Nobody downloaded yet

Motivation at Work - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
There is no secret to having motivated employees. However, there are theories that can help managers to successfully motivate employees. These theories are divided into two general categories. The first category is made up of the content theories and these focus on the basic needs and drives of individuals and how they contribute to motivation…
Download full paperFile format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER96.2% of users find it useful
Motivation at Work
Read TextPreview

Extract of sample "Motivation at Work"

Download file to see previous pages The first motivational theory that will be considered is Maslow's hierarchy of needs theory. This is a content theory that states that there are five levels of needs that an individual moves through. The first level is physiological needs, which refers to the basic need for food and shelter. The second level is safety needs, which includes having job security. The third level is belongingness needs, which refers to an individual's need to feel like they are part of something and to feel that their contribution is important. The fourth level is esteem, which refers to an individual's need to feel good about themselves, including feeling that their work is appreciated. The fifth and final level is self-actualisation, which refers to the individual feeling that they are realising their potential. This final level represents the individual being at their most motivated. At this point, the employee works to be the best that they can be, while feeling maximum satisfaction and while also feeling that their contribution is valued. The important thing about the hierarchy is that individuals cannot achieve any stage without first progressing through the earlier stages (Daft 1997, p. 529). Therefore, an employee cannot reach the self-actualisation stage if their physiological, safety, belongingness and esteem needs have not first been met. This means that a manager must ensure that every level of need is provided for if they want employees to be highly motivated. The first level is physiological needs, which is the need for food. To provide for this need, the manager needs to ensure that employees are adequately compensated. The next stage is safety needs. Safety needs have been provided for when employees feel that they have job security and that they are physically safe within the workplace. The third stage is belongingness needs, which refers to an employee's need to feel that they are part of something. This means ensuring that employees know their role in the organisation and how they fit into the organisation as a whole. The fourth stage is esteem needs, which is the employee's need to feel good about themselves. To achieve this, employees need to be praised for their actions. This praise could be in the form of a monetary reward, an award for their efforts, or a simple thank you. This can also be achieved by giving the employee an opportunity to achieve that they feel like they are contributing. The final stage is self-actualisation. This stage occurs when all other needs have been met. At this stage, employees work for themselves, as much as for the company, where they desire to achieve goals because it matters to them. This is the maximum motivation achievable based on the fact that all individuals will ultimately value themselves more than anyone else. This theory can be applied by managers by recognising the level that employees are at and taking actions to help them progress through the stages until they reach the maximum level of motivation.
The next theory that will be considered is ERG theory. It is another content theory and is quite similar to Maslow's theory. ERG theory describes three levels of motivation: existence needs, relatedness needs, and growth needs. The first level of existence needs is similar to Maslow ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
(“Motivation at Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words”, n.d.)
Motivation at Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 words. Retrieved from
(Motivation at Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
Motivation at Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words.
“Motivation at Work Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document


Psychology- Work and Motivation

...? Psychology- Work and Motivation Grade 15.11 This paper will deal with theories of work motivation and job attitudes and how these theories can be applied in a wok situation. It will also show how these theories complement each other in a work situation, and how they affect motivation or job attitudes of the employees. The theories to be looked at here will be the needs theory, the equity theory and the theory of work characteristics. The purpose of this document is to demonstrate how these theories complement each other when applied in a work situation and how they impact on motivation...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Work Motivation Theories

...?Work Motivation Theories Introduction Motivating employees is very important in ensuring that they contribute to the success of the organization. Motivation resulting from equitable treatment of employees has been attributed to the increasing creativity among employees. Creativity leads to the development of important ideas, which is atopic of increasing interest and value to the organization as the pace and uncertainty of work continue to increase. Motivation is thought to improve creativity by creating favorable conditions for exploration and risk taking. Motivation has been explained according to the equity theory and...
10 Pages(2500 words)Research Paper

Work motivation

...? Work Motivation Introduction Norsk Petroleum is an organization with its main headquarters in Oslo, Norway. This organization dealswith gas and oil exploration. Over the recent past, many experts in this organization have been resigning and joining competitors in the industry. Examples of experts leaving this company to go and work inother companies include Elizabeth Pedersen and Ola Rennemo. Their work motivation can be explained through a number of theories including Maslow hierarchy of needs motivational model, Herzberg motivational theory, and McClelland’s motivational needs theory. This paper...
4 Pages(1000 words)Case Study

To what extent does positive psychology represent a new approach to motivation at work

...? and Positive psychology is a branch of psychology that aims at promoting and emphasizing on the need and benefits of positive thoughts. Its different ideas are based on directing people on how to flourish, how to have a satisfying and meaningful life and the importance of happiness in one’s life. It aims at building peoples strong traits, values and self esteem. Positive psychology is not positive thinking as shall be demonstrated in this work. Work motivation focuses on the forces from within and without that affects an employee’s attitude, behavior and attitude in a company or workplace. Positive psychology has been introduced in the work place, but how effective is...
10 Pages(2500 words)Essay

Motivation and Work Design

...? Motivation and work design January Motivation and work design Introduction Organizational operations focus on effective utilization of resources towards their objectives that can be profit optimization of social utility. Efficiency in involved resources is therefore a priority and motivation of human resource towards is fundamental. Motivation defines a reason for an act or a behaviour, may be intrinsic or extrinsic, and plays a significant role in workplaces. The two motivators however have different scopes and it is important that leaders and managers understand their significance and strategies for monitoring their...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Psychology (Work motivation)

...College: PSYCHOLOGY Work Motivation Work motivation has been one of the major issues affecting the performances of most companies and all work places in the world, generally, the success of any business depends largely on the willingness of the employee to work and cooperate towards the achievement of the business goal and objectives. (Truma, 1999, p.13) Truman (1999, p.13) argued that, the good morale of work force enhances the profitability of the business. This is so because, people work under minimum supervision thus increasing productivity of the business enterprises. According to Truman (1999...
3 Pages(750 words)Essay

Work Motivation

...Work motivation It is impossible to imagine contemporary business without the direct influence on corporate personnel, which implies stimulation of appropriate behavior and job performance. Motivation theories are thus a vital theoretical framework, the applicability of which varies among businesses, but is in general quite universal. Nevertheless, certain theories are gradually becoming out of date in response to the newest technological advancements, whereas the others can be extrapolated to any type and epoch of commercial and managerial settings. The present paper is designed to discuss two motivation theories, which are goal-setting and cognitive evaluation theories. Goal-setting theory, created and conceptualized by E.Locke... ...
4 Pages(1000 words)Assignment

Motivation At Work

...goals and objectives. As we know that there are three elements in motivation they are:- 1. Intensity which is concerned with hard working that is how hard a person tries to achieve a goal or an objective 2. Direction is mostly based with effort that is directed towards the achievement 3. Persistence is mostly based the effort of an individual. Motivational theories are divided into following theories. They are as follows:- Hierarchy of needs theory: this is the most common theory which is used in motivation. This theory is also known as Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. This theory is based on every 5 needs of the hierarchy. And those needs are as follows:-...
8 Pages(2000 words)Essay

Motivation at work

... number The analysis of a brief text on Employee motivation at work Introduction Motivation is an extremely important aspect of organizations today in the way it leads to organizational success. It is an important component through which managers ensure that they focus on other employees and offer them the will to continue working towards the goals and objectives of the organization. With motivation today, most employees feel that they have been integrated within the activities of the organization, which include decision making. With this, they are able to put more efforts in their organizational activities since participation in most of the organizations is made mandatory and hence reduce the amount of staff turnover. Thus... the...
5 Pages(1250 words)Essay


... 2 2 4 3 5 4 4 5 6 5 7 3 8 3 9 5 10 5 11 5 12 4 13 4 14 3 15 4 Total score 57 Score: 45-59 = generally Y-theory management 1 4 2 5 3 3 4 5 5 1 6 4 7 3 8 3 9 5 10 5 11 5 12 4 13 4 14 5 15 4 Total score 60 60-75 = strongly prefers Y-theory management 1. How do your two scores relate to your experience at work? Based on the scores obtained above, they depict my commitment to the job that I normally do happily on daily basis. This is because I am self-motivated rather than motivated to work by my boss or supervisors. Coming up with a working schedule in my place of work is a privilege to be able to deliver quality job within appropriate and set time. Therefore, I always try to be creative in planning my job tasks as well as coming... far...
2 Pages(500 words)Essay
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Motivation at Work for FREE!

Contact Us