Nobody downloaded yet

Relativism: Goodman's theory - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Name Class Professor Date Lenn Goodman argues that there are certain things that are simply wrong. Do you think Goodman is right? It is quite refreshing that a treatise is made available that pushes forth the idea that not all things are relative. In an age of subjectivity and relativism where values and concepts of right and wrong are dependent on one’s interpretation, arguing otherwise is just brave…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER98.8% of users find it useful
Relativism: Goodmans theory
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Relativism: Goodman's theory"

Download file to see previous pages Goodman’s disagreement on Matilal’s idea of pluralism that human norms differ from one society to another, one culture to another was also well founded. While in many aspect true, right and wrong is not just about common consent but unanimity. For what is agreed by many may not necessarily mean right. In addition, Matilal’s assertions have political colors considering that he is subconsciously seeking for approval and legitimacy of some of India norms which may be despicable in other cultures. Matilal’s four rubric of morality, namely, respect for life, deference to truth, abhorrence of theft, and rejection of adultery although laudable, is not enough and cannot stand against the test of universality. Such, Goodman puts forth the four areas which human experience, regardless of time, culture, understanding, religion or circumstance will always be wrong and cannot be justified by relativity. We already know them but Goodman, put coherence and logic why these acts are not to be done in the first place. They are; (1) genocide, politically induced famine, and germ warfare; (2) terrorism, hostage taking, and child warriors; (3) slavery, polygamy, and incest; and (4) rape and female genital cutting. We already know that murder is wrong much more when it is done on mass scale with genocide. Goodman succinctly put the argument that we already know but cannot articulate that “all living beings make claims to life”. It is so sacred that even states who have jurisdiction over individuals and institutions are ceasing to impose death as a capital punishment in deference to life. Murder on mass scale is not only horrific by its numbers but also by the intent on why it was done. It is prejudice, discrimination, hatred that had been assigned a character and is projected to certain group of people to make it as an enemy and justify atrocity. It is not even limited to a tyrant’s prejudice, but can also be glossed over with good intention such as Maoist Cultural Revolution where “he was ready, he bragged in 1958, to sacrifice 300 million, half of China’s population, “for the victory of world revolution.” Goodman also hit the head of the nail to bury the very reason why terrorism is utterly wrong. His reasoning stood above the excuse of justifying terror that “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter”. The excuse of subjectivity, that one group may disagree while another may find it laudable was dwarfed with Goodman’s exposure and giving terror a face why it is just wrong. It willfully targets non-combatants who intend to intimidate and attract attention at the cost of many lives that ended, dreams that were shattered, and obligations were left unfulfilled. Its obscenity and flagrancy as an act was exposed when Goodman rightfully conveyed that in terrorism, “the more helpless the victims, the more lurid the light. . . The more devastating the damage, the more inhumane, the more avidly is it sought by the strategists, ideologues, and theologians of terror”. The vileness of intention which was unmasked by Goodman just stripped terrorism any of its political justification that made it acceptable to some sectors in society. The excuse of addressing terrors “root cause” also became moot as Goodman explained that soft pedaling the act of sowing fear make them pushes the ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Relativism: Goodman's theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from
(Relativism: Goodman'S Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words)
“Relativism: Goodman'S Theory Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Relativism: Goodman's theory

Thomas Kuhn`s Pradigm theory

.... These databases are capable of data input, map data storage, data queries, data retrieval and display of mapping data according to user’s requirement. All these functions are integrated in a system. Due to the development of mapping databases, digital mapping was available in 1980s. Hence, a new paradigm and a “new normal science” was formed in the 1970s to 1980s. Since the early 1980's to 1990's, due to technical limitations, financial problems and lengthy process of database development for mapping, the expansion of the database was restricted. This marked another era of crisis and scientific revolutions, fitting in with Kuhn’s theory. In the mid-1990s, with the advancement of...
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay

Cultural Relativism

...What is the definition of cultural relativism? Discuss some of the cultural mores in the memoir and how they affect the ordinary lives of the characters. Is it fair to judge these cultural norms or is it incorrect to compare our civilization to that China in the mid-20th century? Cultural relativism is related to a natural theory of evolution that views the cultural and linguistic diversity of human civilization globally as related to unique aspects of geographical isolation and parallel development. Maria Baghramian traces cultural relativism as back as Herodotus, and cites the woks of Montaigne, Dilthey ("Patterns of Culture"), and Frank Boas as the important figures...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Homosexuality. Theory of Ethical Egoism and Theory of Cultural Relativism

...? Theory of Ethical Egoism The theory of ethical egoism implicates that the moral agents always tend to act in their own self-interests. This reaction is quite voluntary and well thought of when it comes to facing a situation that needs to make prompt decisions. This is a form of consequentialism. As the term suggests, the reaction of a moral agent is the result of the consequences around him. To fight a particular situation requires high level decision making. The theory of ethical egoism relates honesty with relationships. The reaction of the ethical egoists may be in their individual self-interest but there is no harmful effect of this reaction on the opponents (Louis P. Pojman, 2008)....
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Cultural Relativism

...? Cultural Relativism Cultural relativism refers to the individuality of cultures, their customs, ethics and beliefs. All cultures, as defined by cultural relativism, are entitled to their own way of doing things without being judged by others, because cultures have different moral standards. All cultures are also entitled to their own believes, in addition to having equal value. Cultural relativism as a concept also explains why it is right for a particular society to do something while it is morally wrong for another society to do the same thing. For example, it is considered morally wrong for a Muslim to eat pork while for person from another religion, eating pork has no negative impact on his/her morals. Cultural diversity... is the...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Cultural Relativism

...Anthropologist as they manage to study cultures of people tend to first suspend their own cultural background in order to prevent themselves from making interpretations and judgement that is based on their own cultural breeding. It is in the idea that each culture should be understood and interpreted and judge within the social behavior and norms itself. This method is what they call as cultural relativism, wherein a relativist believes and holds to the idealogy that practices and beliefs are relative and dependent to every culture. Application of relativism is so important in gathering facts, as to present cultural differences of every society, groups and race. It is an advantage anyway to apply relativism in some points most... ...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Moral Relativism and Plato’s Euthyphro Hilary Putnam, relativism makes it almost impossible to accept that one is wrong or one can commit an error. If there is an absence of complete truth beyond the belief of an individual, then an individual would not be able to able to uphold their own beliefs into an error, false or mistake. Perceptional difference is essential but in some places acceptance of negation is equally demanding. This is the area which is completely nullified when it comes to relative truth and there lies the greatest limitation of the theory. Moral Relativism Moral relativism is an umbrella term that encompasses various views and arguments possessed by people from different cultures. Moral...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay


...Relativism It is undeniable that one of the most highly valued virtues is forgiveness. Many societies and cultures across the world consider forgiveness among the virtues that hold the society together. People are expected to forgive and forget the wrong done to them by others. Most of the cultures that are primarily based on Christianity uphold forgiveness as one of the top virtues. This is not surprising considering the fact that Christianity is based on forgiveness of sin. Likewise, Christian societies and cultures built on Christian grounds become a forgiving society. However, this is quite different from cultures based on Islam. Although Islamic religion upholds forgiveness as a virtue, there is an appreciable deviation... from this...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Freud''s theory

...Freud’s Theory Applied Here are some ways Freudian theory can be applied to this boy’s case. Freudian theory talks about the conscious and the unconscious mind. the conscious mind involves everything a person is aware of; while, the unconscious mind involves things that lie outside of awareness, like desires, wishes, past memories, etc. The concept of the unconscious mind can be applied in the given case in a sense that the boy might have experienced bully in his childhood, or he might have seen his father bullying his mother. The bullying he experienced influenced his behavior that he became violent toward others or toward females if he saw his mother getting bullied in the past. It got...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Aristotle's Theory

... Aristotle against Epiphenomenalism In the modern scientific knowledge, epiphenomenalism is a teaching, considering the mind and consciousness as phenomena, which only accompany physiological processes (Robinson). Epiphenomenalism suggests that mental processes do not play an active role in a causal link defining various physiological states. The mind-body problem is being examined through the denial of the significance of mental processes in the physiological functioning of the body. Analyzing the philosophy of Aristotle, one can argue that he does not support epiphenomenalism. Despite the fact that Aristotle believes that the soul exists until there is a body, the philosopher recognizes activity of the mental processes... Aristotle against...
1 Pages(250 words)Essay

Sigmund Frued's theory

... with a client, his boss surprisingly blasts him for his inappropriate behavior with the client. The therapy would focus on the state of consciousness of the latent content, in which the dream analysis explores the hidden meaning of the dream. This can help unlock his suppressed emotions that deny him the ability to escape his oral fixation and learn to interact with people appropriately. In Freudian therapy, self-help brings about healing. Normally, the best a therapist can do is to offer advice on self-help, but provide no further assistance. Reference Freud, S. (2008). General Psychological Theory: Papers on Metapsychology. New York: Simon and Schuster.... Sigmund Freud Theory Sigmund Freud Theory Hank...
2 Pages(500 words)Case Study
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Relativism: Goodman's theory for FREE!

Contact Us