Pathophysiology - Essay Example

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It is caused by triggers which are things that cause irritation to the airways. There are two kinds of treatment given to asthma patients that…
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Pathophysiology due: Tineasha Woods response essay I agree with Tineasha Woods that Asthma is an illness that has an impact on the small tubes that transport air in and out of the lungs. It is caused by triggers which are things that cause irritation to the airways. There are two kinds of treatment given to asthma patients that are controllers and relievers. Reliever inhalers are prescribed to reduce the asthma signs, and they do not minimize the swelling and inflammation in the airway (Wojciechowski, 2011). People suffering from mild asthma are treated with inhaled corticosteroid combined with a long-acting beta-two agonist (Wojciechowski, 2011). In such a case Flovent 110 and Severent is prescribed. Flovent is administered in three doses for the low dose 44ug, medium dose 110ug and high dose 220 ug. The Severent is in the form of MDI, which offers 25ug/puff and also in the form of DPI, which gives 50g/blister (p. 555). Flovent is not an immediate cure therefore one should never increase the dose either stop using the drug. I agree that the patient education is necessary because Flovent is administered orally, and one should shake the container before use. The patient is supposed to breathe deeply and then exhale. As the patient is inhaling one is supposed to put the lips around the mouthpiece and push the container. The patient is supposed to rinse the mouth with water and avoid spraying the drug into the eyes (Pocket Books & Thompson, 2007). In asthma patient, the peak flow meter is important to help know when an attack is about to occur (Levy, Hilton & Barnes, 2000).
Stacey Kneeland response essay
I agree Stacey Kneeland that controllers assist in managing inflammation and swelling of the airways and prevent them from being delicate to asthma provocative (Graham & ‎Kurtis, 2010). Inhaled corticosteroids are safe and well condoned when used in the right dose. The two commonly used inhalers are budesonide and fluticasone. Side effects may include nosebleeds, sore throats, hoarseness, mouth infection, dry mouth and nose, bad taste in the mouth and nausea. Moreover, patient education is imperative because they are supposed to rinse their mouths and spit after inhalation when using inhaled corticosteroids. The patient is supposed to know how to interpret the peak flow meter reading to prepare for the next attack (Graham & ‎Kurtis, 2010). I agree that Pulmicort is an anti-inflammatory steroid drug prescribed for children aged between 12 months to eight years and is inhaled on a daily basis. I agree that the peak flow meter is used to measure peak expiratory flow to determine the air flows from the lungs.
Marsha Jackson response essay
I agree with Marsha Jackson that acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an illness that presents in the form of the lung failing to give normal air circulation. The ARDS can advance to respiratory failure that can result to death (Ricci & Kyle, 2009). Symptoms in young children comprise of reducing oxygen saturation, hyperventilation, cyanosis, and increased respiratory exertion (Hockenberry, Wong, Wilson & Wong, (2013). (p. 1257). There are there general respiratory tract infections that include bronchiolitis, laryngotracheobronchitis (croup) and epiglottitis. Bronchiolitis is common respiratory disease that is highly contagious. The signs normally present in lower and upper respiratory tract infection. The respiratory syncytial virus is responsible for 50%-70% occurrence of bronchitis. The first stage the illness present in cough, nasal congestion and rhinorrhea, loss of appetite, irritability, and posttussive emesis. Some patients develop fever but not all of them. In infants symptoms include barrel chest, labored breathing, supraclavicular retractions, intercostal and subcostal. In infants less than two months, the first manifestation of bronchiolitis is development of apnea. It may also suffer from tachycardia, mild to moderate hypoxemia and tachypnea.
I agree that laryngotracheitis is a severe respiratory tract disease in young children between the age of six months to six years, with the second year being the one at highest risk. This illness is caused by parainfluenza virus type one to three. The illness is a result of infection of the middle and upper respiratory tract and is presented by edema and inflammation of the trachea, bronchi and larynx. The symptoms of the disease include respiratory distress, inspiratory stridor, bark like cough and hoarseness (Zaoutis, 2007). Severe epiglottitis is presented by dysphonia, fever, dysphagia and advances to upper respiratory hindrance. Children infected with the disease show signs of dysphagia and fever, anxiety, restlessness and advancing irritability (Zaoutis, 2007).
Gretchen Kaune response essay
I agree with Gretchen Kaune that a professional should know the difference between the different respiratory infections in order to offer the correct treatment. This is because different infections present differently. Croup infection affects the larynx in the exclusion of diaphragm and is caused by viruses in particular parainfluenza. The signs of the disease in children are marked leukocytosis, swelling of pharynx and epiglottis, acute respiratory distress and pooling of secretions. Bronchiolitis is a viral disease that presents in the form of wheeze accompanied by respiratory distress and cough. The disease affects the lower respiratory tract and happens in the first two years. The young children and infants are at high risk of dying from the disease (Miller & Eriksson, 2009). Epiglottitis is caused by H.influenza type B (HIB). It is a severe swelling of the aryepiglottic folds, the epiglottis and the supraglottic structure. The disease causes agitation distinguished by restlessness and irritability, and it develops a ‘barking’ cough and in most cases the child wants to sit upright and lean forward instead of lying down. Due to obstruction retractions of the substernal and supra clavicular area may be witnessed. Professionals are warned not to use direct check-up of upper airway in young children presenting signs of epiglottitis as this may cause total obstruction of the airway and result to respiratory arrest (Dickey, Greenberg, & Bowden, 2006).
Dickey, S. B., Greenberg, C. S., & Bowden, V. R. (2006). Children and their families: The
continuum of care. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Graham, D., & ‎Kurtis, E. (2010). Asthma Causes and Symptoms. In Asthma: Clinicians Desk
Reference (Illustrated ed., p. 137). CRC Press.
Hockenberry, M. J., Wong, D. L., Wilson, D., & Wong, D. L. (2013). Wongs nursing care of
infants and children. St. Louis, Mo: Elsevier Mosby.
Levy, M., Hilton, S., & Barnes, G. (2000). Asthma at your fingertips: The comprehensive and
medically accurate manual on how to manage your asthma. London: Class Pub.
Ricci, S. S., & Kyle, T. (2009). Maternity and pediatric nursing. Philadelphia: Wolters Kluwer
Health/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
Miller, R. D., & Eriksson, L. I. (2009). Millers anesthesia. Philadelphia, PA: Churchill
Pocket Books, & Thompson PDR. (2007). The PDR Pocket Guide to Prescription Drugs, (EAN).
Simon and Schuster.
Wojciechowski, W. (2011). Entry Level Exam Review for Respiratory Care. Cengage Learning.
Zaoutis, L. B. (2007). Comprehensive pediatric hospital medicine. Philadelphia: Mosby/Elsevier. Read More
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