It has been subjected to legal, ethical and religious implications. Euthanasia is an act whereby a clinical practitioner takes direct steps which result in the death of the patient in accordance with the…
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Euthanasia has only been legalized in Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg. The United States has also been the center to many arguments with relation to this issue and only the states of Oregon and Washington made this practice legal (Pereira 2011).
Euthanasia has led to far greater arguments and debates in the United States than it has in many countries across the world. In the states of Oregon and Washington, euthanasia whereby a physician directly injects medicines has not been made legal and only assisted suicide has been legalized. Despite of its lack of popularity in the other states, a study in Oregon demonstrated that seventy seven percent of its residents favored assisted euthanasia. Important causes which have prevented laws in favor of euthanasia to be passed in the United States include the strong hold of the Church and also the fact that American citizens are influenced by religion more than the people of other developed regions like Canada and Europe. It is also seen that laws supporting euthanasia have failed in the country owing to the lack of trust of the Americans in the healthcare system of the country. Citizens suspect that by passing the laws in favor of euthanasia, the health insurance companies might be greatly supportive of it to prevent the costs which would have to be utilized for the care of chronically ill patients (Angell 2012).
A major reason for the rejection of euthanasia by a large number of people is their religion. Major religions across the world including Judaism, Christianity as well as Islam consider euthanasia as a criminal act and consider it equivalent to murder. The religious views of Muslims are strongly against this practice and they are based mainly upon the teachings of their Holy Book, Quran as well as the sayings of their Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). The verses of the Holy Quran as well as
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Dying is shown as part of religion, as a day to day process to be respected and worshiped. End of life decisions are a time of taking responsibility. James Rachels considers euthanasia morally incorrect
Euthanasia is commonly referred as ‘mercy killing’ or a ‘good death’. It entails bringing about the death of a patient in belief that the existence of the patient is so bad that he or she is better off dead than alive.
They include assisted suicide, active voluntary euthanasia and physician-aided suicide. In essence, these terms describe the ending of one’s suffering via termination of their life often via drugs administration. Today, Patients Rights Council (2012) reveals that assisted suicide is considered illegal in 47 U.S States apart from Washington, Montana and Oregon which support physician-assisted suicide.
Law and Euthanasia.
Terminal illness or disease is a medical term that found its popularity in the 20th century. Terminal illness is regarded as a disease that cannot be cured; therefore, patients suffering such diseases are bound to die specifically within a very short period (Keown, 2002; Pg.
The subcategories of euthanasia depend on whether the person who died from the act was competent or incompetent and whether the euthanasia acts are considered voluntary, non-voluntary, or involuntary. Involuntary euthanasia is done against the expressed wishes in an advance valid directive.
The case of the young man who has been in coma for 12 years is directly related to this ethical dilemma, and therefore is controversial almost by its definition. More specifically, the controversy that surrounds euthanasia is fueled by the following elements that may be thought of as those comprising this medical action - the element of murder which is apparently what euthanasia is from a certain point of view, the element of a passive stance towards a patient which leads to letting die a person and is perhaps a softer definition of euthanasia than outright murder accusations, and the element of harm which is in any case induced on a person during euthanasia to let her or him die and which g
Voluntary euthanasia is the process of ending the patient’s life to end pain and suffering but such a decision is made by the patient. Involuntary euthanasia involves performing euthanasia on a patient, who is able to provide informed
Euthanasia refers to the practice of ending the life of an individual suffering from a terminal illness or incurable disease by either lethal injection or suspension of the treatment. Euthanasia is intentional killing
The element of voluntary assisted euthanasia elicits many ethical issues in medicine as physicians have a duty to preserve life (Randall & Downie, 2010). This remains one of the fundamental ethical concern in regard to the practice of voluntary
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