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Explain the 2 clauses and 3 Key elements Contained in the fourth Amendment that specifically pertains to search and seizure. be - Essay Example

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The right of every individual from unreasonable searches and seizure is based on the most fundamental right to life, liberty and property and to avoid the abuse of authority that the government may conduct through unreasonable interference to the privacy of an individual…
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Explain the 2 clauses and 3 Key elements Contained in the fourth Amendment that specifically pertains to search and seizure. be
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Explain the 2 clauses and 3 Key elements Contained in the fourth Amendment that specifically pertains to search and seizure. be

Download file to see previous pages... As provided by the second clause and explained in the Johnson case a valid search warrant must contain the following requirement: 1.) It must be issued by a neutral and detached magistrate; 2.) there must be presented to the magistrate an adequate showing of probable cause supported by oath or affirmation, usually in the form of an affidavit from a police officer; 3.) the warrant must describe with particularity the place to be searched and the items or persons to be seized. A neutral magistrate as provided in Shadwick v. City of Tampa (1972) must be “neutral and detached” and “capable of determining whether probable cause exists for the requested arrest or search.” Probable cause on the other hand means contemplates facts and circumstances within an officer’s personal knowledge that are sufficient “to warrant a man of reasonable caution in the belief that an offense has been or is being committed.” Carroll v. United States (1925). And the standard of particularity as required for a valid warrant that the description be sufficiently precise in so that the officer executing the warrant can “with reasonable effort ascertain and identify the place intended (Steele v. Unites States [1925]) and that it leaves nothing to the discretion of the officers to inquire further (Marron v. United [1927)]). ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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