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A patient may experience high moments in life that is indicated in extreme joy and energy. On the other hand, the patient may undergo low moments that manifest in depression. However, depression is indicated by symptoms that stay for long and influence an individual’s daily tasks. Generally depression is a mood illness triggered by an incorporation of environmental, biological, genetic and psychological aspects. Depression influences the body and mind-affecting physical, feelings, and behavior and thoughts states. A patient with bipolar disorder faces mood swings that manifest in feelings of loneliness, helplessness, weakness, sadness and depression. The tell signs and symptoms of depression include lack of interest in hobbies, feeling irritable and sad. The illness can also inhibit eating and sleep, can be the root for unexplained stomachaches and headaches. Depression can also result to aspiration to be alone, aggression, quarrelsome conduct that put pressure on relationships with friends and families. The illness also interferes with the ability of the individual to recall events and concentration which affects the academic performance. In other cases patients have ideas of committing suicide or death (Leonard & Jovinelly, 2012). All these symptoms are different for various people. From the mentioned symptoms, the patient in question suffers from bipolar disorder as per her high and low moods as witnessed by the family. The mentioned patient developed a depressed mood over a period of one week, thus is not suffering from major depression as in major depression the signs and symptoms persist for a minimum of two weeks and above (Moragne, 2011).
To treat bipolar disorder, bio-psychosocial approach is used. The patient has to be enrolled in a comprehensive case management program where he/she will access care, receive evidence-based pharmacotherapy and psychoeducation. Moreover, the family is to take part in this treatment program so that each
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At one moment they would be in a cheerful or good mood, in the next minute, depression would fall upon them, no matter what the reason. Irritation, Sleeping patterns get disrupted, concentration level falls, feelings of anxiety and worry, eating habits get changed, fall in energy levels is observed and they feel discomfort from their surroundings.
These two episodes have their own characteristics which will be explained. The psychiatric illness can be treated by giving medications as well as other forms of therapy. The different pharmacological treatments along with the other therapies will be analyzed.
Mania is described as high levels of hyperactivity, energy and impulsivity, with bipolar depression having many similarities to those suffering from unipolar depression (). It is probably this tendency to change between the highs and the lows of the disorder that leads to many having difficulties in treatment, and for physicians to have difficulty treating bipolar patients.
There are extreme disruptions in mood for those who are bipolar, so much so that these mood changes can affect relationships, job or school performance, and even lead to thoughts of suicide. It affects energy levels and ability to function and a person could be a danger to self and others in a state of severe mania.
It is a long-term disorder, and requires careful management by way of lifestyle changes to manage across the lifespan. This paper will review the literature pertaining to bipolar disorder. Firstly a description of the psychosocial disorder will be presented.
Johnson, Gustavo J. Rey, Mark A. Blais, Ana Rivas-Vazquez (2002). Since most people who are afflicted by this type of ailment are within their most productive age group, one estimate quoted that this type of diseases cost
It can be simply defined as a psychological problem associated with mood, in which a person experiences mania, which is excessive happiness, irritation or excitement. On the other hand, they experience low moods known as depression in which they feel sad, suicidal, and lonely
Mood changes associated with Bipolar Disorder prove to be recurrent and can cause high levels of disability as well as premature deaths if it progresses to the chronic stage. Bipolar disorder exhibits itself in a cycle of episodes with the person being highly excited at one point and badly depressed at other times.
In this paper, I will highlight the key clinical features of the disease as well as describe the available diagnostic tools and provide the analysis of the current treatment options.
Bipolar disorder is a
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