Chinas One Child Policy - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Population policies and campaigns are common to China. In fact, the emergence of these tight population control schemes dates back to 1950's. In the 1970s, the country launched the "One is good, two is ok and three is too many" campaign.
One Child Policy is undoubtedly one of the most extreme measures taken by the People's Republic of China to curb overpopulation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER97.8% of users find it useful
Chinas One Child Policy
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Chinas One Child Policy"

China's One Child Policy Population policies and campaigns are common to China. In fact, the emergence of these tight population control schemes s back to 1950's. In the 1970s, the country launched the "One is good, two is ok and three is too many" campaign.
One Child Policy is undoubtedly one of the most extreme measures taken by the People's Republic of China to curb overpopulation. This policy takes effect during 1979 and requires all couples in mainland China to have no more than one child. However, this policy is somehow misconceived. Contrary to the common knowledge that One Child Policy is implemented in the entire China, the Economic and Social Commissions for Asia and the Pacific states that "the actual location varies from location to location." Accordingly, in most rural areas, families are allowed to have two children if the first child is female. In addition, second children are subject to birth spacing of three or four years. If more children are born in the family, this will result in fines. It is reported that most families are required to "pay economic penalties and cannot receive bonuses from the birth control program (One Child Policy 2)." Privileges are given to children in one child families one of which is lower payment.
China's One Child Policy is in response to the high population growth during the 1970s when an average woman gave birth to six children. The large number of children becomes acceptable as "parents traditionally relied on a large number of offspring to provide an economic security blanket (Fong 1)." Another purpose of the initiative is to help the country "leapfrog from a Third-World economy to a First-World economy by mimicking the First World fertility and educational patterns."
The One Child Policy has a great impact in China. The Taipei Times report that it leaves the country with a huge shortage of women. During 1982, China's gender ratio had stayed relatively normal with 100 girls for every 108 boys. In 2002, however, there has been an imbalance brought about the One Child Policy driving down the number of girls relative to boys to 117 to 100. It is observed that an even larger disparity is present in rural areas to as high as 130 to 100. The shortage of women is expected to be a cause of widespread women prostitution and women trafficking (McCurry and Allison 9).
The Ed magazine reports that the initial goal of China of gaining an economy which can be comparable to First World failed. Though the expected slow growth in the population was achieved, the country's economy was not able to kept pace and provide opportunities for the relatively smaller population. It is observed that a high value is placed on the education of the singletons where families choose to invest on the high cost of education in order to have a good future. The result is that the families' most talented son-or in rare cases daughter-were sent to high school and college leading to what Fong calls "diploma inflation." This diploma inflation makes prospective employees to secure a job because the positions which previously required a vocational degree now require a higher educational attainment. In most cases, a four-year course is needed to become a bank teller.
Another huge implication of the One Child Policy is the country's aging population. The old population is left in the economy who are currently dependent on retirement fund, state, and charity for support.
Works Cited
McCurry Justin and Rebecca Allison. "One Child policy leaves china with a huge shortage of women." The Guardian London. 23 March 2004: 9
"One Child Policy." Wikipedia-The Free Encyclopedia. 8 May 2006. Mediawiki. May 8 2006 <> Vanessa Fong. "China's One Child Policy Comes of Age." Ed Magazine. 01 September 2004 Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Chinas One Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words”, n.d.)
Chinas One Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words. Retrieved from
(Chinas One Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words)
Chinas One Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words.
“Chinas One Child Policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Chinas One Child Policy

One-Child Policy

...?Precis One child policy of China was its family planning program that was introduced in 1979 as population control mechanism and implemented from 1978 on first born children. During Mao Zedong’s leadership, while the birth rate had fallen from 37% to 20% and children mortality decreased from 227/1000 to 53/1000 from 1949 to 1981, the life expectancy had literally doubled from 35 years to 65 years by 1976. The population too had jumped from 540 million to 940 million in the same period. The family planning program had therefore, become critical for socio-economic growth of the nation. It was designed for one generation but in 2008, it was extended for...
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy

...China’s One Child Policy Introduction China's compulsory one-child population policy was initially established based on the 1980 population factors. The factors included signs of overpopulation (Chen 403). During this time, the people were happy with the revision of China’s prior cultural concepts. The citizens were eagerly wallowing in the government’s cultural success. The present 2013 China government’s cancelling the prior one child policy indicates the prior policy had several...
6 Pages(1500 words)Research Paper

One-child Policy

...? One-child Policy Introduction The policy of one-child which was initially implemented by the government of People’s Republic of China in 1979, as atool for family planning looking at the grave consequence in the long term, has been viewed to be possible course of action that could be undertaken by other large democracies like US, India, etc. Apart from the government’s initiative to implement the one-child policy, a major section of the educated class of people in these countries has started to consider the advantages and the drawbacks of the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

One-child policy in china

... One-Child Policy in China The government of China has established and implemented a one-child policy in order to control the country’s population, and currently, over 90 per cent of urban children and over 60 per cent of rural children have no siblings (Chen 74). Actually, during the 1970s, China had introduced a two-child policy to curb the rapid population growth (Von 4). Practically, one-child policy in China has been formulated for three decades now, and most couples are expected to have only one child, with the exception of ethnic minorities and rural residents to have more than one child (Zhai and Gao 746). Therefore, no family was expected to illegally have a second child after 1979 when one-child policy was introduced... , but the...
8 Pages(2000 words)Research Paper

Compose an essay addressing Chinas one-child policy. Why was this policy determined to be the best option for China to reduce population growth What is the

...Running Head: CHINA’S ONE CHILD POLICY China’s One-Child Policy: Birth Control and Chinese Demographics By of China’sOne-Child Policy has been effective in reducing the Chinese population, however, the negative ramifications outweigh the short-term benefits experienced. Due to an over burgeoning population that had been negatively affecting the country for decades, China implemented a single-child policy in 1979, which required each family to limit their child bearing to one, or face...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Chinas One Child Policy

...CHINA’S ONE CHILD POLICY China’s One Child Policy has been around for several years now, long enough to allow a certain amount of perspective on the vociferous debate that has surrounded this issue. It is one of the foremost examples, worldwide, of a state interfering in the most basic right a person has: the right to reproduce. When the state takes away this right, they have in effect taken away a person’s purpose for living—if you believe life is on earth in order to propagate. As such, this policy has consequences for all of us, especially Chinese people who have been...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay

China's One Child Policy

...Chinas One Child Policy Table of Contents What is Chinas One Child Policy? 3 When And Why Was It Instituted? 4 What Have the Effects of such a Policy Been? 4 In What Ways Are The Effects Of This Policy Connected To The Neo-Confucian Family Values Discussed In Chapter 23? 5 5 Works Cited 7 What is Chinas One Child Policy? In the year 1979, a population control law was introduced titled as One-Child Policy to control the burgeoning populace and to diminish...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay

Chinas One-Child Policy

...Case Study – China’s One Child Policy Outline Introduction: The essay aims to presents detailed analysis of the case study focused upon ‘China One Childpolicy’. The policy aims to restrict the population growth by putting restriction on the number of children ‎a Chinese couple could have (Merli and Raftery, 2000). ‎ What is One Child Policy? ‎: In China the policy behind birth planning is more popularly and commonly known as the “onechild policy”. ‎The committee claims that about approximately 36% of China’s population is subjected to the ‎one child restriction policy (Christoph, 2010).‎ Implementation and History: China was at the verge of being overcrowded due to which a number of social and economic ‎problems also occurred... ...
8 Pages(2000 words)Case Study

One-child policy

...of the English of the Concerned 13 April One-Child Policy Introduction As far as the science and art of developmental economics is concerned, the impact of population on the economic development of a nation is a theme about which there exists an abundance of literature. The assessments of the varied schools of economics regarding the influence of the population and the demographic makeup of a nation on its economic development tend to vary a lot. While some schools of economics happen to be utterly optimistic regarding this issue, others happen to be cynically pessimistic. Most of the China observers while delving on the nature of global peace and development tend to...
6 Pages(1500 words)Essay

One child policy in China

...One Child Policy in China The One Child Policy is a family planning initiative that exists in the People’s Republic of China. The policy was introduced to bolster family planning efforts by the government of China. It was introduced in 1978 (Feng, Poston Jr. and Wang 17). It was then enacted one year later in 1979. The policy restricts families to have only one child in an effort to control the population. The aim of the policy was to relieve from the pressure of a rapidly growing...
4 Pages(1000 words)Research Paper
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Chinas One Child Policy for FREE!

Contact Us