Separation of Church and State: 1- Define the concept of "separation of church and state" Separation of Church and State is one of the governing principles under the Constitution of the United States, which forbids any interference of religion in affairs of the state…
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" First coined by Thomas Jefferson in his letter to Danbury Baptists Association in 1802, the phrase ‘separation of church and state’ does not appear as such in the Constitution. But, in the First Amendment to the constitution, it is noted that Congress “shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof”, which in spirit translates to the sentiment expressed by Jefferson in his letter. Later, when the Supreme Court quoted Jefferson’s original phrase in one of its cases, it got assimilated into American legal parlance. 3- What is the secular or liberal point of view? This governing principle is celebrated by liberal sections of American society. At the time of the country’s founding a vast majority of its people were believers of Christian faith. So, while separation of church and state was accepted at a nominal level, there was seldom any need to enforce it. But as more waves of immigrants arrived on the country’s shores, bringing with them their native religious and cultural legacies, this principle found more frequent application in matters of public dispute. To this extent, liberal politicians and commentators much appreciate this separation. 4-What was the intent of the founding fathers Even among the group of intellectuals now recognized as the founding fathers of the country there were arguments and disagreements.
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“Separation of Church and State Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1420676-separation-of-church-and-state.
This has become the basis for the separation of the Church and the State, with the Church charged with spiritual matters while the State looks after the temporal matters. However, separation of this two crucial pillars of society goes back much longer in history.
Ultimately, Jefferson believed that the relationship that a person has with God is highly personal. By extension, having a legislature that seeks to enact laws and policies that dictate how the nation should worship God would in fact interfere with a person’s personal relationship with god.
There are different reasons why people want a separation of church and state. The first reason is because the rights of the minority will probably be violated by the majority meaning members of a majority religion are favored by the state often while the minority religion are persecuted, harassed and socially shunned.
The enshrining of this separation in the constitution led to a high proliferation of religious activities in the country. With a high number of religious people in America today, the government plays no role in religion; no funding, no endorsements and no prohibitions (ADL, Para 2).
For example: some may argue that separation of state and religion means that the state or the government should not intervene in each other’s issue and they are two different things (Corbett 220). Others might argue that the separation of state and church should be seen in the context of law making and legislative operations.
(Owen 493) Though the language of the First Amendment seems clear enough on the issue of establishment and Free Exercise, the notion of "strict separation" is cloudier. The history of the debate about the role of religion often seeks to attribute particular intentions to the founding framers based on their political and religious belief and imposing those beliefs on the language of the constitution.
This means that, at times, there is a strong enticement on the part of some citizens to transform their religious principles into public policy. Specifically, if religion is a significant influence in a citizen's life, that citizen seems more probable to seek government support of religiously based values.
The fundamental queries are uncomplicated. Do worldly head of states and their group have faith in some god or groups of mysticism whose authority goes beyond that of secular governors Moreover, does a top quality class of people, pastors or other specialists in holiness, exclusively comprehend the celestial laws and desires If so, should not secular rulers, rulers or parliamentarians agree with their rule to the godly will as understood and expounded by the priestly adepts Otherwise, on the other hand, should secular rule hold itself strictly aloof from all religious questions Therefore, the church-state connection has been the focus of argument and controversies all through the past (Frase
The study leads to the conclusion that the great Western religious traditions call for the denial of the self. Life in God's presence means, basically, a life lived in the knowledge that we owe the reality of our existence not to an accident but to Divine Will. The compulsions that knowledge creates we can never fulfill, which is why the religious life is a life of determined.