdictions rather than allowing all votes equal value (power) in a national election determined strictly by a popular vote" (Cebula and Murphy 188). Reforming the electoral college to reflect a more equitable system of voter power would encourage greater voter participation.
Moving to a popular vote system would not only more fairly represent the voters, it would also reduce the special favor spending projects that are awarded
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This paper would fundamentally highlight a thesis pertaining to the reasons why the voting system associated with the Electoral College is deemed to be an ineffective elective method for the 21st century and why primarily this particular presidential elective method can claim to cast the second most popular or to be precise an unpopular head of the state.
This essay discusses that if the electoral college system is replaced by a simple majority system then the whole election system should be modified – a nationalized body of government officials to be introduced with which the threat of ‘major fraud’ boosted up following some statistical data about fraud by federal officials.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that proposals to abolish the Electoral College have failed largely because alternatives appear more problematic than the current system. The Electoral College, though an antiquated and imperfect system, is not on the way out and most likely never will be.
According to the research findings, it can, therefore, be said that the electoral college that has been a part of US elections since its beginning has become outdated and is in need of reform. While a popular vote system would ensure equality of voter power, it has the potential to deteriorate our stable two-party system.
This essay discusses that every nation experiences range of complaints of dissatisfaction with the election processes usually emanating from the key contenders for specific positions in the national public arena. Most of the complaints involve corruption allegations and a possibility of rigging that has disposed certain countries into a situation of political turmoil and unrest.
According to the research findings, though the Electoral College is not perfect, the system has significantly tried to curb and solve many challenges that are experienced when conducting elections. To mention among the many problems, bribing, corruption among the officials and even other misconduct during elections, have been in a fabulous way been dealt with appropriately.
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
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