Extract of sample "Kierkegaard and Sartre's versions of existentialism"
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On the other hand, they are similar in ways such as their trust on individuality, will power and meaningful decision making through choices. Sartre defines existentialism in ways that deduce the nature of man as man himself and that he uses his wills to accomplish his own destiny using various principles. The first one is that a man is only what he designs of himself. This means that men in the world shoulder responsibilities due to their mere existence on earth and each man knows his in full. He further explains that every man is responsible for humanity in its entirety and not merely for himself (individuality). Every choice that a man makes affects the rest of his species.
In another perspective, he declares that God does not exist. Therefore, all men carry the responsibility of their actions. He defines an ethical person as an independent thinker who lives generously in consideration to the needs of others. He sets goals, pursues them actively and enumerates decisions on how to achieve them. This is under the choice of active life. This drives to invisibility of a man’s existence if he fails to pursue his goals in an active manner or make plans of achieving them. This eventually leads to despair, where a man loses hope and the meaning of life itself.
Kierkegaard however contradicts this by setting three models of existentialism, namely: aesthetic, ethical and supranational religious faith. The importance of making a choice and the difference between ethical and aesthetical choices are the areas of emphasis. Men shape their personalities through their choices, which in itself is an ethical quality. High levels of determination together with thorough thinking enables man to make an ethical choice that is absolute and genuine. Aesthetical choices are neither meaningful nor stable and usually made for timely or sensual pleasure. Thus, they are not as genuine as
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In other words, a human being is first an individual before other labels, roles or stereotypes (Flynn 156). This suggests that human beings should always act under their own consciousness in order to establish their values. This also entail the determination of the meaning their lives in relation to the existing environment.
There are also aspects of faith that play a fundamental role in questioning of beliefs and responsibility of humanity (Earnshaw 170). Additionally, death and its accompanying effects on the living are paramount in shaping the opinions of individuals on the meaning of life.
Man cannot determine his own existence except if that man is a secular humanist. There is no way one can be both atheist and theist. This is unprincipled marriage of convenience that only calls secularism. Therefore, existentialism is a quasi-secular humanist philosophy.
This is the point of Sartre’s existentialism. It is then expected that with such a philosophy, people begin asking “So, it does not matter what you do?” or where does God or rules fit into this philosophy? The accusations and objections are relentless.
This essay helps to answer certain aspects of Sartre’s writings with respect to what the existentialist meant by God and whether or not His death helps to permit all things possible. A person needs to be able to find himself and to comprehend the very fact that he is his own savior and that imagining about a God that he has never seen or heard from can do nothing or make no change to his life.
This is based on the acting, the individual perception relating to the subject and the feelings. The attitude of individual is the one that characterize existentialism where the philosopher will have to distinguish the confusion of
The accumulation of data and information was published in his book Man’s Search for Meaning in 1946 (Pytell 281-282; Frankl and Allport 101).
Based on the results of the study that he had undertaken, man is
Transcendence & Facility' and 'Being-for-others & the look' are all interrelated. The basic philosophies that we find common in all these works are that of ethics, existentialism, meta-physics. With reference to the literary and philosophical work by Sartre, in this paper I will discuss Early in "Existentialism is a Humanism", Sartre says that "God does not exist, and it is necessary to draw the consequences of his absence right to the end" (p.
There was only duration, only existence, and it was to be endured, not celebrated. However, at its core this was an empty philosophy and one with no real substance. Two of the great existentialist thinkers, Sartre and Camus, clearly illustrate this
he meaning of life and existence; and, there is a need for “authenticity” or “being true to one’s own personality, spirit and character” (Merriam Webster’s Dictionary, “Authenticity”) in order to understand human existence. Furthermore, it rests on the impression
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