Nobody downloaded yet

Descarte's Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Descartes’ philosophy of calling mind as a thinking thing Instructor Name December 6, 2011 Abstract Famous French philosopher Descartes presented his philosophy of mind-body dualism saying that mind & body are two mutually exclusive things & body is independent of thoughts…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER93.5% of users find it useful
Descartes Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Descarte's Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing"

Download file to see previous pages Hence the essence of the existence of human beings is their mind or soul, not their bodies. Descartes’ philosophy of calling mind as a thinking thing Rene Descartes is a French mathematician come philosopher of seventeenth century who is unanimously called as 'Father of Modern Philosophy'. Born in the year 1596 & died in 1650 due to pneumonia, Descartes produced lots of useful philosophical ideas which definitely make the basis for a modern anti-scholastic philosophy. The most famous & most controversial philosophical statement given by Descartes' was "I think, therefore I am" in his publication “the discourse on the method” in the year 1637, in which he explains that the essence of our mind is thought. If we do not think about things around us & about ourselves, we don’t make enough use of our brain & thus we remain insignificant. In the year 1639, he started his work on Meditations & wrote a book named “Meditations on First Philosophy”, which was highly criticized by most learned people of that time & by the cathedral too, as according to them Descartes gave such ideas which contradict with religion & Christian faith. Most of his publications regarding meditations contain the answers to the objections of his previously defined ideas & he tried to clarify himself about the misunderstandings which arose about his method. In his first meditation, he discussed all the way that our sensory beliefs are not always trustworthy or reliable & mind is the only thing which can be termed as reliable as it thinks. In his second meditation, he argued that the mind takes the liberty of supposing everything to be nonexistent of which it has the least doubt of existing. However, during the process, as mind is the thing which is thinking the whole situation, so it must exist itself .This is among one of the greatest use of our mind (Descartes. 1641). Descartes formally presented a theory of mind-body dualism in which he argues that our body is composed of different organs & parts & our mind has no connection with it. As in his first meditation, he says that sensory organs are doubtful thus the body itself has no particular reliability. This absolutely does not mean that in this perspective, a human does not exist or is insignificant. But as compared to mind, body is nothing but a combination of solid joints. The concept of being deceived by someone or convinced on any point directly relates through mind, not from body. Hence for such things to happen, I must exist & I am a not a rational animal but a thinking thing that doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling, and also imagines and has sensory perceptions (Descartes. 1641). The point that our mind only considers those things to be existent, which show their existence, like the mind itself, was explained by thinking of something that has a very least chance to exist. If the existence is proved, Descartes happily conclude that as the particular thing exists so it proves itself. However, if the supposed image or thing was not found existed by him, he was more than happy to say that anything on the world can be found if it exists, like human mind about which there is no doubt of existence. Mind is a creation of god which exists & thinks all the time about the existence or non-existence of other things. Hence “I” am not simply a combination of ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Descarte's Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Descarte'S Philosophy of Calling Mind As a Thinking Thing Essay)
“Descarte'S Philosophy of Calling Mind As a Thinking Thing Essay”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Descarte's Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing

Philosophy of Mind

...Philosophy of the Mind There is a belief that the standard notions of rationality are not necessarily perfect. Searle believes that it is more like the tracks of a train, with each point having its own desires and beliefs and the rules that determine the conclusion that one comes up with. He adds that it is not reason that compels somebody to do anything because have enough reason wills a person to do something but it does not force him to do it (Searle, p.26). In all decisions that we have to make therefore, there exists a gap between the actions that we take and the reasons for it. It is this gap, according to Searle that makes individuals believe that they have the freedom of will. In his observation...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Philosophy of the Mind

...? Thomas Nagel presents a seemingly complicated formulation in understanding our point of view as a general concept in relation to the more personal and the subjective point of view. There are primarily three kinds of reason according to Nagel which is the subjective and then the two kinds of objective reasons where one is agent-relative and the other is agent-neutral. The universality of reason in the foundation that what is believed to be true in one place is also true anywhere as expressed in what he calls ‘view from nowhere’ is the basis of his proposition. There are always reasons which are universal and explain why we do the things that we do and there are varied aspects to this reason which ranges from the concept of view... and...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Philosophy of the Mind

...philosophers such as Descartes has been subjected to a lot of philosophical and scientific opposition. The relationship between the human body and the soul therefore provides a turning point to clear the air on the issue of philosophical dualism. Although materialism and functionalism may be considered as a compromise, they are still marred with many challenges. It may then be said that the ancient philosophical theories relating to the critical issue of dualism are in more ways sensitive to thinking and speaking that are in no way supported philosophically. Works Cited Beakley, B., Ludlow, P.,, The Philosophy of Mind: Classical Problem Contemporary Issues, MIT...
4 Pages(1000 words)Admission/Application Essay

Philosophy of mind

... ought to be the defining property of the mind. As another prospect, the distinction is intended to illustrate how humans are quite disposed to pay attention to competencies and deficiencies in the process of acquiring truths instead of the truths or propositions themselves and the nature thereof. It is Ryle’s aim as well to present the similarities and dissimilarities between ‘knowing how’ and ‘knowing that’ in order to substantiate further his findings upon the claim that the ‘intellectualist legend’ is false. In general, Ryle points out herein that “efficient practice precedes the theory” or that ‘knowing how’ comes before ‘knowing that’. According to Ryle, theorists have often acknowledged the so-called ‘intellectualist legend... the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophy of mind

...that intentionality is a mental state which is a chemical-biological phenomena innate in human beings, hence can only be replicated biologically and never mechanically. This further strengthens the uniqueness and irreplaceability of human beings, thus, putting in check any attempt or ambition of doing otherwise. To make his point, Searle makes use of a Chinese Room Argument. Here, Searle illustrates that computationalism is very wrong in thinking that the human mind is simply a computational device and thus the ability of the machine to compute could be perceived as thinking; and that functionalism is very wrong in thinking that by enabling the machine to follow...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Philosophy of mind (Cognition)

.... What the discourse has left philosophers in the current times are a variety of possibilities—each inherently saddled with inadequacies and pitfalls, and supported by arguments and logic. Even though, as is often the case, philosophy has not provided a solution to the mind/body problem, looking outside the philosophy of mind to the realm of the neurosciences has not provided anyone with a sufficient answer either. Thus, the very thing which makes the philosophy of mind unattractive makes it irresistible: the very paradoxical nature of the mind/body problem, even while it repels people with irreducible...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Philosophy mind and world

...Philosophy Mind and World NEXT I EXAMINED ATTENTIVELY WHAT I WAS Philosophy Mind and World Abstract ‘Next I examined what I was’ compares the description of the self and its metaphysical existence by Rene Descartes and Martin Heidegger. It can be argued that Descartes has been more successful in undertaking the task of explanation of the dual self than Heidegger. While Descartes’ theory of dualism defines the body to be simply an extended and non thinking thing and the self simply as a thinking and...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Philosophy of mind

...and most religious books teach about the nature of the soul (or mind) as separate and distinct from the physical body and brain. If we believe in the dualistic philosophy that the universe is not restricted to matter, then there is relatively strong evidence (scientific and rational) that supports body-mind dualism. The most challenging problem that dualism seems to solve is the relationship that exists between the apparently immaterial mind and the material body. In the subsequent section, this paper looks at some arguments for and against dualism. Recent Dualist Arguments In the modern conception of the mind-body problem, Descartes’...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

Rene Descarte

...Rene Descartes introduces a philosophy of consciousness and self realization. He applies the art of doubt to solve problems and bring forth the existence of self. In the cognito , he reflects the possibilities and facts about consciousness. In the initial statement of cognito reaffirms his believe in self existence he says “so after considering everything very thoughtfully, I must finally conclude that this preposition, I am, I exist…..” (17) . In fuller conclusion the issues of doubt is brought up “under thought I embrace all that which is in us so that we are immediately aware of it, a thing which exists thinks is a thing which doubts ,...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

The Philosophy of Mind me or conceived in my mind” (Christofidou 41). And then he defines a ‘thinking’ being as “a thing that doubts, understands, affirms, denies, is willing, is unwilling, and also imagines and has sensory perceptions” (Morton 81). This series of arguments led him to his concluding point: the mind is not part of the physical world. In particular, an important outcome of Descartes’s argument was a deep disunion between mind and body. Descartes believed that the mind and body are made up of different components (Dawson 58): “Indeed the idea I have of the human mind, in so far as it is a...
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Descarte's Philosophy of Calling Mind as a Thinking Thing for FREE!

Contact Us