RELIGIOUS CONFLICTS Comparisons between new religious groups during the 2nd and 3rd centuries under Roman rule as well as the 16th and 17th centuries in great Europe show that the environment of the times saw many similarities and differences. In both instances, the status quo was challenged by a novel religious movement, and the balance of power was at risk of changing…
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At the worst of times, Christians were treated as complete criminals based on their belief and practice, and as a result were often executed. At other times, there were forced to make sacrifices and give respect to the traditional Roman gods and goddesses under penalty of finds, demotion, exile, and again, death. The overall treatment of the new ground during the 2nd and 3rd centuries was a harsh reaction with the intention of eradicating the religion, or at least humiliating it. Similarly, Catholic rulers and clergy treated Protestantism as heresy, and hoped to contain and reverse its spread. However, Protestants also treated Catholics as heretics, and gained control over certain geographic areas due to political support. In these cases, treaties were sometimes made for tolerance of the status quo, and the Catholic Church even moved towards reform as a response. The Romans, however, were affected by Christianity so as to reform, cede territory, or cede power. In the Roman period, the differences in belief led to standoffs and a lockdown by Romans against Christian communities. This in turn led to mass executions, and an overall atmosphere of oppression. There was, as a result, hostility between the Roman Empire and its Christian population that could not be resolved with negotiation.
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“Religious Conflicts: 2nd-4th Century and 16th-17th Century Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/other/1418451-religious-conflicts.
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