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The evidence level of the abstract is III. It is because the research has been conducted from gathering evidences from the case, correlation and comparative studies. The study makes use of the different recognized, experts, peer reviewed and case studies comparison.
It is difficult to identify the purpose of the study. However, the problem statement is detailed but the objective of the study still remains blurred and unclear. It seems that the article talks more about the awareness of the issues through the assistance of eBooks rather than emphasizing on the main objective of the issue. The problem statement has not been clarified defined due to which the objective of the research has been blurred. It talks more about the comparison of the intervention and its comparison with the usual care. However, it does not brief well about the main objective of the study aims to attain through the comparison of the intervention but is focuses on the knowledge, intention and behaviors.
As the purpose statement of the research has been blurred the research question of the study are also weak. The research does not clearly define the research question, the wording and the sentence of the research question have been merged within the paragraph that makes the research question not clear. The research question for the study is ‘We now report pretest and immediate post-test findings from a randomized controlled trail of the CHOICES intervention for young adults with SCD or SCT’. It shall be noted that the objective of the research question is blurred and does not clarify specify the objective it aims to attain through this research.
Yes, the hypothesis is present in the article. The hypothesis for the study is ‘compared with the usual care group, the CHOICES group would report increased reproductive health knowledge, intention, and planned behavior changes consistent with their parenting plan, when pretest scores were controlled’. It is a
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Vichinsky reported that acute and painful episodes, which can last from two to seven days, are the most common reason for SCD patients to seek emergent medical care. The believes that this population had an opioid addiction acts as a major barrier preventing patients from receiving effective pain management during acute pain episodes.
Sickle cell affects red blood cells which contain haemoglobin and according to Anon (2009) about 250,000 people are carriers of sickle cell genes. Sickle cell disease also means that if both parents are carriers, then it is more likely for the children to develop either sickle cell disease or to be a carrier of the disease.
The article describes the condition of Ryan Clark, safety of Pittsburgh Steelers and the reason why he has been restricted from playing in the upcoming game against the Denver Broncos. The writer has described the limitations a professional player has to face because of sickle cell trait and has also highlighted the underlying pathology of the blood disorder.
The research includes survey and fact-finding enquiries of different kinds. The health -Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP II) questionnaire is used to gather knowledge of health promotion. The HPLP II measures current health promoting behaviors using a 52 item, 4 - point likest scale that contains the six subscales of spiritual growth, health responsibility, nutrition, physical activity, stress management, and interpersonal relations.
However, the carriers will have the potential to pass on the affected gene to their offspring.
The chances of my friend being a carrier are one out of four. Both her grandparents were carrier of mutated CFTR as they were healthy and one of their progeny (uncle) had cystic fibrosis.
This process causes damage to the red blood cell membrane and sometimes the red blood cells get attached in blood vessels. This attachment or adherence of the red blood cells deprives the tissues of oxygen causing ischemia and infarction.The disease is chronic with periodic painful attacks,damage of internal organs with complications of strokes and subsequent shortened lifespan.The average life span of sickle cell patients is just 40 years.
ures like premature destruction of red blood cells, elevated erythropoietin levels and increased erythropoietin levels in the marrow and other sites to compensate for the loss of red cells and accumulation of the products of hemoglobin catabolism due to increased rate of red
Patients affected by SCD need red blood cell transfusions on a regular basis to reduce morbidity and mortality. The transfusions are administered intermittently to control or prevent a serious complication of SCD, and as a perioperative measure. Or, as a chronic