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The Principles of Positivism - Research Paper Example

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This essay focuses on the version of ‘positive philosophy’ that the only existing knowledge is one of the phenomena. It discusses positivism in terms of methodology, or technical issues of the survey method – is considered nowadays a predominant approach to the construction of social research…
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The Principles of Positivism
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Download file to see previous pages   According to that concept, the constant sequences that unite the phenomena as antecedent and consequent are their laws and all foresight of phenomena depend on knowledge of their sequences, and not upon any notion formed in respect of their origin or nature (Mill, 1882). The doctrine of ‘Positivism’ had been later elaborated in a subsequent work of Auguste Compte, A General View of Positivism, which is credited with defining the empirical goals of sociology (Compte, 1848; Guneriussen, 1996).
Compte’s ideas had profoundly inspired the oeuvre of Emile Durkheim, whose works on the methodology of sociology, like The Rules of Sociological Method (1895), are considered a significant example of positivist social science (Guneriussen, 1996). Another descendant of Compte’s mode of thought appears the ‘logical positivism’, or neopositivism, propagated by a group of “scientifically trained philosophers and philosophically interested scientists” known as ‘the Vienna Circle’, whose most prominent protagonists were the mathematician Hans Hahn, the physicist Philipp Frank, and the social scientist Otto Neurath; following the World War I the circle included Moritz Schlick, the philosopher Viktor Kraft, as well as the mathematicians Theodor Radacovic and Gustav Bergmann, and, since 1926, the philosopher and logician Rudolf Carnap (Uebel, 2011).
‘Positivism’ is seen by Auguste Compte as consisted of two inseparable components - “a Philosophy and a Polity”, the first of which being the basis, and second - the end of “one comprehensive system” (1848, p.1).   ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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