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Facial nerve paralysis is in turn more common with Lower Motor Neuron (LMN) lesion than Upper Motor Neuron (UMN) lesion. Forehead muscles can be tests by asking the patient to raise her eyebrows in order to determine if UMN or LMN disease is the real cause behind face drop. If the furrows of the forehead are asymmetrical, it is a LMN disease like Bell’s palsy. If otherwise, it is UMN disease like pseudobulbar palsy. The patient in the case study is most probably suffering from Bell’s palsy because that is more often the cause of “muscle weakness on one side of the face” (El-Bab, 2011, p. 2134).
Assigning this patient to a novice or proficient nurse depends on physical condition of the patient. If there are no extreme symptoms like blindness, seizures, or severe headache, if facial drooping started suddenly, and if there is no wrinkling on forehead, the patient has no stroke and is suffering from Bell’s palsy. In that case, treatment with steroids should immediately begin which can be handled by a novice nurse as well.
El-Bab, M.F., Makhdoom, N., Al-Harbi, K.M., Baghdadi, H.H., & Alam, A. (2011). Facial Nerve Palsy Incidence, Clinical Feature, and Prognosis in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research, 1(11),
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Just like the central processing unit of a computer, nervous system can be considered as a master control unit inside our body. Basic function of nervous system is the controlling and coordination of body functions. It receives signals from sensory organs, analyze and interpret it and instruct the concerning organs to act in a particular way.
Communication is achieved through electrochemical signals, which cause a release in neurotransmitters. The brain is a highly organized structure with sections called lobes. The lobes are the temporal lobe, occipital lobe, parietal lobe, and frontal lobes.
Hormones are specific to their target cells which have receptors that bind to individual hormones. These messages perform a variety of tasks, such as, controlling enzyme production and modifying cell structure and activity (607). These activities are strictly controlled by a negative feedback system in order to maintain homeostasis and coordination between cells and tissues.
Each and every activity is controlled and coordinated by this important part of the body system. It is comprised of the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and neurons (Brodal 40).
The central nervous system is divided into two sections: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system.
All vertebrates have the central (CNS) and the peripheral nervous systems (PNS). The brain and spinal cord are the major organs of the CNS (King, Frazee, & De, 2008). The peripheral nervous system comprises of sensory neurons and nerves. The nerves, in turn, connect the sensory neurons to the CNS.
353). The cuticle is 5µm thick in young larvae (36 hours, first instar), 25µm in 60-hour-old larvae (second instar), and 40µm in last (third) instar larvae. Maggot behavior is linked to instar development; for example, in the first and second instar the maggots stay close together and feed, but in the third instar, they move away from each other and seek a safe placement for pupal development to occur.
As the author of the essay puts it, the Central Nervous System form the major portion of the nervous system and includes both the brain as well as the spinal cord. Furthermore, some classifications of the Central Nervous System also include retina and the cranial nerves as part of the Central Nervous System.
It consists of the central nervous system (CNS) and the peripheral nervous system (PNS) that work together; the sensory inputs gathered through the sensory receptors from the environment are transmitted to the CNS, processed, and sensory output is generated to offer response to stimuli.
Marcovitch pointed out that the nervous system covers the brain, the autonomic part of the nervous system, the somatic system, and the complex systems of the human body (489-490). The autonomic part of the nervous system controls the automatic or unconscious control covering the heartbeat, muscular control of the blood vessels, digestion, and glandular (Marcovitch 490).
According to numerous medical studies, this disease mostly affects the essential communication link between brain, spinal cord and the entire body system (Lezzoni, 2010). This process can ultimately result
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