Consisting of the president, vice president, and cabinet departments, the executive branch implements and executes laws. As a head of state and commander-in-chief of the armed forces, the president possesses the power to appoint heads of federal agencies and the cabinet. The branch ensures that the daily responsibilities of the federal government are carried out. Policies on foreign relations, agriculture, and housing, among others, are implemented by the different offices and departments of the executive branch. The National Security Council offers advice to the president on matters of foreign policy, intelligence, and national security. The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) creates farming, agriculture, and food policies. Finally, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) implements programs and policies on housing needs, community development, and fair housing laws. Budget, research, and legislative support, I think, are the primary challenges faced by the executive branch when it comes to public policy formation and implementation. The budget of each department is used mainly in the administration of duties, compensation of employees, and implementation of current policies. Budget constraints may pose a problem in policy formation. To form a public policy, research is needed to identify the problems and solutions of a public issue. The amount of resources allotted to research may also pose a problem. Finally, public policies should be consistent with laws which necessitate
the support of the legislative branch.