Marx in Studying Society and Nature - Article Example

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The article “Marx in Studying Society and Nature” explains the basic method of analysis of Marx, which is known as dialectical materialism. It is sometimes called materialism or dialectics for short. Applied to the study of society, the method is also known as dialectical historical materialism…
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Marx in Studying Society and Nature
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Download file to see previous pages Marx pointed out that that the Democritus and Epicurus teach exactly the same science but they are diametrically opposed in all that concern truth (Marx 1841, 16). Marx criticized Aristotle for defending Democritus in his position that the soul and mind are one and the same. He noted that Aristotle also defended Democritus for asserting that “nothing is true or is concealed from us” (Marx 1841, 16). Marx said that Democritus had many self-contradictions and a self-contradiction can be found in the way that Democritus articulated the relationship between the atom and the world (Marx 1841, 16).
For Marx, “sensuous appearance” does not belong to the atom themselves” and that “the true principles are the atoms and the void, everything else is opinion semblance” (Marx 1841, 17). In his passages related on these topics, Marx asserted the materialism of nature. All notions of nature that nature belongs to the mind are outside of the objective selves of the atom. People develop notions or impressions on the atom that is apart or distinct from the objective existence of the atom. Marx stresses the primacy of material existence and people’s opinions or notions of the material is distinct but secondary and apart from what is objective.
Focusing on Democritus’ emphasis on necessity versus Epicurus’ stress on chance, Marx sided with Democritus and argued that “if somebody is thirsty and drinks and feels better,” Democritus will not attribute to chance the cause of the situation but to thirst (Marx 1841, 22). Marx also agreed with Democritus that chance is not the cause of events but other causes. ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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