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Sources of error in the work environment like interruptions should be reduced. The program of quality improvement should be ongoing and systematic. It should be peer reviewed for safe medication use. Areas of responsibility and lines of authority in the hospital should be properly defined to order, administer, and dispense medication.
Prescribers should be updated on the current state of knowledge to be able to determine the suitable drug therapy. Prescribers should evaluate the total status of the patient before prescribing further medications to determine appropriate drug interactions. Prescribers should avoid giving such vague directions as “take as directed” as particular instructions facilitate differentiation in the drugs. Prescribers should demonstrate exact strengths of dosage instead of specifying dosage form units.
Pharmacists should personally provide nurses and prescribers with information regarding appropriate use of medications and therapeutic drug regiments. Pharmacists should not guess the confusing medication orders’ intent. The work area where drugs are prepared should be kept clean and ordered. Pharmacists should preview the design and content of the forms of preprinted medication order, and maintain records to identify the recipients of erroneous products.
Clinical nurses’ educators should inculcate all the required skills in the students to help them deter all types of errors while prescribing medication (Warburton, 2010). Nurses practicing in the organized settings of health-care should be well-versed with the ordering of medication and the use of system. Identity of patients should be verified before the prescribed dose is administered. Personnel using the devices of medication administration should fully comprehend the possible causes of error and faults in operation. The patient-nurse ratio should be increased in each shift (Kim et al., 2011).
Patients should not hide
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Medication errors have led to premature demise of considerable number of patients annually. Medication faults that lead to loss of life or injury among outpatients and inpatients have become a critical and a costly predicament that have propelled health regulatory agencies, governmental organizations, and private health providers to seek viable means of alleviating such preventable errors.
One of the situations occurs when the nurses engage in duty shifts. Errors are \unintentional lapses on the part of the nursing staff. The nurse administrators must do their share to eliminate medication errors (Kalra, 2011). There are corrective activities remedies needed to reduce the frequency and effects of medication errors.
Many people die every year due to this issue. The main aim of this paper is to highlight the importance of the nurses’ responsible attitude towards this issue. Nurses should be responsible for what they do and what they have done. Moreover, nurses should practice some good techniques to help prevent the rise of any such kind of situation.
There are 5 medical administration rights; the right patient, the right dosage, the right drug, the right time, and the right route. As noted by the National Coordinating Council for Medication Error Reporting and Prevention (NCC MERP), medication error is any preventable occurrence or event that may lead to or cause patient harm or inappropriate medication use, while the medication is under the control of a health care provider, consumer, or patient.
Causes range from illegible physician handwriting, and tired, distracted and exhausted nurses. This paper looks at the various medication administration rights that should be observed by nurses in an effort to prevent medication errors. The study treats patient safety as an important aspect of nursing.
In the research conducted by Cohen (2007), medical errors have claimed a huge percentage of funds and lives in the globe today. It is in this light therefore, that nurses must be keen to ensure that they are well conversant with their roles in minimization of medical errors.
While it can be realized that mistakes can occur through human beings, yet there are certain preventive measures as well that, if followed effectively, can prevent the incidence and occurrences of such errors in medication. The study has researched through some of the secondary sources towards obtaining the safety.
Medication errors are also errors which are made but corrected before actually reaching the patient. Studies suggest a number of factors which promote positive nursing environments and reduce adverse patients events such as medication errors. Studies also suggest a link between nursing staffing levels and the frequency of intercepted medication errors (Sleinitz, Heyde, & Kloft, 2012).
The causes, possible consequences and preventive measures will be considered. Introduction No matter what area of activity error occurs in, it is a serious misconduct that may have unpredictable consequences. Healthcare is the area of activity that requires special liability as errors of doctors can cost people much.