Nobody downloaded yet

Descartes - Term Paper Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
Instructor name Date Descartes and Dualism One of the major questions still strongly debated in philosophical circles is the relationship between the mind and body. This question has proven so difficult that it has developed into its own field of inquiry called dualism…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER94.1% of users find it useful
Descartes
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Descartes"

Download file to see previous pages Essentially, the mind/body problem centers on trying to determine what constitutes 'real' experience. It is clear that the mind can fool the body into thinking it is experiencing something. Examples of this are found in the experiences of people with lost limbs or psychosomatic illness. However, the body can also fool the mind into experiencing something, such as in the case of false scents, misperceptions or vertigo. It is necessary to investigate the theories of Descartes any time one is researching dualism because it was Descartes who first suggested the body and mind could be divided and he who began to define the proper realms of the mind as compared to that of the body. The more these ideas are researched, though, the more they seem to fall apart. Dualism is the result of an attempt by Descartes to bring the discipline of mathematics with its basis on ‘real’ factual knowledge together with the more intangible concepts of thought. His attempt is characterized by a categorical rejection of anything that could not be externally proven. This method is now referred to as hyperbolic doubt. Regarding this method, Burnham and Fieser say “he refused to accept the authority of previous philosophers – but he also refused to accept the obviousness of his own senses. ...
en applied to the school of philosophic thought because the formalist paradigm of the Socratic-Platonics denied any possibility of empirical knowledge. “On this view, sensory experience can inform us only about appearances, about how things seem. Authentic knowledge (episteme), however, must be of reality. The idea of empirical knowledge, that is, experiential knowledge, is thus intrinsically incoherent. The provenance of knowledge proper, that is, knowledge of the eternal and independent Forms, is reason alone. With regard to the world available to us through the senses, the world of appearances, we can aspire only to opinion (doxa)” (Rosenberg). According to the formalist paradigm, then, there is no means by which a mortal human being can access the epistemic knowledge Descartes sought simply because we do not have the appropriate capabilities required to understand what it is we are seeing/experiencing at this level. To accomplish the type of evidence he required, Descartes applied four basic rules of logic to his process of discovery to use as guides and method. The first rule applied was that he could only accept truths that were 'clearly and distinctly' known to be true. The second rule employed was to reduce problems down to their most common elements. This enabled the philosopher to tackle them each as micro problems which could then contribute to solving the macro. The third rule was to proceed in logical order from the easiest solution to the most difficult so as to reduce the weight of issues being considered. The fourth and final rule was to take a broad view of each individual micro-problem in order to be sure nothing has been missed at the macro level. As Brians comments, “He calls into question everything that he thinks he has learned through his ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Descartes Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422478-descartes
(Descartes Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words)
https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422478-descartes.
“Descartes Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/environmental-studies/1422478-descartes.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Descartes

Descartes

...? Descartes The ideas that Rene Descartes propounds in his Meditations have influenced philosophers and in future ages to a great extent. Histheories regarding the position of man in the universe in relation to other human beings and to God are something that was revolutionary for his times, in the field of philosophy, to which his contributions are seminal. Descartes held that an idea is something that is the beginning of one’s philosophical meditations and one’s quest for truth. Descartes sought to find a set of maxims that he would be able to call truths without being doubtful about them. As opposed to the philosophers who preceded him, like the Greeks, Aristotle and...
1 Pages(250 words)Dissertation

Descartes

... Descartes What is epistemology? If we define it narrowly, it is the study of justified belief and knowledge. If epistemology is considered as a study of knowledge, it deals with the following questions: What are the sufficient and necessary conditions for knowledge? What are the sources of epistemology? What are the limits and structure of epistemology? If it is considered as a study of justified belief (JB), epistemology deals to reply to such questions as: How are we able to comprehend the idea of justification? What are the factors which make these justified beliefs justify? Is this justification external or internal to one’s own mind? Broadly comprehend epistemology deals with issues of dissemination and creation of knowledge... in...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Descartes

...Meditations Introduction Rene Descartes is a well known French philosopher and mathematician who wrote excessively on the existence of God, uncertainty of events in human life and metaphysical phenomena taking place around us. Meditations on first philosophy is one of the most prolific and colossal philosophical works by Descartes in which he has given 6 meditations discussing diverse range of topics like human body dualism, existence of God and distinction of human body and soul (Bogousslavsky, 162). The author builds an argument that nothing in this world including the five apparent senses can be relied upon because of the fact that there is always a possibility that Godly powers of evil demon is...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Descartes

...Introduction Rene Descartes was a different philosopher in his own rights. He came up with the Cartesian method; this is a school of thought where he decided to doubteverything that he assumed to be in existence so as to see what cannot be doubted. Something that is beyond doubt is therefore assumed to be true. This was the first of its kind in philosophy, instead of sticking to the common paradigms that were the norms among his contemporaries and those who were there before him like Aristotle and Plato. Although he decided to doubt everything, at some point the Cartesian method hit a brick wall. This happens when he himself agrees to settle for an assumption in as far as the existence of God is concerned. He makes an...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay

Descartes

...Adrian Musiuk Josh Keton CORC 1210/ MW8 Topic Descartes eventually proposes that God’s necessary existence allows him to be free of doubt with respect to many things. How is God’s existence necessary, according to Descartes? How does it yield certainty of some things? What are those things? What things remain uncertain/dubitable? Do you agree that he salvages the foundations of knowledge that he undercut using Method of Doubt? Descartes’s argument regarding the existence of God in the Meditations comes in the framework of his larger philosophical project in which he attempts to establish a basis for the very act of knowing. His method throughout the project is to establish a radical...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Descartes

...Dear Mr. or Ms. , Good day! I am writing this letter to clarify some of the issues raised regarding the paper of on Descartes’ Meditations. Firstly, I like to confess that I helped (Your Name) in writing this paper as I have a penchant for studying medieval and modern philosophers. During the time we were doing this paper, (he/she) did the initial research of the topic on Descartes. The main sources he gave me came from the Internet. After which, I provided him the outline for (his/her) paper. Then, I asked him to write the paper himself. After the initial writing of this paper, (Your Name) asked me to proof-read it. For this matter, my primary contributions were checking the grammar, reconstructing...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Descartes

...Descartes: Is There a God? Due Introduction Rene Descartes who lived from 1596 to 1650 is often regarded as the “father of modern philosophy” and made innumerable contributions to a number of other disciplines, including physics and mathematics (Newman). Descartes focused much of his philosophical discussions on the nature of knowledge, called by philosophers, epistemology. Descartes essentially spent a great deal of time questioning himself as to whether we could, as human beings, ever know anything for sure (Kurtin, 2012). One of Descartes most famous philosophical works, published in 1641 and republished in 1642, “Meditations of First Philosophy,”...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Descartes

...Descartes “dream argument” Rene Descartes was a philosopher, and as such, sought to establish the existence, cause andeffect of things, ideas and beliefs, as the human faculty perceives. In his approach, he diverges from the usual methodologies of evaluating the topics and chooses to plunge into the foundation by evaluating the sense perception and accuracy of the information and ideas that people possess. In the very several arguments that he developed for mediation, the dream argument features first and thus prominently in the rest of his arguments. He presents the dream argument, which he creates the hypothesis that the senses that people trust and rely for inferring the accuracy of ideas are not...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Descartes

...Explain Descartes Method of doubt; what does he hope to accomplish from this method; is Descartes a skeptic? Descartes was considered to be famous philosopher and scientist. Still, it is worse to mention that he was inclined to accurate facts and mathematic computations with stable axioms. This man adored Mathematics, and tried to involve this science to all his inceptions (Watson, 192). Descartes obviously could not live without feeling of precision and exactness that he always intended to prove. His Method of doubt remained to be one of his fundamental ideas in the field of philosophy and all Descartes concepts were based on this particular...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Descartes

...Descartes Descartes Introduction The nature of human mind is quite complex and it is difficult to fully understand how it works. The complexity can also be compared to the complex nature of humans. The human mind plays an important role in terms of ensuring that the individuals are able to think and come up with solutions to the problems facing them. This makes it the most sensitive part of the human brings. It is through the ability of the humans to think and make decisions that differentiates them from the other animals. Meditation two which is contained in a book by Hackett and it tries to explain the nature of the human mind (Ariew & Cress, 13). The wax has been used for the purposes of making...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Term Paper on topic Descartes for FREE!

Contact Us