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Additionally, particular reference will be paid to the Rofle reflection model theory.
Within a group, the individual members always interact and continuously communicate to achieve a particular objective. The members of a group are connected by universal harmony and combined forces. Plasters, Sagull and Xiao (2003) cite that in most cases, the members of a particular group have matching abilities and rely on each other in a robust power-sharing and accountability framework. According to Duffy (2010), there are different domains in a group dynamic that emphasize on different types of teamwork skills. For example, the group dynamics in an operating room is different in some ways from that of the intensive care unit team due to the nature of work performance in the two areas. The two areas have different role team structures, time pressure, criticality, as well patient volume.
Weaver et.al (2010) observes that medical care and practice is undeniably a team effort. Weaver et.al (2010) elaborates that different types of groups are important to all organizations; however, these groups should observe high standards of communication, cooperation and coordination. Well-coordinated teamwork especially in complex service areas such as the operation theater is associated with crucial patient outcomes like increased patient satisfaction while reducing nursing turnover (Machary et.al 2006). Furthermore, Weaver et.al (2010) asserts that effective teamwork is also linked with other positive outcomes such as job satisfaction and reduced stress level. Mosser and Begun (2013) are of the opinion that teamwork in the operating theater makes task performance faster because of the rapid interaction of individuals in the working the team. Subsequently, teams also enable the OR personnel to learn to provide high quality health care by working closely with each other.
Within the healthcare set up, there exist four main types of
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In the purview of psychiatry, The Mosby’s Medical Dictionary (2009) defines it as an unconscious defense mechanism whereby feelings and attitudes originally associated with important people and events in one’s early life are attributed to others in current interpersonal situations, including psychotherapy.
We, the members always had a “common frame of reference” and we were totally “behaviorally interdependent” (Moreland and Levine, 1982, p.139). When I became the member of this group, I did a lot of evaluation by paying attention to assess to what extent, the group and the individuals within, showed “rewardingness” towards me and to what extent the group and the members met my expectations.
An understanding of the concepts that underlie group dynamics ahs made the understanding of the functioning of the group practical from a study of the relationships between the persons in then group. According to Belohoubek, et al., (2001) the contemporary organizations cannot function effectively without the incorporation of group dynamics.
The behavior of group members effect the development of organization, positive attitudes would reflect positive effects on the success graph of organization and vice versa. To conclude, group dynamics is an important development in the study of Psychology, it explains how and why human behavior changes in different situations.
Thus group dynamics plays an important role in the organization. Group dynamics was developed by Mayo through his experiments conducted at the Hawthorne Company.
The Hawthorne experiments which were conducted in during 1930's by Mayo actually brought out the relationship on how groups and individuals reacted at work.
To be a small group, the members must also share some common goal toward which they are willing to work and make an attempt to articulate and accomplish through the process of communication.
Kurt Lewin (1943, 1948 and 1951) is commonly identified as the founder of the movement to study groups scientifically.
e advice on the correct procedure of activities and dev elopement of the group activities, helping in problem solving whenever there is a predicament facing the group, work towards the success of the group/team, obtain insight from interactions with other members as well as
anization and can occur via organizational human resource assignment, contact with other groups, relationships and affiliation with other teams in an organization, emotional desire to belong to a certain team, emotional group support and assistance, shared goal and
In contrast, group dynamics can be simply defined as a system of behaviors and a sequence of psychological processes taking place in a social group or between social groups. This paper will analyze individual and group dynamics within
any group work, there is a need for every individual to cooperate by adequately using various skills and providing constructive feedbacks with regardless to any personal conflict with any member of the group
My group was made up of people who could easily relate with the
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