Nobody downloaded yet

Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Although the word family is mentioned frequently and forcefully in many discussions about society and its direction, the word is rarely defined. One of the primary problems with definitions of any sort is that it requires generalisations that might go so far as to make the exercise useless…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.2% of users find it useful
Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample
"Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family"

Download file to see previous pages Traditionally, family is equated with the nuclear family of a married mother and father and their children. Marriage can best be defined as a legal or socially mandated arrangement between two people usually featuring sexual intercourse and consisting of both privileges and obligations (Kendall, 1998, p. 247). This couple, and its dependents, are 'a relatively permanent group of people related by ancestry, marriage or adoption, who live together, form an economic unit, and take care of their young' (Eitzen and Baca-Zinn, 2003, p. 436). This unit is primarily responsible for the 'achievement of adult satisfaction and social integration' (Ross and Sawhill, 1975, p. 3), which is why Sociologist are so interested in its functions and repercussions.
Between the 1940's and 1970's, the prevalent theory in the field was the markedly anti-Marxist structural functionalism, which is most frequently identified with the work of Talcott Parsons. For the Functionalists, individual self-interest, although pursued with some frequency, is not the only motivator of people, as these would make organised societies impossible. Men and women behave in accordance to shared ethical standards and mutual expectations, and these behaviours are 'internalised in the motivational systems of individuals' (Johnson, 1993, p. 116). In this system, 'people act on the basis of their values; their actions are oriented and constrained by the values and norms of people around them; and these norms and values are the basis of social order' (Knapp, 1994, p. 191-192).
So where does family fit in According to Parsons:
A social system consists in a plurality of individual actors interacting with each other in a situation which has at least a physical or environmental aspect, actors who are motivated in terms of a tendency to the "optimisation of gratification" and whose relation to their situations, including each other, is defined and mediated in terms of a system of culturally structured and shared symbols (Parsons, 1951, p. 5-6).

In other words, society consists of a large number of different people interacting in different physical locations. These people are able to communicate through culturally determined methods, and this mutually understood communication is possible even if the individuals are interacting for the first time. This socialisation is not natural-it is a skill, and the learning process begins at a very early age within the family unit. This is only one of the functions of family within the social order. In fact, the importance of family to the functionalist model lies in the universal functions it provides (Robertson, 1989). In addition to socialisation, these functions are: regulation on sexual behaviour; member replacement (providing society with new members via childbirth); safety and care; social placement and emotional support. These initial functions provided the foundation for the more complex relationships required for interaction with society on a larger scale.
Although the functionalist perception of family as a heterosexual married couple with children seems rather stagnant and old-fashioned now, that does not mean it was a static concept. Even though the family did not cause great social transformation, it did modify when such shifts occurred. As families had existed for countless years and ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family Essay”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/people/1505798-functionalist-and-feminist-views-of-the-family
(Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family Essay)
“Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/people/1505798-functionalist-and-feminist-views-of-the-family.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document
The Gross Profit Margin of Mark Equipment Pty Ltd
On the basis of Mark Angelo’s steady financial state, the bank could offer him a credit card, an overdraft facility, a home loan or a personal loan as per his personal or business requirement. The bank could also offer Mark Angelo mortgage bonds in the form of home loans, wherein the credit offered by the bank would be protected by a mortgage on the house.
13 Pages(3250 words)Essay
Comparing and contrasting functionalist,marxist and feminist perspective on religion
The theorists like Marx Weber, Karl Marx and Emile Durkheim have different views on Religion. Emile Durkheim presented his functionalist perspective of religion in his work The Elementary Forms of Religious Life (Thio 385). He emphasized that religion functions to preserve social order.
9 Pages(2250 words)Essay
Children education
The main differences found between the two methods of teaching and learning included student behavior, efficient use of teacher’s and students’ time, student independence, use of playful learning, inclusion of art, music and physical movement and academic learning.
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
Prescription, Nonprescription, and Herbal Medication
According to the report the elderly group lacks the capacity to communicate effectively and consult widely concerning different drugs. The geriatric population presents a higher rate of adverse drug reactions because of the physiologic changes that occur with aging. The geriatric population exhibits a diverse range of medical conditions.
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper
Describe functionalism and critiqued it with Feminism inrelation to family
It represents a way of analysing the organization of social phenomena, however, discounting the significance of individuals and family since it
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay
Compare and contrast functionalist and marxist perspectives including feminist perspectives
While functionalism provides a consensus perspective, Marxism and feminism provide a conflict perspective. Each of the perspectives focuses on the family as central to society, and each differently interprets the relationship between social change and the family (Bond,
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay
Sociology - Discuss the argument that the family is in decline
The functionalist approach in sociology attests to a decline of the family unit in the 21st century; however literature from the
4 Pages(1000 words)Essay
Functionalist, Conflict, & Interactionist Views
Latent, manifesto functions and dysfunctions are distinguished under functionalist perspective. Manifesto encompass functions that are apparent for instance
1 Pages(250 words)Essay
Family sociology
Family is one of the main social institutions that have a great impact on the society. The role of family in a society is expected to help in promoting growth of the individual as well as the society as a whole. Understanding the
11 Pages(2750 words)Essay
Definition, Structure and Functions of Family
Thus, this paper sought to present the different definitions of family. In addition, it outlines the essential role of family in the society. This paper also presents the different theoretical approaches of family including the functionalist perspective, conflict/feminist perspective, symbolic interactionist, and postmodernist.
16 Pages(4000 words)Essay
Nuclear Family
According to the report nuclear family is a family made up of the parents and their children. In the modern world, nuclear family is, actually, the most common form of family. This essay analyzes some of the family theories, it is good to first give the definition of a family. There are differences among scholars on the relevance and role of family.
7 Pages(1750 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.
Let us find you another Essay on topic Functionalist and Feminist Views of the Family for FREE!
logo footer
Contact us:
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • StudentShare App Store
  • StudentShare Google play
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • Miscellaneous
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us