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process of the disease, the pancreases makes extra insulin to make up for it but as time progresses it can no longer keep up and lacks the ability of making enough insulin of sustaining the glucose levels to their normal levels. The liver, fat and muscle cells lack their ability to respond correctly to insulin, and the blood sugars do not get into the cells where they are stored for energy. Thus, this results in a high level of sugars building up in the blood a condition that is referred to as hyperglycemia. When greater glucose levels build up in the blood, the body lacks its ability to function properly. This can result in damage to nerves and small vessels in the kidneys, eyes and heart resulting in atherosclerosis, heart attacks or even stroke. Dehydration is also bound to result as high levels of sugars build up results in increased urination, and the person may also suffer from a diabetic coma (Guidelines & Force, 2005).
The symptoms of type II diabetes build up slowly, and an individual may be suffering from the condition for years without their knowledge. Common symptoms include increased urination and thirst as the excess buildup of sugars in the body causes fluids to be pulled out of the body tissues. The person also suffers from increased hunger due to the inability of insulin to help in the moving of sugar in the cells and body muscles thus the person become depleted of energy. Weight loss is another symptom though individuals have a tendency of eating more than usual in an effort of relieving hunger (Alberti et al., 2007). Due to the body’s inability of metabolizing glucose, it utilizes other sources of energy stored in fat and muscles resulting in weight loss. The person also suffers from fatigue due to the depletion of sugars in the body, therefore; the body becomes irritable and tired. When the sugars levels are too high, the fluid is pulled from the eye lenses resulting in blurred vision. Other symptoms include slow healing and reduce body
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In the research, data was collected in New York during the period 2002-2008 from the health surveys conducted among various communities. The respondents participating in the research were segregated based on their ethnicity and their country of birth. Four classes evolved due to the categorization which included the South Asians born in the Indian subcontinent, foreign born Asians other than those of the Indian origin, Non Hispanic blacks who were born n the US, Non Hispanic whites and the Hispanics born in the United States.
Although this effect is primarily attributable to greater weight loss, evidence also suggests that reduced intake of saturated fats and high-glycemic-index foods, increased intake of dietary fiber and vegetable protein, reduced intramyocellular lipid concentrations, and decreased iron stores mediate the influence of plant-based diets on glycemia.
Due to its association with old age, most people do not value preventive information. Nearly 50% of Saudis lack information on the dangers and causes of type II diabetes. The population also has a negative attitude towards healthy eating habits and physical exercise as a preventive measure.
It is an established reality that with increasing consumption of junk food diet, obesity is also increasing with predisposition to diabetes. Many efforts have been made over the last many years to raise awareness in the American public about the benefits of eating healthy food because unhealthy food such as junk food items including sweetened fizzy drinks, snacks, burgers, and other processed food items are fraught with fats, sugars, and salts.
One of the deadly complications of diabetes is coronary artery disease which is attributed to imbalance in lifestyle. Diabetes has affected approximately 200 million individuals worldwide and expected to double by 2030 (Bottino & Trucco, 2005).
Diabetes is classified as a syndrome because it affects most of the organs in the human body resulting in other disease states. Diabetes is classified into types which are Type I diabetes mellitus and Type II diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes mellitus mostly occurs at an early age and it is an autoimmune disease where the cells of the pancreas are destroyed.
Diabetes could also be seen due to decreased ratio of insulin/anti-insulin hormones. More often than not, diabetes is accompanied with secondary changes in metabolism of protein, lipids, water and electrolytes
There are three types of diabetes; type 1, type 2 and Gestational diabetes. Diabetes is the cause of death of many people around the world especially people above the age of 40. This paper will focus on the prevalence
ecreted by the beta – cells of the pancreas in response to an increase of sugar in the blood and functions to regulate the blood glucose level (Free Online Health, 2009 and Mathur, 2011). In the United States, about 215,000 people under 20 years old were diagnosed with type 1
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