This paper looks at how decisions are reached in a democratic state and argues that a decision by the majority does not necessarily always yield optimal results. This is because the majority of people may not have access to crucial information for making informed decisions. …
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This paper looks at how decisions are reached in a democratic state and argues that a decision by the majority does not necessarily always yield optimal results. This is because the majority of people may not have access to crucial information for making informed decisions. This conundrum of how best to govern people has confounded sages for ages going back to the times of the ancient Greek philosophers. Various types of government styles were tried in order to find the ideal and perfect form of governance that will give the best results in terms of stability, peace and contentment for all citizens. Governance can be considered as a social experiment in which various governance structures are tried to see which works best. Governmental forms are part of the larger political systems of a country. Among the various forms that were quite common before (with some still existing today in hybrid forms) are monarchy, oligarchy, plutocracy, timocracy, autocracy, anarchy, democracy, socialism and republicanism, among many others. The most common form of political system prevailing in the world today is democracy. However, its being common does not necessarily confer it is a superior political system; all that can be said about democracy is that it is the best option until a better alternative can be found that best fits the objectives of a country when it comes to the issue of governance. The ideal form of government must achieve the triple purposes of peace, stability and contentment where issues and concerns of all citizens are adequately answered. This paper attempts to point out the defects and deficiencies of a democracy and also offers an exciting alternative form of rule which is the elitist type of rule. The word elitist often invites a derisive connotation but it actually offers a better prospective form of governance. Elitism is not bad per se as it envisions a rule by people best qualified to govern the rest of the people. It does not imply exclusivity as anyone who qualifies to be a member can become one. Discussion Plato (427-347 B.C.) during his time had already seen the weaknesses of democracy. This was the reason why he advocated for a different form of government – that of the rule by the chosen few, the aristocracy. His version of aristocracy is not what we think of it today that is based on owning vast tracts of land or being fabulously wealthy; rather, an aristocrat is the person who had been educated in philosophy and therefore knows a lot about virtues and in the exercise thereof, will lead people into wealth and happiness. The classical definition of the word aristocracy, as far as Plato was concerned, is a rule by the best persons of a society. This idealistic state of government is rather very utopian in aspirations, though. Plato had given up on democracy as virtually chaotic as he had seen some of its effects on Athenian society in his time, such as some occasions of mob rule and how the electorate or the general populace put into office during an election people who were not well qualified. A fairly strong dislike of democracy led to his criticisms that it will eventually lead to tyranny. In a sense, he was right on this aspect, as democracy can be considered as a form of tyranny, that is, tyranny by the majority on the minority. Further, Plato had only seen the nascent forms of democracy during his time in which it would still naturally and expectedly be chaotic. He had not seen how modern democracy works today in which safeguards are in place. He had regarded democracy as a poor form of government, much inferior than monarchy itself. What Plato instead argued for strongly was aristocracy, in order to put the best people into government positions and let them make all the important policy decisions. He thought that aristocrats are the best people to govern because they
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It is therefore exploration of the political system of this faith has always been the matter of great interest for the analysts, historians and readers alike. Though no religious faith follows specific political system, yet faiths provide the individuals with an outline for leading the individual and collective life in an orderly and organized manner; the same is applied to the Islamic system of government.
But in current feminist discourses women are the most oppressed population of a society, the FMF is a self acclaimed fighter for women’s cause, that is, for justice for this oppressed special population. The theoretical and the practical framework of the organization’s action are interactive in a way that the organization’s action are set and determined by its independent research on the three issues such as “gender equality, reproductive rights and health, and non-violence” (Feminist Majority Foundation 1).
In particular, Chiapas is a land of irony. Chiapas produces for 35% of Mexico’s total electricity output and yet 34% of its residents live in the dark without access to electricity. The state has vast tracks of cultivated agricultural lands and yet in 1993, official records state that fifteen thousand people died due to hunger and lack of proper medical care.2 Oppressed and neglected, the indigenous Indian tribes in Chiapas, Mexico started to organize and mobilize themselves to put an end to their sad plight.
The exposure of students to the content of the books did not amount to compelling them to adhere to the religious views presented. By a mere requirement that the students should read from the series of Holt books, it did not amount to indoctrination or the promotion of the religious views presented by the books (Suber, 1987).
Therefore, all children, notwithstanding their economic status or future career aspirations need to acquire the skills necessary to facilitate American democracy; however, these requirements can only be met if the children are taught early enough on the importance and values of democracy.
What is Liberal Democracy?
Liberal democracy is a form of representative democracy whereby the elected representatives hold power, but they are limited by a constitution, which emphasizes on equality, rights of minorities and protection of individual liberty in a democratic state.
Despite the progress in political development, the region is still struggling with the effect of violent and conflict in numerous parts of the region. In some parts of the region, social political stability has been threatened or influenced with social and economic inequalities; therefore, reforms at civic, social, and political level have been requested1.
The concept of Democracy was originally formulated by the Greek scholars. This fact shows that, although in the recent times the western world governance systems have become synonymous with Democracy, the western world did not originate this concept. One of the apt definitions of Democracy was given by Aristotle, a Greek scholar.
This leads to stability of communities and countries through avoidance of cases of insecurity brought about by the violent actions of the oppressed as they seek to get what they perceive as their rights from their oppressors. This paper will seek to
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