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Mental Illness/Disorder - Research Paper Example

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Summary
Schizophrenia is a mental disorder that can be caused by contributing factors such as genetics, early environment and psychological and social processes. The mental disorder is most often distinguished by its effect on social behavior and cognitive abilities. Patients often…
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Mental Illness/Disorder
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Mental Illness/Disorder

Download file to see previous pages... The disease is often described in terms of negative and positive symptoms, positive symptoms are those which are only present in people with schizophrenia such as delusions, auditory and visual hallucinations and scattered thought patterns, the hallucinations can be considered as the onset of psychosis. Negative (deficit) symptoms signify the lack of certain responses or cognitive abilities mostly related to expressions of emotions, motivation, and communication. The negative symptoms are the ones that increase the burden of the disease and they also have a limited response to available medicines (Malaspina, 2013).. As of now the mechanism for Schizophrenia is categorized between ‘Psychological’ and ‘Neurological’.
The complexity of schizophrenia stems from the fact that it has multi-faceted causes. There is difficulty in separating the effects of genetics and environment on the onset of schizophrenia but both are regarded as the major contributing factor (Pickard, 2011). Research shows that people with a history of schizophrenia in the family have an increased chance of 20-40% of being diagnosed for the disease after experience any symptom of transient psychosis. The greatest risk is present when a first-degree relative suffers from schizophrenia; if one parent is affected then the risk is around 13% but it increases to almost 50% if both parents are patients. It is hypothized that multiple genes are responsible for the various symptoms of schizophrenia.
Environmental factors that contribute to the onset of schizophrenia can be categorized under living environment, drug use and prenatal stressors (McGrath et al ,2008). Rates of schizophrenia are slightly elevated in people who were exposed to stressful conditions during fetal development such as hypoxia and infection or malnutrition with the increased risk of 5-8%. Children exposed to ...Download file to see next pagesRead More
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