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Diabetes results from the body not being able to produce enough glucose or the inability of the body to use the insulin efficiently. Insulin transfers glucose from blood into the cells for use hence when the glucose level increase in the blood diabetes sets in (Stehouwer & Schaper, 2009).
The beta cells of pancreas that is an organ located just below the stomach work to produce insulin hormone. There are two types of diabetes. Type 1 diabetes results from failure of the pancreas to produce enough insulin into the blood stream. Type 1 diabetes can either result from the pancreas producing less insulin or the insulin from the pancreas being ineffective. This results in accumulation of the glucose in blood. Starvation of the body cells off energy causes diabetes type 2. Normal glucose levels vary with time before eating (fasting levels), random levels, and tolerance test levels of glucose. Blood glucose level during fasting range from 80-90mg/dl, random blood sugar levels range between 80-139mg/dl while the glucose tolerance levels also range between 80-139mg/dl hence blood sugar increases because of the glucose being out of the ranges (Stehouwer & Schaper, 2009). Type 1 diabetes is more of a genetic condition while type 2 is due to lack of physical activity and obesity among other life style living.
The clinical manifestations of diabetes vary depending on the type of diabetes. However, they exhibit some common signs and symptoms, for example excessive thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, increased fatigue, and unusual weight loss.
Classification can also be according to the level of diabetes in that in the cause of hypoglycemia, which is low glucose level in the blood the clinical manifestations include: shaking, sweating, dizziness, anxious, fast heart rate, hunger, weakness, impaired vision, fatigue, and headaches. In the case of hyperglycemia which is the increase of glucose level in the blood due to lack of its transfer in to the
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The risk factors related to this escalating health crisis includes insulin resistance, genetic factors, obesity, physical inactivity and dietary factors. While there is no known cure for diabetes, early detection and treatment can reduce the burden of diabetes complications.
Insulin is an important hormone that plays a key role in metabolism and storage of glucose in a human body. Therefore, the main causes of increased blood glucose level include a decline in insulin levels, decrease sensitivity towards insulin, increase production or decreased metabolism of glucose.
Hence, the need in nurse educators well-versed in diabetic care as well as approaches to diabetes education has to be urgently addressed. Just as teaching future nurses diabetes educators needs to be based on a relevant theoretical framework, various learning theories are discussed as a background of the learning process including constructivism, experiential learning, behaviorism, social learning, psychodynamic, humanistic, and cognitive learning theories, etc.
White- 77.6%, Black or African American-19.2%, Hispanic or Latino- 64.3%, along with low percentages of pacific islanders and people of mixed ethnicity. Women hold the majority at 51.4% of the population. 51.2% are peoples are immigrants from another country and 14.5% is made up of people over the age of 65 (The United States Census Bureau, 2013).
Goal 6 B. Learning Domain Description 6 C. Teaching Techniques Description, Rationale 7 D. Environment, Time Frame, Budget, Rationale for Choices 7 E. Plan Implementation- List of Interventions, Rationale 7 F. Principles of Adult Learning- Description, How Used in Planning and Implementation 7 PART THREE 8 A.
It is for this reason that state governments have come up with advanced nursing homes. This makes it easier to administer medication and monitor their health. One of the diseases that are most common in the aged
The prevalence rate varies with demographic factors. It, for instance, increases with increase in age with a prevalence rate of about 0.25 percent in children and teenagers, and about 11 percent in individuals above 20 years. People who are above 65 years old are at the
According to research, the disease causes a large number of deaths annually and it is because of this reason that organizations have come out in large numbers campaigning on Diabetes and its effects. The numerous campaigns are in an attempt to create awareness about diabetes