The problem, according to the researchers, is that adults above the age of 80 consist of an age group that is rising steadily and is at risk of various health complications. Therefore, it was necessary to…
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trated by what the authors did, which was to evaluate whether there was an association between older age and going back to a clinic in the Cardiovascular Health Study. The authors also sought to find the extent to which age and other factors measured and differed by the type of visits. The study reports two hypotheses, which were stated candidly. The authors theorized that the type of visit would have an association with key demographics namely lifestyle, health and function characteristics. The second hypothesis was that the oldest participants would have the worst retention for in-person clinic visits.
The design of the research study conducted by Strotmeyer et al. (2011) is a longitudinal epidemiological study. There was no intervention in the study because such investigations entail the following up of subjects over a protracted period, which is characterized by constant observation of various risk factors as well as health outcomes.
Conducting a longitudinal epidemiological study is a vital step in investigating the relationships between exposure to recognized or supposed causes of disease and the ensuing morbidity or mortality. This is the most appropriate research deign for the objectives in this study because it enables the tracing of same people for a long period (Jewel & Hubbard, 2006). Consequently, the variations aspects observed in the people are less likely to have the interference of cultural disparities over different age group. Due to these reasons, longitudinal studies obtain accurate results.
The power analysis procedure was neither used to estimate the sample size requirements prior to undertaking the study nor to find the likelihood of committing a Type II error. The presence of a power analysis enables the determination of the sample size required for the study based on information from previous research. It also used to verify whether the non-significant outcomes are due to the lack of association in the samples or the lack of statistical
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Such factors are of major interest to schools of nursing and members of their faculty as they may be able to adjust their curriculum or admission requirements accordingly in order to achieve a higher rate of passing in the examination. Findings of this investigation may also help future test-takers in determining the type of preparatory programs and courses that they should take in order to aid them in succeeding at the examination.
Sample observations are then used to estimate specific population parameters. Validity of a study is determined by research tools and methods used in a study. Data collection and analysis tools not only influence the nature of data to be collected in a study, but also determine whether collected data will correctly answer research objectives (Fowler, 1984).
Oerlemans, Saskia W. de Ruiter, Marcel A.G. van Aken, Barbara Franke, Jan. K. Buitelaar, and Nanda N.J. Rommelse Introduction The article, “The co-occurrence of autism spectrum disorder and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in parents of children with ASD or ASD with ADHD”, opposes the view presented through the classical models of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and Attention-Deficit / Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) which affirms the disorders to be radically apart in their exhibition and thus seldom occur simultaneously.
According to the author the rate of acute kidney injury is increasing over the days and so is the mortality associated with the injury. Thus the author puts forward that a nurse should necessarily know the symptoms associated with Acute Kidney Injury to reduce the severity of the problem.
G. & Ayanian, J. Z. (2010). This report is about a study which was performed with a strong background of increasing awareness of clinicians about the racial disparities that exist in the health sector. It aimed at improving communication so as to enhance the diabetes care among the black patients in eastern Massachusetts.
Finally, purchasing groups involves the less stable groups purchasing liability insurance coverage as a block from an insurer.
4. The first question by Koviak (2004) entails the reasons for the current
The author does not discuss her research question but the scope of the article suggests the following research question.
The study’s design is also not explicit but literature review seems to have informed the study’s results, as the author refers to different studies.
The study has specified the research question which is to find out whether retention at repeated in person visits plays a significant role in the adults health.
The research question in this study is not well
Epidemiology is a data driven discipline and relies on objective approaches to collect, analyze and interpret data. It relies on and applies concepts from other scientific disciplines such as biostatistics and informatics (CDC, 2012). This paper will be a