Philosophy 4 - Assignment Example

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This belief is that the individual only possesses his or her own mind, it thoughts, and memories. The statement means that even obvious beliefs are not exempt from doubt…
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Download file to see previous pages Descartes’ mind-body duality is helpful to individuals who want to experience their minds explicitly and uniquely as a thing with a conscious (Descartes 32). I think this concept also secretly allows these individuals to experience their minds and bodies reversely. This means that when these people cannot distinguish their minds and bodies, they become lost. I disagree that humans are comprised of mind and body as separate entities. If human beings had two entities, they would have to illustrate this extension and prove that they cancel each other out, which they do not.
As a philosophical approach, skepticism tries to render uncertain members of a group of propositions that individuals think are within our understanding. Skepticism can be considered a strong suit through logic and empirical evidence. Skepticism allows for the coherence of logic and empirical evidence in academia today. The weak point of skepticism philosophically is distrusts towards anyone’s idea or statements without criticism or proof, even when this person is in fact correct.
Categorical imperative is the expression of ethical law as eventually implemented by logic and obedience from plain respect for logic (Kant 18). For example, I was once stuck at a red light known for remaining red for unreasonably long periods. I was late for class and there was no other vehicle or pedestrian crossing either of the roads. I wanted to run the red light, which decision into a moral law implying that I was comfortable with every driver running very red lights when they are late for ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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..., (1992) Vol. 37(2): 141-165. Marx, K. and Engels, F. “The Communist Manifesto”. Cited in Three Classic Essays on How to Change the World. Victoria, Australia: Ocean Press, 2005. Merlan, P. “Form and Content in Plato’s Philosophy.” Journal of the History of Ideas, (October 1947) Vol. 8(4): 406-430. Plato (Author); Ferrari, G.R.F. and Griffith, T. (Editors). The Republic. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Plato. “The Apology.” Cited in Sowards, J. K. Makers of the Western Tradition. New York, NY: Bedford Books, 1997. Plato. “Crito”. Cited in West, T.G. and West, G.S. (Translators). Plato’s Euthyphro, Apology and Crito and Aristophanes’ Clouds. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1988....
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...? Personal Philosophy: Leadership in School and Community Relations My personal philosophy on leadership in school and community relations is guided by the concept that despite the public character of school and community we as citizens are stakeholders in the success and peaceful co-existence of the school as a public/community institution. As Bagin and Galleger (2005) inform, the school system, by nature of its “public character” is jointly owned by the community and its citizens (p. 10). However, ownership comes with responsibility. If that responsibility is going to be shared, frank and honest information relative to the school system is necessary for helping stakeholders establish informed opinions...
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...?Essay Question A) While there is a general dictionary understanding of a gadfly, when examining the lives of Socrates, Martin Luther King, and Malcolm X, one can view their thematic similarities and come to understand the definition of gadfly incarnate. In these regards, all men share a similar propensity towards upsetting the status quo. In the case of Socrates it was through his influence on the Athenian youth that upset the upper level powers that ultimately put him to death. In the instances of Dr. King and Malcom X they work towards upsetting the status quo through fighting, albeit in different ways, for equal rights. B) In letters from a Birmingham Jail, Martin Luther King Jr. speaks of a creative tension that must exist... Question A) ...
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... nonexistent categories. Using the mind (perceptions of the mind) to explain the body is essentially the same as using the body (descriptions of the brain) to explain the mind. This conceptual confusion produces the mistake that the mind and body are separate things, while in reality they are concepts fundamentally reflecting the same individual human being. Bibliography Descartes, Rene. Meditations on First Philosophy. Ed. Karl Ameriks and Desmond M. Clarke. Trans. John Cottingham. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996.... Descartes’ fifth Meditation, the philosopher attempts to rebuild the foundation he deconstructed in the previous chapters through a systematic process of doubt. Part of the foundation Descartes wishes to rebuild is...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay


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... of God and a reunification with the greater light. Works Cited Provost, Wallace. “Augustine and the Emergence of Western Christianity.” June 24, 2006 MacDonald, Scott. “Illumination.” Islamic Philosophy. Cambridge: Routledge, 1998. Midmore, Brian. “The Trinity According to Augustine and Barth.” A Passion for Faith and Grace. (April 3, 2006). June 26, 2006 <> Pasnau, Robert. “Divine Illumination.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2002. June 24, 2006 ... Neo-Platonism and Augustine Epistemological illumination uses our human sensory experience of sight as a means of identifying the world around us to form an analogy to the way in which our minds and intellect are used as a...
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Philosophy- Philosophy and Psychiatry

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Philosophy 100 (4)

...Berkeley’s Theory of Knowledge Berkeley’s theory of reality and reality can be considered to be the opposite of Descartes’ theory. For Descartes, the one true thing that could not be disproved was that people have their own thoughts and they can perceive themselves as having these thoughts. Even if they cannot prove anything else exists, they know that they exist because of their thoughts. Succinctly stated, Descartes used the ability to perceive thoughts and sensations as the basis for his theory. On the other hand, Berkeley’s theory stated that being perceived was the basis for existence and reality. His theory is contrary to the idea that there is some sort of underlying matter that is responsible for that which we... Theory of...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Question #4-Explain why Aristotle is known as the commonsense philosopher? Philosophy is perhaps one of the most complex s in the intellectual world. According to Thomas White, author of the book entitled Discovering Philosophy, philosophy often involves “conceptual issues and principles” such as “reality, knowledge, right, wrong, and justice”(White, 2008). There have been many great philosophers throughout history, and Aristotle is among the most influential. In fact, Aristotle’s is known as the commonsense philosopher due to the emphasis he places on moral responsibility. In discussing Aristotle’s contributions to philosophy Thomas White states...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
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