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The outcome is sufficient actionable conclusions.
Qualitative method provides a greater insight into the behavior of people that contributes towards healthy or unhealthy population. The method often uses case studies and observation of a population. For example, a study on HIV on a particular community may use the qualitative method to identify behaviors that increase the prevalence of the disease in the population under study. A qualitative method would supplement the qualitative method by availing the statistical part. The method gives a better presentation of conclusions in numerical form, shows trends and demographics of a population. In the above example of a study on HIV, quantitative method is important in showing aspects such as number of vulnerable persons, high-risk ages, and the economic cost of the disease.
In conclusion, the above illustration shows that a nursing research provides better and actionable conclusions when both qualitative and quantitative methods are used. Whereas qualitative methods provide a theoretical perspective of a phenomenon, the quantitative method avails data evidence to enhance the viability and reliability of the results. However, using both methods is complex, time-consuming and requires expertise in theory and
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The use of qualitative and quantitative methods in business research is a common phenomenon. In fact, the above methods are considered as most appropriate for the particular type of research as they are already extensively tested in practice, at the level that these methods are widely used in research studies within various sectors.
Studies on team effectiveness however showed that employees have different perceptions of team effectiveness. Child and Shumate (2007) revealed that a cognitive map of who-knows-what in a team influences perceived team effectiveness. Flood, et al. (2000) showed that leadership styles may influence team consensus and effectiveness directly or indirectly.
Qualitative research methods are described by Thomas (1997, p. 31) as ‘methods for the collection, analysis and interpretation of data on phenomenon that are not easily reduced to numbers, or that might be destroyed by any attempt to do so’. Qualitative methods are used in psychology to elucidate in detail a person’s grasp of his world: the qualities can be seen as objective variables (Smith, 2008).
Research in a particular discipline helps us in number of ways. It gives a picture of the actual facts and the circumstances that can affect the subject and study. Research is a separate discipline in itself and needs proper formulation for conducting it.
The author describes Quantitative Research as ‘the method which investigates the why and how of decision making, not just what, where and when’. It was noted that qualitative research presents data in language form which is gathered from the study area. In qualitative research, it is thought that the researcher can learn the most by participating.
Quantitative research is the systematic empirical investigation of social phenomena by the use of statistical, mathematical or computational techniques. On the other hand, scientific research is the body of techniques used for investigating phenomena, acquiring new knowledge or rectifying and integrating previous knowledge and information.
Cresswell, the author, introduces these approaches by providing their comparative highlights and salient points. As a practical research guide, Research Design offers “a template for preparing research protocol, a proposal for theses/dissertations and for writing a scholarly research journal articles” (Giddings 2008).
On the other hand, qualitative research methods are methods that permit the research procedures to develop as more observations are collected, and that usually allow the utilization of subjectivity to produce deeper