Health and Culture Introduction The PEN-3 model has been developed as the framework for health promotion interventions, based on the culture of target groups. This model can be used effectively in the prevention, care and support for HIV/ AIDs in Africa. The three main domains of the PEN-3 model incorporate: relationships and expectations, cultural empowerment, and cultural identity…
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A Culturally Appropriate Health Education Program on HIV/ AIDS for Africa Relationships and Expectations One of the most important features in an AIDs prevention campaign would be “the cultural, social and economic constraints on most African women’s ability to comply with advice to limit partners and use condoms” (Peltzer, 2001, p.171). Poverty and subordination of women are the root causes of women acquiring HIV/ AIDS. Males play the dominant role in sexual relations; hence health promotion campaigns to eliminate HIV/ AIDs should focus on addressing culturally related sexual beliefs and behaviors leading to the disease. In the prevailing traditional family groups, the empowerment of women is crucial to strengthen their position in decision making on life choices. Cultural Empowerment of the Target Group It is important to leverage culture to empower the target group. Interventions should stengthen the currently isolated traditional family systems by informally connecting them to the larger national community.
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