StudentShare
Contact Us
Sign In / Sign Up for FREE
Search
Go to advanced search...
Free

Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease - Essay Example

Comments (0) Cite this document
Summary
The paper "Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease" states that several studies have shown that Diabetes II is partly reversible. For instance, a study conducted by the School of Medicine in the U.S showed that Diabetes II is in part an autoimmune disease…
Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing
GRAB THE BEST PAPER92.5% of users find it useful
Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease
Read Text Preview

Extract of sample "Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease"

Diabetes is a chronic condition related to the unusually high amounts of (sugar) glucose in the blood. Insufficient production of insulin or its absence in the blood leads to diabetes. This can result in diabetes type I which depends on insulin or diabetes type II, which does not depend on insulin.
Diabetes II, initially known as non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset, is a chronic condition that affects the way the body metabolizes glucose (sugar). In diabetes II, the body resists the effects of insulin or does not generate enough insulin; hence, unable to maintain a normal glucose level (Fox and Kilvert, 24).
There are several effects that arise from Diabetes II. They include nerve damage, eye damage, heart disease and kidney damage. Also, diabetes quickens the narrowing and hardening of arteries, which usually leads to coronary heart disease and strokes. Diabetic people have higher mortality rates due to complications that result from diabetes than non-diabetic people.
According to Fox and Kilvert (65), the main causes of onset-diabetes include insufficient insulin in the blood, and abnormal insulin; thus, does not function properly. Also, diabetes II develops when the body starts resisting insulin, and when the pancreas fails to generate enough insulin.
The B cells occur in the inflammation of the visceral fat that comes before diabetes, and controlling them using drugs can prevent insulin resistance; hence, reversing the diabetic condition.

Diabetes II patients are responsible for much of their care, which can be made easy by setting diabetes goals for weight, blood sugar levels, cardiac, and exercise goals. For the weight, a person should aim to maintain a healthy weight for their body type and height. Also, they should follow the blood sugar targets and the cardiac targets set by the national institute of Health (Fox and Kilvert 146). Read More
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words, n.d.)
Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 words. Retrieved from https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1591672-fitness-report
(Type 2 Diabetes As Autoimmune Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words)
Type 2 Diabetes As Autoimmune Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1591672-fitness-report.
“Type 2 Diabetes As Autoimmune Disease Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.org/health-sciences-medicine/1591672-fitness-report.
  • Cited: 0 times
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment or rate a document

CHECK THESE SAMPLES OF Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease

Diabetes type 2

...? Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is not a single disease it is a multifactorial group of syndromes all characterized by an increase in the level of blood glucose that occurs due to lack of presence of insulin. Mainly, the less release of insulin leads to excess deposition of glycogen which is a peptide hormone synthesized by the pancreas and plays a role in raising the level of glucose in blood. (Mycek, 2007). Diabetes is usually divided into two types, insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 1 diabetes mellitus and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus also known as type 2 diabetes mellitus or Adult onset diabetes. (Boylan, 2007) Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes accounting 85-90% of all...
5 Pages (1250 words) Essay

Type 2 Diabetes

...Independent Practice Project to Design and Implement a Protocol for Initiation and Management of Insulin in Type 2 Diabetic Patients in General Practice By Abstract Diabetes type 2 patient load is increasing at a rapid pace in our society. The healthcare delivery system based on specialized diabetic care clinics is hardly being able to tend quality healthcare services adequately to this population. The pathophysiology of type 2 diabetes is unique in the sense that with disease two factors combine to worsen the prognosis. One is insulin resistance, and the other is progressive depletion of insulin reserve. Several studies have shown that once daily or twice daily insulin regimen started early on disease in type 2...
30 Pages (7500 words) Coursework

Type 2 Diabetes

... gangrene in the diabetic patients. The changes in the capillaries are associated with pathologies of the kidneys, eyes as well as the nervous system. The central and the peripheral nerves become affected owing to microvascular disease. The disruption in the capillaries of the eye can result in conditions like glaucoma and cataract. The most common impact on the eye is the resultant retinopathy. Diabetes has been labeled to be the most common cause of blindness in the West as well. The functioning of the kidneys is also affected and uncontrolled diabetes is considered to be a major cause of severe renal disease in the developed countries (Kumar et al 2005). Tests Diagnostic tests for diabetes type 2 include urine as well as blood tests...
1 Pages (250 words) Research Paper

Type 2 diabetes mellitus

...TYPE 2 DIABETES Type 2 diabetes TYPE II DIABETES MALLITUS 2 Abstract Diabetes mallitus is a disease in which there are high levels of blood sugar in affected individual. It is also called as Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mallitus or Adult Onset Diabets. This disease results due to a defect in the functioning of insulin in the body. It can either be in a form of insulin deficiency, or insulin resistance. Type II diabetes mallitus is a familial disease in some cases where it runs in families. In such cases, it is most commonly a result of weight gain. Obesity is a major risk factor for type II diabetes mallitus in those persons in whom there is a strong family history of diabetes. Normally, the blood glucose levels...
3 Pages (750 words) Essay

Diabetes type 2

...Diabetes type 2 Affiliation: Introduction Diabetes Mellitus 2 also known as adult-onset (formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes) is a chronic disease which affects the way glucose is metabolized in the body. It takes place as a result of lack of enough insulin production in the body (Codario, 2011). Its most common symptoms include high glucose concentration, relatively deficient insulin, fatigue, blurred vision, itchiness, weight loss, frequent urination, feeling thirsty among others. The risk factors of this disease according to Hanas (2007) are; increased weight (obesity), genetics, inactivity, fat distribution (excess fat in the abdomen), age (above 45 years), race (African Americans, Asian Americans and Latinos among other...
2 Pages (500 words) Essay

Diabetes mellitus type 2

...Diabetes Mellitus Type 2 Key Words: Impaired Glucose Tolerance (IGT), Type 2 diabetes mellitus, insulin, BMI, Sugar and Glucose levels, Type 2 diabetes mellitus, formerly known as non-insulin dependent diabetes (NIDD) is a metabolic disease that hinders the body from generating energy (Braham, 2011). The disease normally affects how the body handles blood sugar levels, which are the main source of body energy (Dunning 2014). The disease normally affects insulin, whereby not enough insulin is produced to handle blood sugar level (Braham, 2011). This disease commonly affects adults but recently there has been increase in the number of children being infected with it (Goldstein, 2013). This is the most common type of diabetes mostly evident...
8 Pages (2000 words) Essay

Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

...DIABETES MELLITUS TYPE 2 PREVALENCE AND MANAGEMENT ASSESSMENT The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus has been on a steady increase among the population of the world. In some countries, there is fear that the condition may become an epidemic very soon given the high percentage of an aging population, which in developing countries may spur another crisis by adding onto the already overburdened healthcare sector. In an attempt to mitigate the impact of such a catastrophe, we explore the world’s research (and reports) endeavors aimed at assessing the development of the condition and educating the public as well as health practitioners towards understanding the present health state of self or of the patient in relation to type 2 diabetes...
2 Pages (500 words) Case Study

Pregnancy Complicated With Diabetes

Depending on the time of gestation and the type of diabetes mellitus the character of these metabolic changes will vary. (Bender HS, Chickering WR, 1985.)
In the aetiology of complications of diabetic pregnancy, the disturbances of intermediary metabolism play a major role, in addition to abnormalities of immune function in both the mother and foetus, as well as in the placenta ( Fallucca F, 1997). The metabolic changes in insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus include postprandial hyperaminoacidemia, hyperlipidemia, and hyperglycaemia. (Reece EA, Homko C, Wiznitzer A, 1994.)
In particular, maternal hyperglycaemia results in foetal hyperglycaemia, which is corrected by increasing insulin secretion and consequent foetal hype...
7 Pages (1750 words) Coursework

Autoimmune Diseases and the Importance of Their Treatment in the Modern Society

The research should be considered as the basis (from a theory and practice perspective) of immunology as it is known today. During the years that followed the above studies, immunology was developed furthermore and many theories were stated while the methods of treatment were differentiated in order to respond to the changing living standards and styles of life. The main reason for the choice of the particular topic has been its importance for patients that suffer from one of the types of the particular disease. In fact, a study published in the Environmental Health Perspective (2003, 483) proved that “autoimmune diseases are chronic, potentially life-threatening conditions; there are more than 80 recognized autoimmune disea...
10 Pages (2500 words) Case Study

Faith and Works - Comparison of James 2:14 and Romans 4

While the apostles James and Paul agree that Faith connotes belief in God and Works connotes good actions, James contends that faith and works are both essential for salvation, while Paul asserts that faith is the only requisite.

James is unequivocal in his declaration that “faith by itself if it has no works, is dead” (2:17). However, he does not discount the importance of faith. His contention is that both are essential and one, without the other, is futile. He is addressing Christians, who, we may assume, are already among the congregation of the faithful, by virtue of their professed belief “that God is one” (2:19). Therefore, James accepts that faith is a precondition for salvation but asser...
7 Pages (1750 words) Assignment

Management of Patients with Diabetes

The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple organ systems that impose a tremendous burden on the individual with diabetes and on the health care system. Diabetes mellitus (DM) comprises a group of common metabolic disorders that share the phenotype of hyperglycemia. Several distinct types of DM exist and are caused by a complex interaction of genetics, environmental factors, and life-style choices. Depending on the etiology of the DM, factors contributing to hyperglycemia may include reduced insulin secretion, decreased glucose utilization, and increased glucose production. The metabolic dysregulation associated with DM causes secondary pathophysiologic changes in multiple o...
17 Pages (4250 words) Term Paper

The Diagnosis and Treatment of Disease Outline: The Roles of the Imaging and Treatment Modalities

Dramatic developments in the field of science and technology have provided newer and enhanced diagnostic tools to make arrive at a more precise diagnosis on one side and on the other side given new meaning to the traditional treatment modalities, as well as creating new treatment modalities. 

Peering inside the human body for a better understanding of any abnormalities within that are the cause for illness in a patient had remained an unrealized need until the advent of the x-ray imaging technique. Since then advances in the x-ray imaging techniques have led to new imaging modalities to remove the inadequacies that were experienced through the use of mere x-rays. Fluoroscopy is one such development in imaging modal...
7 Pages (1750 words) Term Paper

The impact of Plant Disease on New Zealand

Transmission of PMTV occurs through inoculation of sap in 26 species belonging to Solanaceae or Chenopodiaceae and to Tetragonia expansa and also through grafting (A. Reavy., W. Kashiwazaki., & Barker,1995 ). In some cases, PMTV is known to be transmitted by mechanical inoculation also.

Since PMTV is vectored only through S.subterranea the infection of plants with PMTV depends on the life cycle of S.subterranea which takes about 10-14 days. The life cycle of S.subterranean takes place in 2 phases: Phase I) This is the primary stage of the life cycle initiated with the germination of resting spores known as sporangiosori or cystosori persisting in the soil as spore balls with thick cell walls into zoosporangia. These...
6 Pages (1500 words) Report

Cancer: a Terminal Disease

Only visible progress is observed in the case of breast cancer even though, it is detected in the early stage (3). There are many reasons and characteristic of cancer which makes it incurables some of them are as follows:
Most of the human diseases were classified under two broad categories; 1) genetic diseases and 2) environmental diseases. In genetic diseases, mutation or loss of function in any of the vital genes leads to disease condition and they are generally cured by artificial supplementation of a vital component. For example, in sickle cell anemia where a patient having mutation in both copies of the hemoglobin gene leads to sickle-shaped RBC. The only permanent cure for this disease is bone marrow transplant and gen...
6 Pages (1500 words) Assignment

Air Pollution and Cardiovascular Disease: Bullish Business Long-Run Trade-Off

Increased concentrations of effluents in the air were found to have particularly been emitted from motor vehicle exhausts, industrial factories, and other burning or combustion activities of Australians (Bartnett et al. 2006). Practically, any engine that utilized fossil fuel is known to be emitters of these effluents in addition to other activities that require burning of materials as have been broadly argued by different concerned sectors for the minimization of its usage, as well, finding alternatives which could be biodegradable fuels.

Air is humankind’s natural source of respiratory Oxygen. Its preservation may have been openly disregarded so that the current generation has to face up to the maintenance of it...
12 Pages (3000 words) Term Paper

Functions of Type III Interferons

With the body of knowledge on interferons increasing, so did the understanding of their use in regulating the response of the immune system of the human body get enhanced. In modern medicine the interferons have provided a novel means to therapeutic intervention in many clinical applications.
According to Ramos-Bello and Ramos-Niembro 2008, (1) p.55, interferons have been defined as “a group of substances belonging to the cytokine family indispensable for the normal functioning of the immune system.” The interferons were derived from their pleiotropic functions and became the first set of biological products employed in the treatment of diseases, which has led to the interferons being described as pleiotropic cyto...
6 Pages (1500 words) Coursework

Pathophysiological Processes Involved in Type Two Diabetes

Changes in lifestyle and behavior, in particular, sedentary jobs combined with lack of exercise and an increase in disposable income combined with lower food prices, have resulted in a veritable explosion of type 2 diabetes. Left untreated, type 2 diabetes can lead to a series of complications and illnesses and a high incidence of premature morbidity. However, over-rich nutrition and the resulting obesity are not the only risk factors as there are different levels of susceptibility to type 2 diabetes in different ethnic groups.

According to statistics released by the World Health Organization (WHO), currently, 180 million people worldwide have diabetes, with 2.9 million deaths per year occurring due to complications cau...
9 Pages (2250 words) Coursework
sponsored ads
We use cookies to create the best experience for you. Keep on browsing if you are OK with that, or find out how to manage cookies.

Let us find you another Essay on topic Type 2 Diabetes as Autoimmune Disease for FREE!

Contact Us