Name: Institution: Course: Tutor: Date: Philosopher Report: Ayn Rand Introduction The body of knowledge is very complex encompassing of views and perceptions from individuals drawn from diverse backgrounds. They contribute objectively to a wide range of disciplines, providing useful insights that enable current and succeeding generations to understand the respective disciplines…
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One of the philosophers that has made a significant contribution to this discipline is Ayn Rand. She explored various principles with the most outstanding being the issue of objectivism. It is against this background that this paper provides an informative review about her life and works. To enhance coherence and objectivity, the paper provides a critique of her views. Ayn Rand hails from Rosenbaum in Russia. She was born in 1905 and specifically on the 2nd date of February to Anna Rosenbaum and Fronz. Historical evidence indicates that during the initial years of her life, she lived a very affluent life. Her father was a pharmacist and owned his own shop. This ensured that his children were provided with all the essential needs that they required. Her mother on the other hand had a subscription to wide ranging children’s literary magazines. Ayn Rand was an avid reader of these magazines from which she derived great inspiration. As a result, she began drafting and writing her own stories hardly when she was ten years. Specifically, Hyman and Moore (1997) cite that she became a proficient young writer at the age of nine years. In 1917, the family was affected by the Russian revolution and from there hence forth, they lived in poverty. At sixteen years of age, she got enrolled at the Petrograd State University. In her second year, she was expelled from the institution, although later reinstated after the foreign governments protested against this move. Upon completion of her university education, she further enrolled at State Technicum for Screen Arts and pursued screen writing. It is at this point that she realized that her personal philosophy was inconsistent with the Russian philosophy. For this reason, she understood that she had to leave Russia in order to ensure her personal safety as well as explore her philosophy exhaustively. She left Russia for Chicago in 1926 and never returned. During her tender years, Hyman and Moore (1997) note that she was greatly influenced by the works of other writers including Hugo, Nietzsche and Friedrich. From these, she derived intellect especially considering the fact that the respective writers were independent protagonists. Most importantly, the writers acted as her role models and guided her into exploring the art of writing complex stories with various characters. With their guidance, she was also informed about the important principles of heroism and individualism. Notably, she did not agree with the entire concepts but used the inherent insight to broaden her way of thinking. Upon arrival in Chicago, she changed her name and proceeded to Hollywood to look for a job as a screen writer. She got the job and worked as a co editor of Cecil DeMille’s films. Her writing career was officially launched in 1932. In this year, she successfully sold her first screen play to the then renowned Universal Studios. After this, she proceeded to write The Night of January 16th, a play that was later produced on Broadway in the year 1934. Then, she wrote her very first novel entitled We The Living in 1936. In this, she explored life in Russia after communism. She wrote several other works and her peak was The Fountainhead that was published in 1943 and her Atlas Shrugged of 1957 which were her masterpieces. In her works, she explored the theme of
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“Philosopher Report: Ayn Rand Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/philosophy/1446480-philosopher-report-ayn-rand.
As with the ideas of any philosopher it is likely that there will be both strengths and weaknesses to their approach to ethics. In the case of Ayn Rand it was argued by Bass (1999) that there are three fundamental weaknesses to Ayn Rands approaches which are foundationalism, the confusion of meaning with reference and the confusion of universals with concepts.
The fight to establish his ideology and efforts to put it into practice are down treated by the traditional worshipers. In spite of all the ill-treatment and harsh conditions, Howard, with his determination and self –esteem, wins over all the characters and all the established accepted wisdom of that time.
Thus, this brings us to the idea of individualism and collectivism in men’s souls, in other words egoism and altruism respectively. This is the situation in the real society where some people engage in some actions only for the benefit of themselves but in other cases, people consider the feelings and wellbeing of other people in the actions that they undertake.
Ayn Rand’s We the Living is one such semi-autobiography, as she wrote that work after being ‘seeded’ by the various events that she saw, heard and felt in the aftermath of the introduction and spread of Communism throughout Russia in early 1900’s.
In brief, Rand, among other things, argued for an increase in the selfish motivation and drive that exists within humanity. Seeing this as the ultimate virtue for individualism and accounting for each and every positive outgrowth of the human experience, RAND puts forward the premise that selfishness should not be viewed as a vice but should instead be viewed as a means of furthering fulfillment and overall worth within the individual.
The accidental encounter of Dominique Francon, a news reporter, with Howard Roark, the red-headed quarry worker, is intrinsically woven into the web of The Fountainhead by Ayn Rand with the thread of love and hatred. The storyline revolves around Roark’s main adversary Ellsworth Toohey, an architectural critic, and Dominique Francon
Amongst his works, he is most famous for his A Theory of Justice (1971) which is regarded as a primary text in political philosophy. Apart from this, he has conducted a number of thought experiments related to determining principles of social justice. He is also
been capable of producing the desired positivism, especially in the context of human emotional and spiritual nourishment and this process of providing less importance over basic human qualities rather than lust for material possession commenced since inception of the industrial
The author insists that rights can be referred as the freedom of actions, beliefs, ideas, thoughts and choices in a moral society, a society where every person respects others freedom of action. In simple words moral laws and rights in every society are created with the only purpose to flourish individuals’ rights.
The forest is a symbol of what remains undiscovered or unknown by the society. It represents the mysteries described by Equality 7-2521 at the start of the novel. It is, however, unfortunate that he can only learn about the mysteries when alone. The society has never explored the forest and has banned all of its members from entering the forest.
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