It is one of the fields that integrate knowledge presented by different sciences to upgrade the lives of living things. Coulter, Meyers and Varacalli (2012, p.32) regard “Biotechnology as the application of the…
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In connection with this, it is evident that biotechnology has led to the introduction of hybrids of plants and animals through cloning and gene therapy. It is also apparent that employment of biotechnology in the medical contexts has enhanced the production of effective medicine.
However, the ethical issues surrounding the application of biotechnology in real life situation are diverse and convincing. For instance, Coulter, Myers and Varacalli assert that the extensive use of biotechnology has led to human beings being used as the instruments of biotechnology. In connection with this, it is also evident that biotechnology has resulted in biological manipulations (Morris, 2006). It has distorted the profoundly human activities such as those associated with receiving and nurturing life. The production of genetically modified foods has also raised public concerns in many developed countries. Majority of the people believe that the food crops generated via biotechnology may result in fatal health complications (Morrey & Sherlock, 2002). Additionally, it is evident that the introduction of genetically modified organisms hampers with the marketing of organic
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The molecular structure of the DNA is responsible for its ability to store information (Campbell and Reece, 2009, p86).DNA is double stranded and is twisted to form a helical structure. The strands are made up of nucleotides. Each nucleotide is comprised of 3 parts; a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen base and a phosphate group.
This new DNA is then inserted into another organism’s genome. Other techniques of genetic engineering involve gene targeting or DNA “knocking off”. Organisms that are derived from these methods are referred to as genetically modified. These methods have been used to alter the genome of individuals lacking genomes that are responsible for regulating certain physiological processes.
[Student Name] [Instructor’s Name] [Course Code] [Date] Genetics The students of our class were asked to go to lab and measure height using height scale during practical 10. The whole group of student consisted of male and female students. The heights measured then were arranged into their respective groups.
The platelets count is 16/cmm; this is lower than the normal count. Thus, explains the unexplained bruising, bleeding gums, and dried blood in the nose resulting from a nose bleed. An enlarged spleen measuring 5cm results from an assemblage of leukemia cells in the
While the normal life span of a normal red blood cell is 120 days, sickle cells die within 10-20 days. The bone marrow of individuals suffering from sickle cell anemia cannot produce red blood cells fast enough to meet the bodys demand. Sickle cell anemia is an inherited
Explain: Mitochondria provide energy for all cellular processes within the body. As alluded to above, mitochondria is maternally inherited, and so are the defects of mtDNA. Thousands of mutant and normal mtDNA both coexist in individuals with mtDNA
f a set of pairs of monozygotic twins carrying similar alleles for every gene, if they are raised in separate homes they may become different individuals. It implies that gene alleles differ across different environments.
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