amuel Johnson’s statement that “Nothing can please many, and please long, but just representations of general nature" ("Preface to Shakespeare," p. 210) undoubtedly holds true in the case of Shirley Jackson’s The Lottery and James Joyce’s Araby…
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Both writers use recognizable situations and characters as effective tools, but in vastly different ways. Jackson uses typical characters and settings to deceive the reader into a complacence which is rudely shattered by the unexpected ending. On the other hand, in Araby, Joyce contrasts the commonplace situations and characteristics of the secondary characters with the uncommon emotions of the protagonist. In both cases, the reader is able to identify with the commonplace characters and situations in the narratives: this is the major contributing factor that has made The Lottery and Araby stand the test of time. Jackson sets her short story in an ordinary, commonplace village, and peoples it with typical, recognizable characters, with whom the reader can easily identify. This effectively serves to intensify the uncommon horror of the ritualistic stoning of Mrs. Hutchinson at the climax. The characters are reassuringly familiar: Mr. Summer, whose “wife was a scold,” and Old Man Warner who shows the senior citizens’ resistance to change. The casual gathering of the people in the village square in the “warmth of a full-summer day” , the children at play, the everyday conversations taking place: the children talking of school, the women gossiping, the men “speaking of planting and rain, tractors and taxes”, the cheerful banter surrounding Mrs. Hutchinson’s late arrival – all these are shared experiences that lull the reader into complacency.
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He uses this kind of a background to depict the lifestyle of the character of the boy, depicted in his story – a boy who creates an outlet for a way to escape from reality. The boy is tempted to hold on to this hopeful dream and falls for it too. “Araby” – the market place is the medium via which the boy realizes the illusion that had overpowered him.
In this short story, the title alone is a play in irony. We expect that the winner of the lottery is the “lucky one”. However, the ending of the story reveals the opposite. Jackson is very effective in putting her readers in suspense. What seems to be a pleasant story turns out to have a very grim ending.
Araby is a masterpiece work ever written by James Joyce published in his collection of short stories known as Dubliners in 1914. Araby is a story of realization and disenchantment. This story reveals the difference between the meanings of real life and the ideal in life to a young boy on his quest to explore the real meaning of life and romance which later turned into his greatest disappointment.
This can be identified through reading works of Joyce. James Joyce was an Irish who was born in Dublin, Ireland on February 2, 1882. His publication by the name of ‘Portrait of the Artist’ gained him fame in the year 1916. He became a literary celebrity after he perfected his stream of- consciousness with Ulysses.
It is most popularly known as being a chilling tale of conformity gone mad. The initial response to the story was negative which was very surprising for Jackson and also the story was banned in the South Africa Union. Although since that time the story is accepted and known to be one of the classic American short stories and it received great amount of critical appreciation and also media adaptations.
These waste ranges from wood, hard plastic and even metal not forgetting the eco enemy plastic bags. The main product however is the leaf fabric, which has slowly shouted in the textile industry worldwide. Rio De Janeiro textiles does not have specific consumers and this limits its advertisement because it fears losing some consumers by concentrating on one group.
The people in the story seem to have a very religious nature. Most of the people in the story follow the rules stipulated by the religion that they follow. The relationship between the people in the story is founded on the religious principles and practices that they follow. They are, however, still seen to engage in immoral behavior.
the ability to influence followers because leaders own certain resources that are desirable to followers and followers will work according to the instructions of the leader inorder to achieve those aims and objectives (Morgan, 1997). While on the other hand followers have