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The Positive and Negative Implications of Football Opportunities - Term Paper Example

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According to the current paper, two models of disability informs perspectives and treatment of the disabled.  One model is the medical model, also known as the ‘personal tragedy theory’ which assumes that disability is an individual problem for which professional assistance is required…
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The Positive and Negative Implications of Football Opportunities
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Download file to see previous pages This is a significant setback for the disabled as participation in sport helps the disabled to develop skills that contribute to feelings of self-empowerment (Blinde and Taub, 1999: 181). Another way of conceptualizing disability is the social theory of hegemony which explains how dominant norms marginalize the disabled to a point where it appears to be a normal perspective (Hammell, 2006: 76).
Liberia’s amputee football programme provides an opportunity for self-empowerment and healing for a stigmatized group of amputees who were casualties in the country’s civil war (International Committee of the Red Cross, 2009). This essay conducts a review of the positive and negative implications of football (soccer) opportunities for Liberia’s amputees. The social and medical models of disability together with hegemony theory are used in analyzing the positive and negative implications.
Liberia’s amputee football team is made up of men who were either fighters or civilians who had lost either an arm or a leg in Liberia’s civil wars which lasted from 1989 to 2003 (Griffin, 2012, 93). For example, Joseph Kolobeh was abducted at age 11 by ‘government rebels’ and forced to fight in wars. A grenade caused a serious injury to one of his arms which was subsequently amputated. Richard Duo was a refugee at a church in Monrovia, Liberia where the government’s forces attacked and killed virtually everyone in the church. The duo lost his entire family in the attack and suffered a severed leg which was subsequently amputated (Griffin, 2012, 94).
According to Paul Tolbert, the team’s coach, participating in Liberia’s amputee soccer league has served as a means of therapeutic healing for the amputees (ICRC, 2009).  ...Download file to see next pages Read More
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