Many of the main characters including Miss Ever’s violate codes of ethics despite their roles of taking care of the patients. Hundreds of blacks are involved in the treatment of Syphilis, what brings the most…
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At the beginning of the study, ethical in nature and was meant to explore the effect of lack of treatment in the black males (Shavers, Lynch & Burmeister, 2000).
However, the unethical part comes into focus later on in the study when a cure is, and no one bothers to use it. The team is only interested in the medical side despite the human beings having a right to existence in the availability of treatment. The achievement of scientific and medical results is more important than the health of human beings. Codes of ethics explicitly state that doctors and nurses should not deny their patients treatment for reasons of judgment based on discrimination (American Nurses Association, 2001).The experiment raises many ethical questions on whether it is moral to continue an investigation even after a cure has been discovered. There is also the concern whether professional nurses should allow the public to be misinformed during a research.
Nurse Ever had a prior knowledge of what was being researched and the effects that it would have on the subjects. As a professional nurse, the most appropriate action to take was to inform the patients the nature of the study. However, she ignored her duties and participated in the denial of these rights to the patients. Her contribution to the study was a direct violation of the nursing code of ethics (Emanuel, 2003).
The Nazi medical experiments are similar to the test that was conducted in blacks in Tuskegee. A conflict of roles is identified; the nurse has a duty to do as the doctors prescribed for the patients. Although what is done is wrong, the primary responsibility of a professional nurse is to obey the doctor’s orders. The nurse should always be concerned with the well-being of the subject, and these should be more important than interests of science (American Nurses Association, 2010).
There should be respect for the participants’ right to withdraw from a research a factor that was considered in the film.
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However, since the nursing is related to life saving activities, sometimes the professional nurses have to take unpleasant decisions that are contradictory to the patients’ opinion, but extremely necessary for the safety and recovery of the patients. Professional responsibilities, tradition, and personal conscience along with legal, philosophical, and religious convictions dictate nursing interventions.
As indicated, “when the major engineering compartments begin to fill up with water, the large water-tight hatch must be closed quickly or the ship will sink with all hands aboard” (case facts, par. 1). Given this situation, three men were identified to be in the compartment trying to stop the flooding, and as the Commanding Officer (CO), one is faced with the dilemma of closing the hatch based on ethical theories.
The complex nature of differentiating ethical conduct has promoted various theories. Non consequentialist asserts that acts are good or bad according to their consequences. Thus, rational approach encourages ethical behavior. Again, theory of utilitarianism believes that acts which result in maximum happiness to maximum number of people are ethically right.
This process essentially involves the introduction of a foreign DNA into an organism. The introduction of new DNA into an organism does not require use of classic methods but traditional breeding methods are used for the propagation of recombinant organisms (Lemaux, 2006).
This conflict of ethical perspectives originates in the conflict of cultures, norms, beliefs, values, trends and traditions. Our perceptions of ethics and our definition of good and bad is fundamentally influenced by our cultural traditions and learning. This paper provides a comprehensive insight into my perceptions about the different aspects of ethics including the most convincing system of ethics, ethics’ principles, definition of good life, source of ethics, definition of ethically bad life, judgment in the realm of ethics, value of ethical decisions beyond immediate outcomes, and its implications on humans.
responsibility fails in cases where a parliamentary party does not have any official position on an issue or when party ideology or principles are considered ambiguous. In such cases, members of parliament often view themselves as basing their informed decisions on ethical
3. To abide by the code of ethics that have been put in place to ensure that all the four principles of health care are met. By so doing, I will ensure that there is no conflict of interest between me and my patients.
4. To provide