Topic: Compare and contrast two of the following theories of social development: Modernisation theory and World systems theory Introduction Modernization theory and World systems theory are different theories which focus on the social development and progress of society and world as a whole…
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In modernization theory various Marxist concepts are explained which is related to the development and underdevelopment of certain countries. Here the social and economical development of countries and inequality existing between countries in relation to technology and other aspects are explained. In world system theory the focus is on the capitalist fashion of world system existing across the globe. This world system has few particular features which it has maintained throughout the centuries that globalization seems like an unfair concept. The modern world system had it beginning in the 16th century where there was an up rise of feudalism in the western world. This demanded innovation of new technology and rise of industrialization which lead the spread of European trade to other parts of the world. According to Hall (2000,pg 23) “Wallerstein’s modern world system is only the most recent transformation of the ancient one “The military strength and transportation of the western world became strong which enhanced the economic ties of countries with each other. There existed an unequal relationship between Europe and other nation which resulted in unequal social development. The overview of Modernization theory The modernization theory is a concept wherein there is a belief that by introducing modernization in agriculture, trade, transportation and technology countries can strengthen their economical and social standard. Modernization theory emphasis that underdevelopment of a country is caused by the incapability and incompetency of the internal working system of it. According to this theory, the country is undeveloped because of the values, beliefs attitude of the people, the government of the country and its policies. A country can be prospering only of it change according to the new demands of its people and tapping the resources of the country in the best possible manner. As per Blaney(2002,pg103 – 137) “Since the putative end of the Cold War, modernization is increasingly remained as a global process— as an expanding liberal zone of peace, a global civil society, or as emerging forms of global governance”. An underdeveloped country can only progress if it changes its mode from violence and uncivilization to democratic reforms. From the view point of modernization theory, the reason for underdevelopment of poor countries is due to the poor allocation of its resources throughout its traditional society. Modernization theory believes that, the development of country lies in the progress of its technology. The more the technological scenario of a country develops with the assistance of other countries the more it gets status of a developed and prosperous nation. This theory was initialized in 1960s to explain the reason for some countries being developed and other remaining under developed. In his book Anderson(2007,pg 252)writes that “Modernization theory sees economic development as a process by which traditional societies become more complex and differentiated” Modernization theory argument on social development The modernization theory argues that old cultural beliefs and norms of the traditional society of the country hampers the modernization of it. As per Sorensen(2001)“ Modernization theory makes the claim that Western capitalist values and practices are the basis for “modernizing” third world countries and helping them become self-sustaining”
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“Compare and Contrast Two of the Following Theories of Social Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1427716-compare-and-contrast-two-of-the-following-theories.
Modernization theory explains the processes involved in conversion of underdeveloped societies to modern societies. According to this optimistic theory, the only way which the Third World countries should follow to develop themselves is to adapt the modern i.e.
It has been relevant for ages to explore and explain social events and social order in accordance with theories developed by the science of sociology. In the modern times it is too hard to systematize social events with regards to sociology only. It is necessary to expand the limits of our worldview in terms of globalization processes, globalized economical and social context of the modern world.
This analysis should not just depend on the person’s perception of the proponent of the theory, but it must account for evidence of effectiveness and efficiency of application of the theory. There are numerous psychoanalytic theories for use in a diagnostic, preventive and intervention setting including theories proposed by Sigmund Freud (1856 - 1939), Carl Jung (1875 - 1961), and Carl Rogers (1902 - 1987).
Kotter’s eight step model for change management is taken as the basis for evaluating the success of the change initiative implemented in its Human Resource department. It can be seen that the organization has been successful to a large extent in implementing the same in its existing culture.
The proof of this idea is in globalization, which has become a system through which the world has now been seen to be a global village whereby each nation depends on the other for one form of development or the other. It is in the need for each nation to be its other’s keeper that brought the search for various forms of political and socio-economic theories that could best serve the interest of all sides involved, namely the developed world and the developing world.
It is a deterministic theory, in that it suggests that humans develop along lines that are not necessarily logical or rational. Additionally, there are several different terms that refer to life stages present in Freud’s original psychoanalytic theory, although these have definitely evolved.
Climate change is increasingly framed as an issue where the threats are severe, increasingly imminent and potentially catastrophic. If the worst predictions of scientists prove to be accurate, then no one will be able to escape the consequences of climate change.
Social development comprises two aspects that are closely related; application and learning. By learning, the society comes to discover better methods of accomplishing goals that may result in economic and social goals.
According to the discussion the dependency theory refers to the model explaining the notion of flow of resources. According to this theory, resources flow from the boundary or the periphery of the undeveloped and poor countries to the centre of the economically stable or the wealthy states enriching the developed countries.
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